Inmates’ physical activity as part of the health ecology

  • Vidmantas Vaiciulis
  • Saulius Kavaliauskas
  • Ricardas Radisauskas
Research Article
  • 110 Downloads

Abstract

To evaluate the possibilities of physical activity in developing inmates’ healthy lifestyle and social skills. The research, which was conducted in 2009 in Pravieniskes First and Second Correction Houses, was local and cross-sectional using a written questionnaire. The questionnaire consisted of four groups of questions/statements: I — demographic questions; II — questions/statements about inmates’ physical (sports) activities (was created for this study) and III — assessment of inmates’ social skills. And IV — assessment of inmates’ self esteem. Sufficiently physically active inmates (n=185) comprised 57.8 percent of the total number of respondents. Inmates’ physical activity statistically significantly (p<0.05) correlates with their younger age. Secondary education is prevailing in the group of physically active inmates, while primary — lower secondary education predominates in the group of physically inactive inmates (n=135). Only less than 6 percent of inmates have higher education. The average age of physically active inmates is statistically significantly lower than that of physically inactive inmates, 26 and 31.6 years respectively (p=0.01). The analysis of inmates’ contentment with their psychological state and satisfaction with health care services, food quality, and conditions for sports activities showed that physically active inmates are more critical about these factors than physically inactive inmates. Only the contentment with psychological state in physically active inmates is statistically significantly higher than in inactive inmates. Out of eleven social skills assessed in the study, only two skills (ability to initiate conversation with a stranger and sense of responsibility) are statistically significant (p<0.05). The probability that the convicts who have a strong sense of responsibility tend to be more physically active than the inmates who do not consider themselves responsible is 7.4 times higher. The study results showed that self-esteem in physically active inmates is statistically significantly higher that in physically inactive inmates (p=0.033). Low self-esteem was not determined in any inmates.

Keywords

Social skills Self-esteem Physical activity Inmates 

References

  1. [1]
    Dermontas J. Nuteistųjų alternatyva laisvės atėmimo bausme reabilitacija. C.E.E.O.L. 2005; 222–229Google Scholar
  2. [2]
    Kuklianskas J. Nusikalstamumo kontrolės Lietuvoje mokslinė koncepcija. Vilnius: Lietuvos policijos akademijos leidykla 1995; 31, 27Google Scholar
  3. [3]
    Europos kalinimo įstaigų taisyklių aiškinamasis memorandumas, IV dalis: Fizinis lavinimas, mankšta, sportas ir poilsis 1987Google Scholar
  4. [4]
    Eitzen D.S. Ethical dilemmas in American sport. Vital speeches the day 1996; 62, 182–186Google Scholar
  5. [5]
    Siegenthaler K. L., Gonzalez G.L. Youth sports as serious leisure: A critique. Journal of sport social issues 1997; 21, 298–315CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. [6]
    Kavaliauskas S., Vaičiulis V. Kalinių požiūris į sveiką gyvenseną. Visuomenės sveikata 2008; 43, 64–69Google Scholar
  7. [7]
    National Correctional Recreation Association 2000. NCRA position statement on weight lifting programs in correctional settings [Online]. Available: www.strengthtech.com/correct/ncra/ncra.htm#position
  8. [8]
    Amtmann A. Case study of a service learning partnership. Unpublished doctoral dissertation. University of Montana. American College of Sports Medicine 2000Google Scholar
  9. [9]
    Arnold P. Sport and moral education. Journal of moral education 1994; 23, 75–90CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. [10]
    Šukys S. Skirtingas sporto šakas kultivuojančių paauglių socialinio elgesio bei savigarbos ypatumai. Sociologija: praeitis dabartis. Mokslinės konferencijos pranešimų medžiaga 2001; 617–622Google Scholar
  11. [11]
    Darren P., Lawson S., Teresa D.W. The relationship between prisonisation and social skills among prison inmates. The prison journal 1996; 3, 293–309Google Scholar
  12. [12]
    Bulotaitė L. Apie moksleivių savęs vertinimą 1995; 1–8Google Scholar
  13. [13]
    Valcikas G. Asmenybės savęs vertinimas 1991; 7, 38–44Google Scholar
  14. [14]
    Butkienė G., Kepalaitė A. Asmenybės vientisumo principas mokymosi procese 1993;1, 25–27Google Scholar
  15. [15]
    Endriulaitienė A., Ramanauskienė R., Valantinas A., Paauglių savęs vertinimo bei santykių su bendraamžiais ir tėvais sąveikos ypatumai. Pedagogika 2004; 71, 91–96Google Scholar
  16. [16]
    Hinsch R., Pfi Ngsten U. Gruppenttaining sozialer Kompetenzen 1998; 3Google Scholar
  17. [17]
    Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale [Online]. Available: http://www.yorku.ca/rokada/psyctest/rosenbrg.pdf

Copyright information

© © Versita Warsaw and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Vidmantas Vaiciulis
    • 1
  • Saulius Kavaliauskas
    • 2
  • Ricardas Radisauskas
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Environmental and Occupational MedicineLithuanian University of Health SciencesKaunasLithuania
  2. 2.Department of Social Sciences and HumanitiesLithuanian Academy of Physical EducationKaunasLithuania

Personalised recommendations