Acta Parasitologica

, Volume 58, Issue 4, pp 486–495 | Cite as

Parasitism of Odonata by Arrenurus (Acari: Hydrachnidia) larvae in the Lake Świdwie, nature reserve (NW Poland)

Original Paper
  • 96 Downloads

Abstract

Larvae of a vast majority of water mite species are parasites of aquatic insects. Owing to this, they migrate to new localities, and are able to survive unfavourable environmental conditions. This also concerns species from subgenus Arrenurus s. str., parasites of dragonflies. The detailed analysis of this phenomenon, however, has only been possible in the last several years, since the key to the identification of larvae from genus Arrenurus Dug. was published. In 2010, the parasitism of Arrenurus s. str. larvae on dragonflies in the Lake Świdwie reserve (NW Poland) was analysed. Larvae of 9 species of water mites were recorded on 107 imagines of dragonflies from 8 species. The following were identified as hosts of water mites for the first time: Anax imperator, Libellula quadrimaculata, and Leucorrhinia caudalis. The highest prevalence occurred in the case of: Erythromma najas and Lestes dryas (100%), Coenagrion pulchellum (96.5%), and C. puella (80.0%). Coenagrion pulchellum was infested by 9 species of parasites, C. puella by 6, and Erythromma najas and Lestes dryas by three species. The highest number of host species occurred in the case of Arrenurus maculator (5); followed by A. cuspidator, A. batillifer cf., A. bicuspidator, and A. tetracyphus (3 each); A. papillator, A. tricuspidator, and A. bruzelii (2 each), and A. claviger (1). Differentiation of preferences of particular parasites towards various parts of the host body was observed, probably related to the coevolution of parasites and hosts, and competition between the host species. The body sizes of the parasites suggest that approximately 50% of body size growth of water mites from subgenus Arrenurus s. str. occurs at the stage of parasitic larva.

