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Central European Journal of Medicine

, Volume 7, Issue 3, pp 296–301 | Cite as

Pandemic (H1N1) 2009 influenza — real threat or unjustified panic? The experience of one pediatric hematology-oncology center

  • Ninela Irga
  • Marcelina Osak
  • Radoslaw Jaworski
  • Marek Bronk
  • Wojciech Kosiak
  • Elzbieta Adamkiewicz-Drozynska
Research Article
  • 52 Downloads

Abstract

Introduction

On June 11, 2009, the World Health Organization (WHO) announced a pandemic influenza caused by pandemic (H1N1) 2009 virus. The aim of the current study was to analyze the clinical course of the pandemic (H1N1) 2009 influenza in children with neoplastic diseases or severe aplastic anemia. As a final point, an attempt to identify risk factors predictive for the severity of the clinical course of the disease was also undertaken.

Material&Methods

Thirty-seven children undergoing antineoplastic treatment were enrolled in the study. The analysis comprised an assessment of the number of episodes of AH1N1 pandemic (H1N1) 2009 influenza in the group of patients and an evaluation of clinical signs and symptoms of the infection. We also analyzed the relation between the presence of lymphocytopenia and its duration prior to infection and until? eventual contraction of the pandemic (H1N1) 2009 virus, as well as severity of clinical course of the disease.

Results

Pandemic (H1N1) 2009 influenza was diagnosed in 20 of 37 children. In the analyzed group no death related to pandemic (H1N1) 2009 influenza was reported.

Conclusions

The clinical manifestations of pandemic (H1N1) 2009 influenza in immunoincompetent children are analogous to symptoms observed in the general population. A severe clinical course of the disease was observed among patients with hematological disorders, especially those presenting with preceding lymphocytopenia.

Keywords

Pandemic (H1N1) 2009 influenza Children Oncohematological disorders 

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Copyright information

© © Versita Warsaw and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ninela Irga
    • 1
  • Marcelina Osak
    • 1
  • Radoslaw Jaworski
    • 2
  • Marek Bronk
    • 3
  • Wojciech Kosiak
    • 1
  • Elzbieta Adamkiewicz-Drozynska
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Pediatrics, Hematology, Oncology and EndocrinologyMedical University of GdanskGdanskPoland
  2. 2.Department of Pediatric Cardiac SurgeryPomeranian Centre of TraumatologyGdanskPoland
  3. 3.Department of Clinical MicrobiologyClinical Center of Medical University of GdanskGdanskPoland

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