Perceived constraints on exercise in the group of the elderly: a pilot study
- 172 Downloads
The aim of this study was to evaluate psychometric properties of the perceived constraints on the physical exercise scale and to indicate the most important perceived constraints that restrict the elderly from exercise.160 persons (aged 60–89) living in Lithuania, Kaunas city were interviewed in 2011. Physical activity was assessed using a short version of International Physical Activity Questionnaire. Constraints on physical exercise were determined according to a structured list of statements consisting of five domains: poor health, fear and negative experiences, lack of knowledge, lack of time and interest, and unsuitable environment. Perceived constraints on the exercise scale demonstrated satisfactory internal consistency and good construct validity: Cronbach’s alpha coefficients of internal reliability were above the standard (≥0.7) with the exception of lack of knowledge domain. Exploratory factor analysis revealed a fivefactor solution that accounted for 67.4% of the variance. Fear and negative experience during exercise increased the odds of insufficient physical activity by 3.3 (1.16–9.59) times whereas lack of time and interest — by 7.2 (2.98–17.31) times. Perceived constraints on the exercise scale is a suitable measure for the elderly investigations. Perceived constraints that most restrict elderly people from exercise were lack of time, interest, fear of falling and injuries.
KeywordsPhysical activity Constraints on exercise Elderly Health
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- World Health Organization. Global recommendations on physical activity for health. World Health Organization, Geneva (Switzerland), 2010Google Scholar
- Lithuanian Ministry of Health Information. Health Statistics of Lithuania 2010. Lithuanian Ministry of Health Information Centre of Institute of Hygiene, Vilnius (Lithuania), 2011Google Scholar
- Daugeliene E., Tamosiunas A., Reklaitiene R., Baceviciene M., Radisauskas R, Jureniene K., Health and lifestyle of the elderly people, Lithuanian General Practitioner 2009, 2, 88–94Google Scholar
- Hirvensalo M., Lampinen P., Rantanen T., Physical exercise in old age: an eight year follow-up study on involvement, motives, and obstacles among persons age 65–84, J. Aging Phys. Act., 1998, 6, 157–168Google Scholar
- Hosmer D.W., Lemeshow S., Applied logistic regression, Willey, New York, 1989Google Scholar
- Leinonen R., Heikkinen E., Hirvensalo M., Lintunen T., Rasinaho M., Sakari-Rantala R., et al., Customer-oriented counseling for physical activity in older people: study protocol and selected baseline results of a randomized-controlled trial, Scand. J. Med. Sci. Sports, 2007, 17, 156–164PubMedGoogle Scholar