Dose-response association between physical activity and metabolic syndrome
- 320 Downloads
Study was aimed to examine the association between the level of physical activity and metabolic syndrome and it’s components in Lithuanian urban population.
Data from the survey of the HAPIEE (Health, Alcohol, and Psychosocial factors In Eastern Europe) study were presented. A random sample of 7115 individuals aged 45–72 years was screened in 2006–2008. Physical activity was assessed in hours of physically demanding activities and sports in a typical week. The diagnostic criteria for the metabolic syndrome were determined by National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel report.
Prevalence of the metabolic syndrome was 27.2% in men and 34.2 in women. In the highest physical activity level prevalence of the metabolic syndrome decreased from 33.3% to 24.5% in men and from 38.6% to 32.9% in women as compared to the lowest physical activity level (p<0.01). The multivariable adjusted odds ratios for the metabolic syndrome in the 1st, 2nd, 3rd and 4th physical activity quartiles were 1.00, 0.68, 0.69, 0.51 in men (p<0.0001) and 1.00, 0.76, 0.78, 0.75 in women (p=0.001).
Physical activity has a significant protective role on metabolic disorders. Adequate leisure-time physical activity is an important nonpharmacological and low-cost alternative in preventing the metabolic syndrome.
KeywordsPhysical activity Lifestyle Metabolic syndrome Population
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- Ford E.S., Kohl 3rd H.W., Mokdad A.H., Ajani U.A., Sedentary behavior, physical activity, and the metabolic syndrome among U.S. adults, Obes. Res., 2005, 13, 608–614Google Scholar
- Luksiene D.I., Baceviciene M., Tamosiunas A., Cerniauskiene L.R., Margeviciene L., Reklaitiene R., Prevalence of the metabolic syndrome diagnosed using three different definitions and risk of ischemic heart disease among Kaunas adult population, Medicina (Kaunas), 2010, 46: 61–69Google Scholar
- Luksiene D.I., Baceviciene M., Tamosiunas A., Reklaitiene R., Radisauskas R., Comparison of four definitions of the metabolic syndrome and odds of ischemic heart disease in the Lithuanian urban population, Int. J. Public. Health., 2011, DOI:10.1007/s00038-011-0244-xGoogle Scholar
- Grabauskas V., Klumbiene J., Petkeviciene J., Sakyte E., Kriaucioniene V., Veryga A., Health behavior among Lithuanian adult population, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, Academy of Medicine, Lithuania, Kaunas, 2011Google Scholar
- Jankauskiene R., Lithuanian physical activity strategy: the culture of the body or the body cult? Medicina (Kaunas), 2008, 44, 346–355Google Scholar
- Luksiene D.I., Baceviciene M., Tamosiunas A., Daugeliene E., Kranciukaite D., Health, alcohol and psychosocial factors in Eastern Europe study: dietary patterns and their association with sociodemographic factors in the Lithuanian urban population of Kaunas city, Int. J. Public. Health, 2011, 56, 209–216PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Third Report of the National Cholesterol Education Program (NCEP) expert panel on detection, evaluation and treatment of high blood cholesterol in adults (Adult Treatment Panel III) final report, Circulation, 2002, 106, 3143–3421Google Scholar
- Ahmad O.B., Boschi-Pinto C., Lopez A.D., Murray C.J.L., Lozano R., Inoue M., Age standardization of rates: a new WHO standard (GPE Discussion Paper No. 31), WHO, Geneva (Switzerland), 2001Google Scholar
- Ilanne-Parikka P., Eriksson J.G., Lindstrom J., Hamalainen H., Keinanen-Kiukaanniemi S., Laakso M., et al., Prevalence of the metabolic syndrome and its components: findings from a Finnish general population sample and the diabetes prevention study cohort, Diabetes Care, 2004, 27, 2135–2140PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Bergstrom G., Behre C., Schmidt C., Increased Leisure-Time Physical Activity is Associated With Lower Prevalence of the Metabolic Syndrome in 64-Year Old Women With Impaired Glucose Tolerance, Angiology, 2011, DOI: 10.1177/0003319711414867Google Scholar
- Behre C.J., Bergström G., Schmidt C.B., Increasing leisure time physical activity is associated with less prevalence of the metabolic syndrome in healthy middle-aged men, Angiology, 2011, DOI: 10.1177/0003319711398863Google Scholar
- Dishman R., Heath G., Washburn R., Physical Activity Epidemiology, In: Physical activity and hyperlipidemia, Champaign, Illinois, Human Kinetics, 2004, p. 153–160Google Scholar
- De Munter J.S., van Valkengoed I.G., Stronks K., Agyemang C., Total physical activity might not be a good measure in the relationship with HDL cholesterol and triglycerides in a multi-ethnic population: a cross-sectional study, Lipids Health Dis., 2011, 10, 223 http://www.lipidworld.com/content/10/1/223 PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar