Central European Journal of Medicine

, Volume 8, Issue 6, pp 849–854 | Cite as

Drug related deaths between 2008 and 2011. A retrospective study in 32 Romanian counties

  • Dan Dermengiu
  • Sorin Hostiuc
  • Doina Radu
  • Florina Aciu
  • Gabriel Gorun
  • Vasile Astarastoae
  • Beatrice Ioan
  • Gabriela Constantinescu
  • Alexandra Enache
  • Veronica Ciocan
  • Ioan Talos
  • George Cristian Curca
Research Article
  • 68 Downloads

Abstract

The purpose of this study is to determine the pattern of drug related deaths in Romania between 2008 and 2011 by analyzing the medical-legal cases, from a significant proportion of Romanian Counties (out of 41 plus the capital), in which the direct causal link between drug overdose and death was drug related. Material and methods. 446 forensic toxicology cases were analyzed in a four year period, obtained from more than two thirds of the counties in Romania. Results. 54.26% yielded a positive toxicological analysis, most often with benzodiazepines, opiates, barbiturates and cannabinoids. Males around 31 years old represented the most affected group. Illegal drug related deaths were more frequent in males and non-illegal drug related deaths were proportionally more frequent in females. Discussions and conclusions. The pattern of consumption is similar to the one obtained by similar studies in neighboring countries. The city capital has a very distinct pattern of consumption compared to other cities/counties.

Keywords

Forensic science Forensic toxicology Drug related deaths in Romania Opiates overdose Benzodiazepines Barbiturates 

Abbreviations

DRD

drug related death

ID

illegal drugs

NID

non-illegal drugs

CNS

central nervous system

HPLC

high performance liquid cromatography

GC-MS

gas cromatography — mass-spectrometry

EMCDDA

European Monitoring Center for Drugs and Drug Addiction

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Copyright information

© Versita Warsaw and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Dan Dermengiu
    • 1
  • Sorin Hostiuc
    • 1
  • Doina Radu
    • 2
  • Florina Aciu
    • 2
  • Gabriel Gorun
    • 3
  • Vasile Astarastoae
    • 4
  • Beatrice Ioan
    • 4
  • Gabriela Constantinescu
    • 5
  • Alexandra Enache
    • 6
  • Veronica Ciocan
    • 6
  • Ioan Talos
    • 7
  • George Cristian Curca
    • 1
  1. 1.Dept of Legal Medicine and Bioethics, National Institute of Legal Medicine, Dept of Forensic PathologyCarol Davila University of Medicine and PharmacyBucharestRomania
  2. 2.Dept of Forensic ToxicologyNational Institute of Legal MedicineBucharestRomania
  3. 3.Dept of Forensic PathologyNational Institute of Legal MedicineBucharestRomania
  4. 4.Dept of Forensic PathologyIasi Institute of Legal MedicineIasiRomania
  5. 5.Dept of Forensic ToxicologyIasi Institute of Legal MedicineIasiRomania
  6. 6.Dept of Forensic PathologyTimisoara Institute of Legal MedicineTimisoaraRomania
  7. 7.Dept of Forensic ToxicologyTimisoara Institute of Legal MedicineTimisoaraRomania

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