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Acta Parasitologica

, Volume 59, Issue 1, pp 173–183 | Cite as

Parasites of the head of Scomber colias (Osteichthyes: Scombridae) from the western Mediterranean Sea

  • Salvatore Mele
  • Maria Grazia Pennino
  • Maria Cristina Piras
  • José María Bellido
  • Giovanni Garippa
  • Paolo Merella
Research Note

Abstract

The metazoan parasite assemblage of the head of 30 specimens of the Atlantic chub mackerel (Scomber colias) from the western Mediterranean Sea was analysed. Eight species of parasites were found, four mazocraeid monogeneans: Grubea cochlear (prevalence = 10%), Kuhnia scombercolias (59%), K. scombri (52%), Pseudokuhnia minor (86%); three didymozoid trematodes: Nematobothrium cf. faciale (21%), N. filiforme (41%), N. scombri (7%); and one laerneopodid copepod: Clavelissa scombri (7%). Results were compared with previously published data from 14 localities of the eastern Mediterranean Sea and the Atlantic Ocean, using non-parametric univariate and multivariate analyses, and the whole parasite fauna of S. colias was compared with that of the congeners (S. australasicus, S. japonicus and S. scombrus). Parasites showed to reflect the biogeographical and phylogenetic history of host. From a methodological point of view, the use of both non-parametric univariate and multivariate techniques proved to be effective tools to detect dissimilarities between parasite assemblages.

Keywords

Didymozoidae Lernaeopodidae Mazocraeidae Scomber colias Mediterranean Sea Sardinia 

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Copyright information

© Versita Warsaw and Springer-Verlag Wien 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Salvatore Mele
    • 1
  • Maria Grazia Pennino
    • 2
  • Maria Cristina Piras
    • 1
  • José María Bellido
    • 2
  • Giovanni Garippa
    • 1
  • Paolo Merella
    • 1
  1. 1.Parassitologia e Malattie Parassitarie, Dipartimento di Medicina VeterinariaUniversità di SassariSassariItaly
  2. 2.Instituto Español de OceanografíaCentro Oceanográfico de MurciaSan Pedro del PinatarSpain

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