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Central European Journal of Medicine

, Volume 7, Issue 5, pp 665–671 | Cite as

Nutrition of overweight and obese students

  • Emilia Kolarzyk
  • Agnieszka Pac
  • Andrei Shpakou
  • Ewa Kleszczewska
  • Ludmila Klimackaya
  • Skaiste Laskiene
Research Article

Abstract

Purpose

To evaluate the diet of 225 overweight and obese university students in four countries and to implement a web-based nutrition program.

Methods

From the initially examined 1517 medical students from Poland, Belarus, Russia and Lithuania (aged 20.9±1.97 years) a subsample of 225 students (BMI > 25.0 kg/m2) were selected. Body weight, height, the thickness of 3 skinfolds and body fat percentage were measured.The intake of energy and macronutrients was assessed using a 24-hour dietary recall. Tukey’s test was used for comparison of dietary intake.

Results

Russian women and men had higher anthropometic measurements and body fat percentages than others. Among women, excessive intake of proteins in Poland (16.2%) and Belarus (16.9%) and of fats in all groups were observed together with excessive energy share from saturated fatty acids (SFA). Among males, excessive intake of energy from proteins in Polish and Lithuanian students, and fat intake in all groups was observed.

Conclusions and implications

The diet of overweight and obese students did not follow recommended guidelines. A nutritional program (web page www.zywienie.cm-uj.krakow.pl) was implemented which allows students to compare their diet to guidelines and modify it in order to decrease SFA and simple sugar intake.

Keywords

Students Poland Belarus Russia Lithuania Anthtropometric measurements 24-hour dietary recall web-based nutrition program 

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Copyright information

© Versita Warsaw and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Emilia Kolarzyk
    • 1
  • Agnieszka Pac
    • 2
  • Andrei Shpakou
    • 3
  • Ewa Kleszczewska
    • 4
  • Ludmila Klimackaya
    • 5
  • Skaiste Laskiene
    • 6
  1. 1.Department of Hygiene and DieteticsJagiellonian University, Medical CollegeKrakowPoland
  2. 2.Department of EpidemiologyJagiellonian University, Medical CollegeKrakowPoland
  3. 3.Department of Sport Medicine and Rehabilitation Yanka Kupala State University of GrodnoGrodnoBelarus
  4. 4.Department of PhysiotherapyThe Institute of Cosmetology and Health CareBialystokPoland
  5. 5.Department of HygieneKrasnoyarsk State Medical UniversityKrasnoyarskRussia
  6. 6.Department of Philosophy and Social SciencesLithuanian University of Health SciencesKaunasLithuania

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