Acta Parasitologica

, Volume 64, Issue 3, pp 603–611 | Cite as

Monogenoidea (Dactylogyridae, Gyrodactylidae) from Red River Pupfish, Cyprinodon rubrofluviatilis (Cyprinodontiformes: Cyprinodontidae), from Kansas and Texas, USA

  • Chris T. McAllisterEmail author
  • Donald G. Cloutman
  • Henry W. Robison
  • David A. Neely
Original Paper



The gills of Red River Pupfish (Cyprinodon rubrofluviatilis) collected from Kansas and Texas, U.S.A., were found to be infected with three monogenoideans, Fundulotrema prolongis, Gyrodactylus rubrofluviatilae n. sp., and a species of Salsuginus.


Gyrodactylus rubrofluviatilae n. sp. appears to be a member of a group of six closely related species possessing hamuli with mesially folded roots and a linguiform ventral bar shield, and parasitizing closely related species of Cyprinodon of the North American Gulf Coast and inland waters of the Southwestern United States and northern México. Gyrodactylus rubrofluviatilae n. sp. differs from its close congeners in the morphology of the hamuli, ventral bar, ventral bar shield, and marginal hooks. Because the morphology of the male copulatory complex was not determined of what we believe will eventually be a new species of Salsuginus, a species description is deferred. This is the first report of any parasite from this host.


Many North American species currently recognized within the Cyprinodontiformes have not yet been surveyed for species of Fundulotrema, Gyrodactylus, or Salsuginus. This, coupled with the high host specificity generally recognized for these monogeneans, portends there are likely additional new species yet to be discovered. When possible, to help augment morphological data, further studies should employ comprehensive intra- and interspecies molecular analyses to help resolve host–parasite phylogenies.


Cyprinodon rubrofluviatilis Fundulotrema prolongis Gyrodactylus rubrofluviatilae Monogenoidea Red River Pupfish Salsuginus Texas 



We thank the Texas Parks and Wildlife Department for providing a scientific collecting permit to CTM; Dr. Kevin Conway, Kole Kubicek and Amanda Pinion (Texas A &M University, College Station, Texas, USA) and Uland Thomas (Chicago, Illinois, USA) for assistance with collecting; and Drs. Scott L. Gardner (HWML) and Jonathan W. Armbruster (AUM) for expert curatorial assistance. Andrew Bentley (KU) loaned host specimens from the Cimarron River. Dr. Bill Stark, Brian Serpan, and Andrew Karlin (Fort Hays State University, Hays, Kansas, USA) provided lab equipment and assistance for taking digital images.


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Copyright information

© Witold Stefański Institute of Parasitology, Polish Academy of Sciences 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Chris T. McAllister
    • 1
    Email author
  • Donald G. Cloutman
    • 2
  • Henry W. Robison
    • 3
  • David A. Neely
    • 4
  1. 1.Science and Mathematics DivisionEastern Oklahoma State CollegeIdabelUSA
  2. 2.BurdettUSA
  3. 3.SherwoodUSA
  4. 4.Tennessee Aquarium Conservation InstituteChattanoogaUSA

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