Acta Parasitologica

, Volume 57, Issue 4, pp 378–384 | Cite as

The bird ectoparasite Dermanyssus hirundinis (Acari, Mesostigmata) in the High Arctic; a new parasitic mite to Spitsbergen, Svalbard

  • Dariusz J. Gwiazdowicz
  • Stephen J. Coulson
  • John-Arvid Grytnes
  • Hanne Eik Pilskog
Article

Abstract

Ectoparasites are common on birds and in their nests. Amongst these parasites are diverse gamasid mite species that can lead to irritation, disease transmission and blood loss. Few studies of the ectoparasites of birds breeding in the High Arctic exist. The parasitic mite, Dermanyssus hirundinis, was found in nests of snow buntings Plectrophenax nivalis nivalis, both natural nests and within nesting boxes, on Spitsbergen. Densities per nest varied from sporadic to greater than 26,000 individuals. This is the northernmost observation of this parasite. The mite was present in new nests, nests constructed the previous year and nests not utilized the previous summer. The parasite survives at least 18 months without access to a blood meal and can tolerate the Arctic winter, surviving temperatures below −20°C. D. hirundinis is hence well adapted to arctic conditions. Only females were observed suggesting that this population is facultatively parthenogenetic.

Keywords

Gamasid nest snow bunting passerine 

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Copyright information

© Versita Warsaw and Springer-Verlag Wien 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Dariusz J. Gwiazdowicz
    • 1
  • Stephen J. Coulson
    • 2
  • John-Arvid Grytnes
    • 3
  • Hanne Eik Pilskog
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Forest ProtectionPoznań University of Life SciencesPoznańPoland
  2. 2.Department of Arctic BiologyUniversity Centre in SvalbardLongyearbyenNorway
  3. 3.Department of BiologyUniversity of BergenBergenNorway

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