Keywords

Odonata dragonflies damselflies Hydrachnidia water mites Arrenurus parasitism 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Åbro A. 1990. The impact of parasites in adult populations of Zygoptera. Odonatologica, 19, 223–233.Google Scholar
  2. Baker R.A., Brett S., Morley N. 1991. Water mite larvae parasitic on insects — a study of larval structures and host relationships. In: (Eds. F. Dusbábek and V. Bukva). Modern Acarology, Vol. 1. Academia, Praha, 493–496.Google Scholar
  3. Baker R.A., Mill P.J., Zawal A. 2006. Mites on aquatic insects — studies in biodiversity and exploitation. In: (Eds. V. Pešić and S. Hadžiablahović) Proceedings of the Symposium, II International Symposium of Ecologists of Montenegro, 1–9.Google Scholar
  4. Baker R.A., Mill P.J., Zawal A. 2007. Mites on Zygoptera, with particular reference to Arrenurus species, selection sites and host preferences. Odonatologica, 36, 339–347.Google Scholar
  5. Baker R.A., Mill P.J., Zawal A. 2008. Ectoparasiting water mite larvae of the genus Arrenurus on damselfly Coenagrion puella (Linnaeus) (Zygoptera: Coenagrionidae). Odonatologica, 37, 193–202.Google Scholar
  6. Baker R.A., Zawal A. 2011. Mites on damselflies and dragonflies. Dragonfly News, 27, 22.Google Scholar
  7. Bernard R., Buczyński P., Tończyk G., Wendzonka J. 2009. A distribution atlas of dragonflies (Odonata) in Poland. Bogucki Wyd. Naukowe, Poznań, 256 pp.Google Scholar
  8. Bohonak A.J., Smith B.P., Thornton M. 2004. Distributional, morphological and genetic consequences of dispersal for temporary pond water mites. Freshwater Biology, 49, 170–180. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2426.2003.01177.x.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Buczyński P. 2012. Dragonflies (Odonata) of the left-bank Bug River valley between Włodawa and Kodeń (middle-eastern Poland). Acta Biologica, 19, 47–69.Google Scholar
  10. Buczyński P., Zawal A., Lechowski L., Stryjecki R., Pietrzak L., Buczyńska E. 2012. 8.1.2. Bezkręgowce wodne). In: (Eds. J. Herbich and M. Ciechanowski) Przyroda rezerwatu Białogóra. Fundacja Rozwoju Uniwersytetu Gdańskiego, Gdańsk.Google Scholar
  11. Buczyński P., Zawal A. 2007. Ważki (Odonata) rezerwatu „Jezioro Szare”. Parki Narodowe i Rezerwaty Przyrody, 26, 79–91.Google Scholar
  12. Buczyński P., Zawal A. 2012. Ważki (Odonata) rezerwatu przyrody „źródlisko Skrzypowe”. Parki Narodowe i Rezerwaty Przyrody, 31, 23–30.Google Scholar
  13. Cassagne-Méjean F. 1966. Contribution a l’étude des Arrenuridae (Acari, Hydrachnellae) de France. Acarologia, 8(Suppl.), 1–186.Google Scholar
  14. Cichocka M. 1995. Parasitism by Hydracarina upon aquatic Heteroptera from the group Nepomorpha in the lakes of Szczytno. Acta Parasitologica, 40, 94–99.Google Scholar
  15. Davids C. 1973. The water mite Hydrachna conjecta Koenike, 1895 (Acari, Hydrachnellae), bionomics and relation to species of Corixidae (Hemiptera). Netherlands Journal of Zoology, 23, 363–429.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Davids C. 1997. Watermijten als parasieten van libellen. Brachytron, 1, 51–55.Google Scholar
  17. Dąbkowski P., Szlauer-Łukaszewska A., Śmietana P., Janicki D., Zawal A., Kościów R., Wysocki D. 2007. Fauna jeziora Miedwie. In: (Ed. R.K. Borówka) Jezioro Miedwie i Nizina Pyrzycka. Harmonia przyrody i ludzkich marzeń. Oficyna In Plus, Szczecin, 138–175.Google Scholar
  18. Dijkstra K.-D.B. (Ed.) 2006. Field Guide to the Dragonflies of Britain and Europe. British Wildlife Publishing, Gillingham, 320 pp.Google Scholar
  19. Kulijer D., Baker R.A., Zawal A. 2012. A preliminary report on parasitism of Odonata by water mites from Bosnia and Herzegovina. Journal of the British Dragonfly Society, 28, 92–101.Google Scholar
  20. Mitchell R. 1959. Life histories and larval behaviour of arrenurid water mites parasitizing Odonata. Journal of the New York Entomological Society, 67, 1–2.Google Scholar
  21. Mitchell R. 1965. Host exploitation of two closely related water mites. Evolution, 21, 59–75. DOI: 10.2307/2406740.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Mitchell R. 1969. The use of parasitic mites to age dragonflies. American Midland Naturalist, 82, 359–366. DOI: 10.2307/2423784CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Mrowiński P., Zawal A. 2004. Wstępne rozpoznanie ważek (Odonata) Barlinecko-Gorzowskiego Parku Krajobrazowego. Parki Narodowe i Rezerwaty Przyrody, 23, 471–480.Google Scholar
  24. Münchberg P. 1935. Zur Kenntnis der Odonatenparasiten, mit ganz besonderer Berücksichtigung der Ökologie der in Europa an Libellen schmarotzenden Wassermilbenlarven. Archiv für Hydrobiologie, 29, 1–122.Google Scholar
  25. Münchberg P. 1936. Zur Morphologie der Arrenurus- und Georgella-Larven nebst Nymphen, mit besonderer Berücksichtigung der Libellenparasiten. Archiv für Naturgeschichte N. F., 5, 93–115.Google Scholar
  26. Münchberg P. 1963. Nochmals zur Biologie und Ethologie der Wassermilbe Arrenurus (A.) papillator (O. F. Müll.), zugleich kritische Bemerkungen zu einigen durch den Parasitismus der Larven der Arrenuri aufgegebenen Problemen (Acari, Hydrachnellae). Gewässer und Abwässer, 32, 44–78.Google Scholar
  27. Musiał J. 1988. Ważki (Odonata) Wolina i południowo-wschodniego Uznamu. Badania Fizjograficzne nad Polską Zachodnią, sec. C, 37, 23–46.Google Scholar
  28. Smith I.M. 1978. Descriptions and observations on host associations of larval Arrenuroidea (Prostigmata, Parasitengona), with comments on phylogeny in the superfamily. Canadian Entomologist, 110, 957–1001. DOI: 10.4039/Ent110957-9.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Stechmann D.H. 1976/77. Zur Phänologie und zum Wirtsspektrum einiger an Zygopteren (Odonata) und Nematoceren (Diptera) ektoparasitisch auftretenden Arrenurus-Arten (Hydrachnellale, Acari). Zeitschrift für Angewandte Entomologie, 82, 349–355. DOI: 10.1111/j.1439-0418.1976.tb03423.xCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Stechmann D.H. 1978. Eiablage, Parasitismus und postparasitische Entwicklung von Arrenurus-Arten (Hydrachnellae, Acari). Zeitschrift für Parasitenkunde, 57, 169–188.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Viets K. 1936. Wassermilben oder Hydracarina (Hydrachnellae und Halacaridae). In: (Ed. F. Dahl) Die Tierwelt Deutschlands und der angrenzenden Meeresteile nach ihren Merkmalen und ihrer Lebensweise. G. Fischer, Jena, 574 pp.Google Scholar
  32. Vajnštejn B.A. 1980. Opredelitel lichinok vodyanykh kleshchey. Nauka, Leningrad, 238 pp.Google Scholar
  33. Zawal A. 2002. Parasitism of water mite larvae (Hydrachnellae) of the genus Hydrachna on water beetles in Poland. Acarologia, 42, 361–370.Google Scholar
  34. Zawal A. 2003a. Parasitism of water mite larvae (Hydrachnellae) of the genus Eylais on water beetles in Poland. Acarologia, 43, 39–47.Google Scholar
  35. Zawal A. 2003b. The role of insects in the dispersion of water mites. Acta Biolocia Universitatis Daugavpilensis, 3, 9–15.Google Scholar
  36. Zawal A. 2004a. Parasitizing of dragonflies by water mite larvae of the genus Arrenurus in the neighborhood of Barlinek (NW Poland). Zoologica Poloniae, 49, 37–45.Google Scholar
  37. Zawal A. 2004b. Relacje pomiędzy larwami wodopójek z rodzaju Arrenurus a larwami ważek — foreza czy pasożytnictwo?. Acta Biologica, 11, 153–162.Google Scholar
  38. Zawal A. 2006a. Phoresy and parasitism: water mite larvae of the genus Arrenurus (Acari: Hydrachnidia) on Odonata from Lake Binowskie (NW Poland). Biological Letters, 43, 257–276.Google Scholar
  39. Zawal A. 2006b. Relationships between dragonflies and water mite larvae (Hydrachnellae) of the genus Arrenurus. In: (Eds. G. Gabryś and S. Ignatowicz) Advances in Polish Acarology — Postępy polskiej akarologii. Wyd. SGGW, Warszawa, 469–476.Google Scholar
  40. Zawal A. 2008. Morphological characteristics of water mite larvae of the genus Arrenurus Dugés, 1834, with notes on the phylogeny of the genus and an identification key. Zootaxa, 1765, 1–75.Google Scholar
  41. Zawal A., Buczyński P., Mrowiński P. 2004. Ważki (Odonata) drobnych zbiorników okolic Nowogardu (Pobrzeże Szczecińskie). Wiadomości Entomologiczne, 23, 197–213.Google Scholar
  42. Zawal A., Dyatlova E.S. 2006. Preliminary data for parasitizing on Ischnura elegans (Vander Linden, 1820) (Odonata: Coenagrionidae) by Arrenurus (Acari: Hydrachnidia) larvae from Odessa province (Southwestern Ukraine). In: (Eds. V. Pešić and S. Hadžiablahović). Proceedings of the Symposium, II International Symposium of Ecologists of Montenegro, 17–20.Google Scholar
  43. Zawal A., Dyatlova E.S. 2008. Parasitizing on damselflies (Odonata: Coenagrionidae) by water mite (Acari: Hydrachnidia) larvae from Odessa province (Southwestern Ukraine). Natura Montenegrina, 7, 453–462.Google Scholar
  44. Zawal A., Jaskuła R. 2008. First data for parasitising on Sympetrum meridionale (Sèlys) by Arrenurus (Acari: Hydrachnidia) larvae from Montenegro. Natura Montenegrina, 7, 354–359.Google Scholar
  45. Zawal A., Szlauer-Łukaszewska A. 2012. Water mite parasites (Hydrachnidia) of odonates collected during faunistic studies in the nature reserve “Jezioro Szare”(NW Poland). Odonatologica, 41, 267–275.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Versita Warsaw and Springer-Verlag Wien 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Invertebrate Zoology and LimnologyUniversity of SzczecinSzczecinPoland
  2. 2.Department of ZoologyMaria Curie-Skłodowska UniversityLublinPoland

Personalised recommendations