Acta Parasitologica

, Volume 58, Issue 4, pp 531–540 | Cite as

Parasites of juvenile golden grey mullet Liza aurata Risso, 1810 in Sarıkum Lagoon Lake at Sinop, Turkey

  • Türkay Öztürk
Original Paper


Juvenile golden grey mullet, Liza aurata were collected from Sarıkum Lagoon Lake which connected to the Black Sea at Sinop, Turkey and examined for parasitic fauna. A total of 219 fish were investigated throughout a 1-year period. Parasite species recovered were Trichodina lepsii, T. puytoraci, Gyrodactylus sp., Ligophorus cephali, Ligophorus mediterraneus, Solostamenides mugilis, Ascocotyle sp. (metacercaria) and Ergasilus lizae. Overall infection prevalence (%) and mean intensity values were 95.9% and 412.65 ± 85.31 parasites per infected fish, respectively. Infection prevalence and mean intensity values for each parasite species in relation to season and fish size were also determined and discussed. While Ligophorus cephali and L. mediterraneus are new records for Turkish parasite fauna, the juvenile Liza aurata is a new host record for Ligophorus cephali and L. mediterraneus.


Golden grey mullet Liza aurata parasitic fauna 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Altunel F.N. 1983. Kefal balıklarında parazitizm. I. Ulusal deniz ve tatlısu araştırmaları kongresi, Urla. Ege üniversitesi Fen Fakültesi Dergisi, 1(B), 364–378 (in Turkish).Google Scholar
  2. Belofastova I.P. 2005. On the finds of the cystacanth of the Southwellina hispida (Acanthocephala, Polymorphidae) is be found in the Black Sea golden mullet Liza aurata. Vestnik Zoologii, 39, 85–87.Google Scholar
  3. Ben-Hassine O.K., Raibaut A. 1981. Realisation experimentale du cycle evolutif de Ergasilus lizae Krøyer, 1863, Copépode parasite de Poissons Mugilides. (Experimental realization of the life cycle of Ergasilus lizae Kroyer, 1853, parasitic Copepoda of the fish Mugilidae). Premiers resultats de l’infestation. Archives de l’Institut Pasteur, Tunis, 58, 423–430.Google Scholar
  4. Bunkley-Williams L., Williams E.H. 1994. Parasites of Puerto Rican Freshwater Sport Fishes. Department of Marinw Sciences, University of Puerto Rico, Lajas, Puerto Rico, 155 pp.Google Scholar
  5. Bush A.O., Lafferty K.D., Lotz J.M, Shostak A.W., 1997. Parasitology Meets Ecology On its own terms: Margolis et al. revisited. Journal of Parasitology, 65, 667–669.Google Scholar
  6. Bykovskaya-Pavlovskaya I.E., Gusev A.V., Dubinina N.A., Izyumova T.S., Smirnova I.L., Sokolovskaya G.A., Shtein G.A., Shulman S.S., Epshtein V.M. 1964. Key to parasites of freshwater fish of the U.S.S.R. Part I, Translated by Israel Program for Scientific Translations, Jerusalem, pp. 180–218.Google Scholar
  7. Caillot C., Morand S., Muller-Graf C.M., Faliex E., Marchand B. 1999. Parasites of Dicentrarchus labrax, Anguilla anguilla and Mugil cephalus from a pond in Corsica, France. Journal of the Helminthological Society of Washington, 66, 95–98.Google Scholar
  8. Chernyshenko A. S.1949. New parasites of fish in the Black Sea, Trudy Odesskogo Gosud. Universiteta. Vestnik Zoologii, 4, 79–91 (In Ukrainian).Google Scholar
  9. Coleman F.C., Travis J. 1998. Phenology of recruitment and infection patterns of Ascocotyle pachycystis, a digenean parasite in the sheepshead minnow, Cyprinodon variegatus. Environmental Biology of Fishes, 51, 87–96.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Conroy G., Conroy D.A. 1986. The salinity tolerance of Ergasilus lizae from silver mullet (Mugil curema Val., 1836). Bulletin European Association of Fish Pathology, 6, 108–109.Google Scholar
  11. Dmitrieva E.V. 1996. [Fauna of Monogenea of the Far-East Mugil soiuy in the Black Sea.] Vestnik Zoologii, 4–5, 95–97 (In Russian).Google Scholar
  12. Dmitrieva E.V., Gaevskaya A.V. 2001. Parasitological aspects of mugilids mariculture and of their introduction in to the Sea of Azov and the Black sea. Экология моря, 55, 73–78 (In Russian).Google Scholar
