Follow-up study of prevalence and control of ascariasis in swine populations in Serbia
The cause of the most significant helminth diseases in swine — Ascaris suum, can also causes infections in humans. The use of swine manure in agriculture renders the eggs of this ascaridida an accessible source of infection, thus posing a significant risk factor for human health. With the objective of proving the prevalence of infection with A. suum nematodes in the territory of Serbia, investigations were carried out in the period between 2007–2011 in the territories of five districts: North Bačka, South Banat, Braničevo, Zlatibor and Nišava. The investigations covered coprological examinations of 1031 feces samples of swine originating from farms owned by individual breeders. The samples were examined using the standard flotation method with a saturated water solution of NaCl. The established prevalence of ascariasis infection amounted to 47.62% (1031/491). The biggest prevalence of infection was determined in the territory of the Braničevo District, 65.78% (301/198), and the smallest in the territory of the Nišava District, 32.24% (183/59). In spite of its prevalence and vast economic importance, there is still insufficient information about the key aspects of the biology and epidemiology of A. suum. Viewed from the aspect of epizootiology, it is very important to know the prevalence of swine infections with Ascaris because of the possible infection of humans by its migrating larvae.
KeywordsAscariasis swine humans visceral larva migrans
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- Boes J., Willingham A.L., Fuhui S., Xuguang H., Eriksen L., Nansen P., Stewart T.B. 2000. Prevalence and distribution of pig helminths in the dongting lake region (Hunan Province) of the People’s Republic of China. Journal of Helminthology, 74, 45–52. DOI: 10.1017/S0022149X00000068.PubMedGoogle Scholar
- Kassai T. (3rd Rev. Ed.), 1998. Veterinary Helminthology. Butterworth-Heinemann Ltd., Budapest, Hungary, 186-187 pp.Google Scholar
- Kim S., Maekawa Y., Matsuoka T., Imoto S., Ando K., Mita K., Kim H., Nakajima T., Ku K., Koterazawa T., Fukuda K., Yano Y., Nakaji M., Kudo M., Kim K., Hirai M., Hayashi Y. 2002. Eosinophilic pseudotumor of the liverdue to Ascaris suum infection [abstract]. Hepatology Research, 23, 306. DOI: 10.1016/S1386-6346(01)00187-5.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Luna L.A., Kyvsgaard N. 2005. Eight different species gastrointestinal parasites were identified in free roaming pigs in EL Sauce-Leon. Nicaragua. Revista Electrónica de Veterinaria, 6, 1–9.Google Scholar
- Marufu M.C., Chanayiwa P., Chimonyo M., Bhebhe E. 2008. Prevalence of gastrointestinal nematodes in Mukotapigs in a communal area of Zimbabwe. African Journal of Agricultural Research, 3, 091–095.Google Scholar
- Osoegawa M., Matsumoto S., Ochi H., Yamasaki K., Horiuchi I., Kira Y.O., Ishiwata K., Nakamura-Uchiyama F., Nawa Y. 2001. Localised myelitis caused by visceral larva migrans due to Ascaris suum masquerading as an isolated spinal cord tumour. Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery & Psychiatry, 70, 265–266. DOI: 10.1136/jnnp.70.2.265.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Roepstorff A., Nillsen O., Oksanen A., Gjerde B., Richter S.H., Ortenberg E., Christensson D., Martinsson K.B., Bartlett P.C., Nansen P., Eriksen L., Helle O., Nikander S., Larsen K. 1998. Intestinal parasites in swine in the Nordic countries: prevalence and geographical distribution. Veterinary Parasitology, 76, 305–319. DOI: 10.1016/S0304-4017(97)00223-9.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Rosypal C.A., Zajac M.A., Flick J.G., Bowman D.D., Lindsay S.D. 2011. High pressure processing treatment prevents embryonation of eggs of Trichuris vulpis and Ascaris suum and induces delay in development of eggs. Veterinary Parasitology, 181, 350–353. DOI: 10.1016/j.vetpar.2011.05.002.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Sakai S., Shida Y., Takahashi N., Yabuuchi H., Soeda H., Okafuji T., Hatakenaka M., Honda H. 2006. Pulmonary lesions associated with visceral larva migrans due to Ascaris suum or Toxocara canis: imaging of six cases. American Journal of Roentgenology, 186, 1697–1702. DOI: 10.2214/AJR.04.1507.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Sakakibara A., Baba K., Niwa S., Yagi T., Wakayama H., Yoshida K., Kobayashi T., Yokoi T., Hara K., Itoh M., Kimura E. 2002. Visceral larva migrans due to Ascaris suum which presented with eosinophilic pneumonia and multiple intra-hepatic lesions with severe eosinophil infiltration: outbreak in a Japanese area other than Kyushu. Internal Medicine, 41, 574–579. DOI: 10.2169/internalmedicine.41.574.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Tamboura H.H., Banga-Mboko H., Maes D., Youssao I., Traore A., Bayala B., Dembele M.A. 2006. Prevalence of common gastrointestinal nematode parasites in scavenging pigs of different ages and sexes in eastern centre province, Burkina Faso. Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research, 73, 53–60. DOI: 10.4102/ojvr.v73i1.169.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar