Molecular Survey and Genetic Diversity of Babesia spp. and Theileria spp. in Cattle in Gansu Province, China

Abstract

Purpose

Babesia spp. and Theileria spp. are tick-borne pathogens of livestock globally. In this study, we investigated the presence and distribution of these pathogens in cattle from 20 locations in 4 Counties of Wuwei City. The aim of the present research was to evaluate the spread of piroplasms, so as to provide the epidemiological information for control piroplasmosis in the region.

Methods

The authors provided the molecular data for Babesia spp. and Theileria spp. and analyzed the obtained sequences of the 18S rRNA gene, Tams1 gene and MPSP gene by using the ClustalW program in MEGA version 6.06 software and BLASTn tool of NCBI GenBank database.

Results

The total infection rates were detected by nPCR with 1.8% for T. orientalis, 3% for T. sinensis, 0.6% for T. annulata, 1.8% for B. motasi and 0.6% for B. bigemina.

Conclusions

To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report investigating T. sinensis from cattle by PCR in Wuwei City. In particular, ovine B. motasi has been for the first time detected in cattle in our study and its impact is worth discussing to figure out the potential reasons.

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Acknowledgements

This study was financially supported by the National Key Research and Development Program of China (2017YFD0501200, 2018YFD0502305); NBCIS (CARS-37); ASTIP (CAAS-ASTIP-2016-LVRI); Jiangsu Co-innovation Center programme for Prevention and Control of Important Animal Infectious Disease and Zoonose.

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Correspondence to Jianxun Luo.

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Sun, M., Guan, G., Liu, Z. et al. Molecular Survey and Genetic Diversity of Babesia spp. and Theileria spp. in Cattle in Gansu Province, China. Acta Parasit. 65, 422–429 (2020). https://doi.org/10.2478/s11686-020-00179-1

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Keywords

  • Molecular survey
  • Babesia spp.
  • Theileria spp.
  • 18S rRNA
  • PCR