Acta Parasitologica

, Volume 58, Issue 4, pp 527–530 | Cite as

Prevalence of subclinical coccidiosis in river buffalo calves of southwest of Iran

  • Somayeh Bahrami
  • Ali Reza Alborzi
Original Paper


Despite the importance of buffalo farming in Iran, little is known in this country about the abundance and distribution of Eimeria spp. in the animal species. The present study was designed to investigate the prevalence and species characterization of Eimeria oocysts in river buffalo calves of Khuzestan province, southwest of Iran. Of the total 108 fecal samples examined for Eimeria, 108 (100%) were found infected with 11 species of the parasite. Among the identified species of Eimeria, E. bovis was found to be the predominant etiological agent (76.85%), followed in order by E. canadensis (62.96%), E. zuernii (47.2%), E. ellipsoidalis (26.85%), E. subspherica (25.92%), E. brasiliensis (19.4%), E. auburnensis (18.51%), E. alabamensis (14.81%), E. pellita (11.1%), E. illinoisensis (5.5%) and E. bukidnonensis (2.7%). In most calves multiple infections with three species were present. While, 20.7% of calves showed heavy infection, 50.4 and 24.8% of calves showed weak and moderate infection, respectively. There was no significant difference in the OPG values between the calves of different localities. There was also no significant difference between the prevalence rate of infection in males and females. A total of 16.6% of all faecal samples were found to be diarrheic. A highly significant relationship could be identified between the occurrence of diarrhea and the level of E. bovis and E. zuernii oocysts excretion. Considering the pervasive occurrence and negative effects of the infection on the health condition and the growth performance of buffalo calves, infections should receive increased attention by both farmers and veterinarians.


Coccidiosis Eimeria oocyst Buffalo calves 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Abebe R., Wossene A., Kumsa B. 2008. Epidemiology of Eimeria infections in calves in Addis Ababa and DebreZeit dairy farms, Ethiopia. International Journal of Applied Research in Veterinary Medicine, 6, 24–30.Google Scholar
  2. Ahmed M.W., Soad E.H. 2007. Applied studies on coccidiosis in growing buffalo calves with special reference to Oxidant/Antioxidant Status World. Journal of Zoology, 2, 40–48.Google Scholar
  3. Cicek H., Sevimli F., Kozan E., Köse M., Eser M., Doğan N. 2007. Prevalence of coccidia in beef cattle in western Turkey. Parasitology Research, 101, 1239–1243. DOI: 10.1007/s00436-007-0627-3.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Daugschies A., Najdrowski M. 2005. Eimeriosis in cattle: current understanding. Journal of Veterinary Medicine B, Infectious Disease and Veterinary Public Health, 52, 417–427. DOI: 10.1111/j.1439-0450.2005.00894.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Eckert J., Taylor M., Catchpole J., Licois D., Coudert P., Bucklar H. 1995. Morphological characteristics of oocysts. In: Eckert J., Braun R., Shirley M.W., Coudert P. (Eds). Biotechnology guidelines on techniques in coccidiosis research, European Commission, Luxembourg.Google Scholar
  6. Ernst J.V., Benz G.W. 1981. Coccidiosis. In: Ristic M., McIntyre I. (Eds.). Diseases of Cattle in the Tropics, Martinus Nijhoff, The Hague, Netherlands.Google Scholar
  7. Farkas R., Szeidemann Z., Majoros G. 2007. Studies on coccidiosis of calves in Hungarian dairy farms. Parasitology Research, 101, 113–120. DOI: 10.1007/s00436-007-0618-4.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Fitzgerald P.R. 1980. The economic impact of coccidiosis in domestic animals. Advances in Veterinary Science and Comparative Medicine, 24, 121–143.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. Fox J.E. 1985. Coccidiosis in cattle. Modern Veterinary Practice, 66, 113–116.Google Scholar
  10. Friend S.C.E., Stockdale P.H.G. 1980. Experimental Eimeria bovis infection in calves. A histopathological study. Canadian Journal of Comparative Medicine, 44, 129–140.PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  11. Hayat C.S., Ruknudin A., Hayat B., Akhtar M. 1994. Prevalence of coccidiosis in cattle and buffaloes with emphasis on age, breed, sex, season and management. Pakistan Veterinary Journal, 14, 214–217.Google Scholar
  12. Harper C.G., Makatouni A. 2002. Consumer perception of organic food production and farm animal welfare. British Food Journal, 104, 287–299. DOI: 10.1108/00070700210425723.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Hoblet K.H., Shulaw W.P., Saif L.J., Weisbrode S.E., Lance S.E., Howard R.R., Angrick E.J., Redman D.R. 1992. Concurrent experimentally induced infection with Eimeria bovis and coronavirus unweaned dairy calves. American Journal of Veterinary Research, 53, 1400–1407.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  14. Koutny H., Joachim A., Tichy A., Baumgartner W. 2012. Bovine Eimeria species in Austria. Parasitology Research, 110, 1893–1901. DOI: 10.1007/s00436-011-2715-7.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Levine N.D. 1985. Veterinary Protozoology, Iowa State University Press, Ames, IA.Google Scholar
  16. Munyua W.K., Ngotho J.W. 1990. Prevalence of Eimeria species in cattle in Kenya. Veterinary Parasitology, 35, 163–168. DOI: 10.1016/0304-4017(90)90126.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Niilo L. 1970. Bovine coccidiosis in Canada. Canadian Veterinary Journal, 11, 91–98.Google Scholar
  18. Parker R.J., Jones G.W. 1987. The development of Eimerian infections during the first eight months of life in unweaned beef calves in adry tropical region of Australia. Veterinary Parasitology, 25, 1–7.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Priti M., Sinha S.R.P., Sucheta S., Verma S.B., Sharma S.K., Mandal K.G. 2008. Prevalence of bovine coccidiosis at Patna. Journal of Veterinary Parasitology, 22, 5–12.Google Scholar
  20. Rehman T.U., Khan M.N., Khan I.A., Ahmad M. 2011. Epidemiology and economic benefits of treating goat coccidiosis. Pakistan Veterinary Journal, 31, 227–230.Google Scholar
  21. Soulsby E.J.L. 1986. Helminth, arthropods and protozoa of domesticated animals, 7th edn, Baillier, London.Google Scholar
  22. Taheri Dezfuli B., Nejati Javaremi A., Abbasi M.A., Fayazi J., Chamani M. 2011. Economic weights of milk production traits for buffalo herds in the southwest of Iran using profit equation. World Applied Sciences Journal, 15, 1604–1613.Google Scholar
  23. Waruiru R.M., Kyvsgaard N.C., Thamsborg S.M., Nansen P., Bøgh H.O., Munyua W.K., Gathuma J.M. 2000. The prevalence and intensity of helminth and coccidial infections in dairy cattle in central Kenya. Veterinary Research Communication, 24, 39–53.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Versita Warsaw and Springer-Verlag Wien 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Parasitology, Faculty of Veterinary MedicineShahid Chamran University of AhvazAhvazIran

Personalised recommendations