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Acta Parasitologica

, Volume 64, Issue 4, pp 938–941 | Cite as

Massive Taenia hydatigena Cysticercosis in a Wild Boar (Sus scrofa) from Italy

  • Giovanni Sgroi
  • Antonio Varcasia
  • Giorgia Dessì
  • Nicola D’Alessio
  • Laura Pacifico
  • Francesco Buono
  • Benedetto Neola
  • Giovanna Fusco
  • Mario Santoro
  • Valerio Toscano
  • Alessandro Fioretti
  • Vincenzo VenezianoEmail author
Short Communication
  • 31 Downloads

Abstract

Purpose

Taenia hydatigena cysticercosis, due to Cysticercus tenuicollis, is a parasitic disease infecting domestic and wild animals worldwide causing economic and productive losses. Nonetheless, little attention has been paid to the role of the wild ungulates in the epidemiology of this disease. In the last years, the increasing population of wild boars in Europe has raised the attention of researchers on their role in the spreading of several infections, including those caused by cestodes. Herein, we report the description of a massive infection due to T. hydatigena cysticercosis in a wild boar from southern Italy.

Methods

An adult female boar was examined during the hunting season 2018 within the regional project “Piano Emergenza Cinghiali in Campania”. A complete necropsy was performed on the boar carcass and all viscera were examined to determine number and location of the cysts. Morphological and molecular analyses of the cysts were performed to confirm the C. tenuicollis identity.

Results

The boar examined has revealed an impressive massive infection with 265 cysts. Measurements of the large and small larval hooks showed a mean of length as 200.3 µm and 136.8 µm, respectively. Molecular analysis of Cox1 and ND1 mitochondrial genes confirmed the C. tenuicollis identity.

Conclusions

Our findings suggest that wild boar could be involved in the epidemiology of T. hydatigena, due to the significant amount of boar raw offal available to definitive hosts (i.e., hunting dogs, foxes and wolves), during the hunting seasons.

Keywords

Taenia hydatigena Cysticercus tenuicollis Cysticercosis Wild boar Italy 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors wish to thank Prof. David Modrý for the critical comments and for the revision of the manuscript.

Funding

The study was supported by the grant from Regione Campania UOD Prevenzione e Sanità Pubblica Veterinaria, Piano Emergenza Cinghiali (PECC 2016-2019) and by the grant from the Ministry of Health of the Italian Republic (IZS ME 04/18 RC).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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Copyright information

© Witold Stefański Institute of Parasitology, Polish Academy of Sciences 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Giovanni Sgroi
    • 1
  • Antonio Varcasia
    • 2
  • Giorgia Dessì
    • 2
  • Nicola D’Alessio
    • 3
  • Laura Pacifico
    • 1
  • Francesco Buono
    • 1
  • Benedetto Neola
    • 3
  • Giovanna Fusco
    • 3
  • Mario Santoro
    • 3
  • Valerio Toscano
    • 4
  • Alessandro Fioretti
    • 1
  • Vincenzo Veneziano
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Veterinary Medicine and Animal ProductionsUniversity of Naples Federico IINaplesItaly
  2. 2.Department of Veterinary MedicineUniversity of SassariSassariItaly
  3. 3.Istituto Zooprofilattico Sperimentale del MezzogiornoPorticiItaly
  4. 4.Regional Reference Center of Urban Veterinary Hygiene (CRIUV)NaplesItaly

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