  13. Dmitrieva E., Pronkina N., Machkevskiy V., Belofastova I. 2005. Helminthes fauna of fry of Liza aurata and L. saliens (Mugilidae) off the Crimea. Vestnik Zoologii, 1(suppl. 19), 106–109. (In Russian).Google Scholar
  14. Dmitrieva E.V., Gerasev P.I., Merella P., Pugachev O.N. 2009a. Redescriptions of Ligophorus cephali Rubtsova, Balbuena, Sarabeev, Blasco-Costa et Euzet, 2006 and L. chabaudi Euzet et Suriano, 1977 (Monogenea: Ancyrocephalidae), with notes on the functional morphology of copulatory organ. Systematic Parasitology, 73, 175–191. DOI: 10.1007/s11230-009-9192-8.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Dmitrieva E.V., Gerasev P.I., Merella P., Pugachev O.N. 2009b. Redescriptions of Ligophorus mediterraneus Sarabeev, Balbuena et Euzet, 2005 (Monogenea: Ancyrocephalidae), with methodological notes. Systematic Parasitology, 73, 95–105. DOI: 10.1007/s11230-009-9177-7.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. El-Hafidi F., Berrada-Rkhami O., Benazzou T., Gabrion C. 1998. Microhabitat distribution and coexistence of Microcotylidae (Monogenea) on the gills of the striped mullet Mugil cephalus: chance or competition. Parasitology Research, 84, 315–320.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. El-Rashidy H., Boxshall G.A. 1999. Ergasilid copepods (Poecilostomatoida) from the gills of primitive Mugilidae (grey mullets). Systematic Parasitology, 42, 161–186.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Elsheikha H.M., Elshazly A.M., 2008. Host-dependent variations in the seasonal prevalence and intensity of heterophyid encysted metacercariae (Digenea: Heterophyidea) in brackish water fish in Egypt. Veterinary Parasitology, 153, 65–72. DOI: 10.1016/j.vetpar.2008.01.026.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Euzet L., Suriano D.M., 1977. Ligophorus n. g. (Monogenea, Ancyrocephalidae) parasite des Mugilidae (Teleosteen) en Mediterranee. Bulletin du Museum National d’Histoire Naturelle, 3e Serie, Zoologie, 472, 799–821.Google Scholar
  20. Fuentes J.L., Nasır P. 1990. Description and ecology of Ligophorus mugilinus (Hargis, 1955) Euzet et Suriano, 1977 (Monogenea: Ancyrocephalinae) in Mugil curema (Val. 1936) Margarita of Island, Venezuela. Scientia Marina, 54, 187–193.Google Scholar
  21. Garcia J.R., Williams E.H. 1985. Temporal dynamics of metazoan parasite infections in the white mullet Mugil curema Valenciennes from Joyuda Lagoon, Puerto Rico. Caribbean Journal of Science, 21, 39–53.Google Scholar
  22. Grupcheva G., Lom J., Dykova I., 1989. Trichodinids (Ciliata: Urceolariidae) from gills of some marine fishes with the description of Trichodina zaikai sp.n. Folia Parasitologica, 36, 193–207.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  23. Gusev A.V. 1983. Methods for collection and preparation of monogeneans parasitizing fish. Nauka, Leningrad, USSR, 46 p. [In Russian.]Google Scholar
  24. Johnson S.K., Rogers W.A. 1973. Distriburion of the genus Ergasilus in several Culf of Mexico drainage basins. Agriculture Exp. Stat. (Auburn Univ.). Bull., 445, l–74.Google Scholar
  25. Kabata Z. 1992. Copepoda parasitic on Australian fishes, XV. Family Ergasilidae (Poecilostomatoida). Journal of Natural History, 26, 47–66.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Keser R., Bray R.A., Oguz M.C., Çlen S., Erdoğan S., Doğuturk S., Aklanoğlu G., Martı B. 2007. Helminth parasites of digestive tract of some teleost fish caught in the Dardanelles at Çanakkale, Turkey. Helminthologia, 44, 217–221. DOI:10.2478/s11687-007-0035-3.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Knoff M., Luque J.L., Takemoto R.M. 1994. Parasitic copepods on Mugil platanus Günther (Osteichthyes; Mugilidae) from the coast of the state of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Brazilian Journal of Veterinary Parasitology, 3, 45–56.Google Scholar
  28. Kovaleva A. A., Donets Z. S., Kolesnikova M. G. 1989. New Myxosporea Species (Cnidospora) from the Black Sea Fishes. Vestnik Zoologii, 5, 75–79 (In Russian).Google Scholar
  29. Lom J. 1962. Trichodinid ciliates from fishes of the Rumanian Black Sea coast. Parasitology, 52, 49–61.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Lom J., Dykova L. 1992. Protozoan parasites of fish. (Developments in Aquaculture and Fisheries Science, 26). Elseiver Science Publishers, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, 315 pp.Google Scholar
  31. Malmberg G. 1970. The excretory systems and the marginal hooks as a basis fort he systematics of Gyrodactylus (Trematoda, Monogenea). Arkiv for Zoologi, 23, 1–235.Google Scholar
  32. Marcotegui P.S., Martorelli R.S. 2009. Trichodinids (Ciliophora: Peritrichida) of Mugil platanus (Mugiliformes: Mugilidae) and Micropogonias furnieri (Perciformes: Sciaenidae) from Samborombón Bay, Argentina, with the description of a new species. Folia Parasitologica (Praha), 56, 167–172.Google Scholar
  33. Mariniello L., Ortis M., D’amelio S., Petrarca, V. 2004. Morphometric variability between and within species of Ligophorus Euzet & Suriano, 1977 (Monogenea: Ancyrocephalidae) in the Mediterranean Sea. Systematic Parasitology, 57, 183–190.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Merella P., Garippa G. 2001. Metazoan parasites of grey mullets (Teleostea: Mugilidae) from the Mistras Lagoon (Sardina, Western Mediterranean). Scientia Marina, 65, 201–206.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Miroshnichenko A.I., Maltsev, V.N. 1998. [Monogenean fauna of the golden grey and striped mullet in the Azov Sea]. In: [Problems in flatworm systematics and phylogeny. Abstracts of the Conference dedicated ninetieth birthday of acad. B. E. Bychowsky. St. Petersburg, 3–5 November 1998]. Zoological Institute of the RAS, St. Petersburg, pp. 68–69 (In Russian).Google Scholar
  36. Oldewage W.H., Van As, J.G. 1988. Two new species of Ergasilidae (Copepoda: Poecilostomatoida) parasitic on Mugil cephalus L. from southern Africa. Hydrobiologia, 162, 135–139.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Ogut H., Palm H.W. 2005. Seasonal dynamics of Trichodina spp. on whiting (Merlangius merlangus) in relation to organic pollution on the eastern Black Sea coast of Turkey. Parasitology Research, 96, 149–153.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Ogut H., Akyol A. 2007. Prevalence and intensity of ectoparasites in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) from larvae stage to market size in Turkey. Israeli Journal of Aquaculture — Bamidgeh, 59, 23–31.Google Scholar
  39. Osmanov S. U. 1940. Materials on the parasite fauna of fish in the Black Sea, Uchenie zapiski Leningradskogo universiteta. Vestnik zoologii, 30, 189–264 (In Russian).Google Scholar
  40. Özer A. 2003a. The occurrence of Trichodina domerguei Wallengren, 1897 and Trichodina tenuidens Faure-Fremiet, 1944 (Peritrichia) on three-spined stickleback, Gasterosteus aculeatus L., 1857 found in a brackish and freshwater environment. Acta Protozoologica, 42, 41–46.Google Scholar
  41. Özer A. 2003b. Trichodina domerguei Wallengren, 1897 (Ciliophora: Peritrichia) infestations on the round goby, Neogobius melanostomus Pallas, 1811 in relation to seasonality and host factors. Comparative Parasitology, 70, 132–135.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Özer A., Öztürk T. 2004. Trichodina puytoraci Lom, 1962 and Trichodina lepsii Lom, 1962 (Peritrichida: Ciliophora) infestations on mugilids caught at the Black Sea Coast of Sinop in Turkey. Turkish Journal of Zoology, 28, 179–182.Google Scholar
