Central European Journal of Medicine

, Volume 8, Issue 6, pp 855–860 | Cite as

Use of medications amongst older persons in Kaunas, Lithuania

  • Aurima Stankunienė
  • Mindaugas Stankunas
  • Mark Avery
  • Raimondas Radziunas
  • Joaquim F. J. Soares
  • M. Gabriella Melchiorre
  • Francisco Torres-Gonzalez
  • Algirdas Baranauskas
  • Jutta Lindert
Research Article



To evaluate the associations between socio-economical factors and the use of medications in the elderly.


The data was collected in a cross-sectional study in 2009. We received 624 completed questionnaires (response rate — 48.9%) from elderly people aged 60–84 years living in Kaunas (Lithuania). For an evaluation of the impact of explanatory variables on the analyzed events (binary dependent variable), an Enter model of logistic regression was used.


Our findings suggest that 50.8% (n=317) of respondents used at least one drug daily. 18.3% (n=114) of respondents indicated that they use medications regularly, but not on a day-by-day basis. One quarter (25.6%; n=160) used medication only on an “at need” basis. Only 5.3% (n=33) of older persons did not use any medications at all. Logistic regression showed that being male (OR=0.67; 95%CI:0.45–0.98) was associated with using medications “regularly + daily.” For the use of “daily” medications, older age (OR=1.33; 95%CI:1.15–1.53) was associated with using medications daily. An opposite association was observed for respondents having no paid work (OR=0.48; 95%CI:0.26–0.82).


Our study suggests that more than half of older persons in Lithuania use medications every day. Use was associated with socioeconomic factors (gender, age, and employment status).


Older persons Medication use Lithuania ABUEL 


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Copyright information

© Versita Warsaw and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Aurima Stankunienė
    • 1
  • Mindaugas Stankunas
    • 2
    • 3
  • Mark Avery
    • 3
  • Raimondas Radziunas
    • 1
  • Joaquim F. J. Soares
    • 4
  • M. Gabriella Melchiorre
    • 5
  • Francisco Torres-Gonzalez
    • 6
  • Algirdas Baranauskas
    • 1
  • Jutta Lindert
    • 7
    • 8
  1. 1.Department of Pharmaceutical Technology and Social PharmacyLithuanian University of Health SciencesKaunasLithuania
  2. 2.Department of Health ManagementLithuanian University of Health SciencesKaunasLithuania
  3. 3.School of MedicineGriffith UniversityGold CoastAustralia
  4. 4.Institution for Health Sciences, Department of Public Health ScienceMid Sweden UniversitySundsvallSweden
  5. 5.Scientific Technological Area, Socio Economic Research CentreItalian National Institute of Health and Science on Aging (INRCA)AnconaItaly
  6. 6.Centro de Investigación Biomedica en Red de Salud Mental” CIBERSAM-Granada UniversityGranadaSpain
  7. 7.Department of Public HealthProtestant University of Applied SciencesLudwigsburgGermany
  8. 8.Department of Psychology and SociologyUniversity of LeipzigLeipzigGermany

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