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Acta Parasitologica

, Volume 64, Issue 3, pp 479–488 | Cite as

Interannual and Seasonal Variation in Protozoan and Metazoan Parasite Communities of Hemibrycon surinamensis, a Characid Fish Inhabiting the Brazilian Amazon

  • Érico de Melo Hoshino
  • Marcos Tavares-DiasEmail author
Original Paper
  • 25 Downloads

Abstract

Introduction

Few studies on the effects of rainy/dry cycle and interannual variation in parasites of Amazonian fish have been carried out. We investigated the influence of interannual variation and seasonality on the community structure and infracommunities of parasites in Hemibrycon surinamensis in a tributary of the Amazon River, in northern Brazil.

Materials and methods

The fish were examined for the presence of ectoparasites and endoparasites.

Results

In 2011, 9 parasite species were found (2 Protozoa, 2 Monogenea, 1 Digenea, 2 Nematoda and 2 Crustacea), and in 2016, 10 parasite species (3 Protozoa, 2 Monogenea, 1 Digenea, 3 Nematoda and 1 Pentastomida). No qualitative or quantitative dissimilarity in the component communities of parasites was observed between 2011 and 2016, but Brillouin Diversity Index, species richness and evenness were higher in 2016, while Berger–Parker dominance was higher in 2011. In both years, Ichthyophthirius multifiliis and Piscinoodinium pillulare were predominated. Some few species of parasites had interannual (P. pillulare and Genarchella genarchella) and seasonal (Trichodina sp., I. multifiliis, P. pillulare and J. hexops) variation patterns. Species richness of parasites was higher in the dry season, but Brillouin diversity, evenness and Berger–Parker dominance were similar between the seasons. Such seasonal variations were due to the host’s the availability of infectious stages of parasites with direct life cycle.

Conclusions

Variations due to seasonal dry/rainy cycle, which influenced the availability of infective stages of parasites, and host size are the factors causing the changes interannual.

Keywords

Diversity Freshwater fish Parasites Seasonality 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors thank the Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq, Brazil) for the productivity research Grant awarded to M. Tavares-Dias (# 303013/2015-0).

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Copyright information

© Witold Stefański Institute of Parasitology, Polish Academy of Sciences 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Postgraduate Program on Biodiversity (PPGBIO)Federal University of Amapá (UNIFAP)MacapáBrazil
  2. 2.Embrapa AmapáMacapáBrazil

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