  43. Öztürk M.O., Aydoğdu A. 2003. [Metazoan parasites of grey mullet (Mugit cephalus L.) from Karacabey Bayramdere Lagoon]. Karacabey Bayramdere Dalyanı’ndaki kefal balıkları. (Mugil cephalus L.)’nda belirlenen metazoon parazitler. Ankara üniversitesi Vet Fak Dergisi, 50, 53–58 (in Turkish).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Öztürk T., Özer, A. 2010. The occurrence of epizoic ciliates (Protozoa: Ciliophora) of the juvenile flounder, Platichthys flesus L., 1758, from Sarıkum Lagoon Lake (Sinop, Turkey). Turkish Journal of Zoolology, 34, 321–332.Google Scholar
  45. Palm H.W., Dobberstein R. 1999. Occurrence of trichodinid ciliates (Peritricha: Urceolariidae) in the Kiel Fjord, Baltic Sea, and its possible use as a biological indicator. Parasitology Research, 85, 726–732.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Pankov P. 2011. Helmints and helmint communities in Mullets from the Bulgarian Black Sea coast. PhD thesis, Institute of Biodiversity and Ecosystem Research, Bulgarian Academy of Science (abstract).Google Scholar
  47. Paperna I. 1975. Parasites and diseases of the grey mullet (Mugilidae), with special reference to the seas of the Near East. Aquaculture, 5, 65–80.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Paperna I., Overstreet R.M. 1981. Parasites and diseases of rnullets (Mugilidae). in „Aquaculture of Grey Mullets“ (Editor O.H. Oren). Cambridge University Press, London, pp. 411–493.Google Scholar
  49. Pronkina N.V. 2001. Characters of formation of Liza aurata (Risso) fry helminth fauna from the Black Sea. Marine Ecology, 58, 50–52 (In Russian).Google Scholar
  50. Pronkina N.V., Belofastova I.P. 2005. New data about nematodes of the Black Sea golden grey mullet Liza aurata (Pisces: Mugilidae). Marine Ecology, 68, 77–82 (In Russian).Google Scholar
  51. Radujkovic B.M. 1982. Parasitofaune de muges de l’Adriatique (Chelon labrosus Risso, Liza aurata Risso, Liza saliens Risso) et son influence sur la condition des hôtes. Rapport de la Commission Internationale sur le Méditerranée, 28, 1–10.Google Scholar
  52. Radujkovic B.M., Raibaut A. 1989. Parasites poissons marine du Montenegra: Copepodas. Acta Adriatica, 30, 237–278.Google Scholar
  53. Ragias V., Athanassopoulou F., Sinis A. 2005. Parasites of Mugilidae spp. reared under semi-intensive and intensive conditions in Greece. Bulletin European Association of Fish Pathology, 25, 107–115.Google Scholar
  54. Reshetnikova A.V. 1955. Parasite fauna of the Black Sea mullets. Trudy Karadagskoi Biologicheskoi stantsii [Proceedings of the Karadag Biological Station], 13, 71–95 (In Russian).Google Scholar
  55. Rubtsova N.Y., Balbuena J.A., Sarabeev V.L., Blasco-Costa I., Euzet L. 2006. Description and morphometrical variability of a new species of Ligophorus and of Ligophorus chabaudi (Monogenea: Dactylogyridae) on Mugil cephalus (Teleostei) from the mediterranean Basin. Journal of Parasitology, 92, 486–495.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. Sarabeev V.L., Balbuena J.A., Euzet L. 2005. Taxonomic status of Ligophorus mugilinus (Hargis, 1955) (Monogenea: Ancyrocephalidae), with a description of a new species of Ligophorus from Mugil cephalus (Teleostei: Mugilidae) in the Mediterranean basin. Journal of Parasitology, 91, 1444–1451.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. Solonchenko A.I., Tkachuk L.P. 1985. Helminth infection of mullets from Azov-Black Sea basin. Ekologiya Morya, 20, 39–43 (In Russian).Google Scholar
  58. Yemmen C., Ktari M.H., Bahri S. 2012. Seasonality and histopathology of Trichodina puytoraci Lom, 1962, a parasite of flathead mullet (Mugil cephalus) from Tunisia. Acta Adriatica, 52, 15–20.Google Scholar
  59. Yurakhno V. M. 1993. New data on the fauna of myxosporidians from fishes of the Black Sea. Parasitologiya, 27, 320–326 (In Russian).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Versita Warsaw and Springer-Verlag Wien 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Fisheries and Aquatic SciencesSinop UniversitySinopTurkey

Personalised recommendations