Central European Journal of Medicine

, Volume 3, Issue 2, pp 173–178 | Cite as

Population-based cardiovascular risk factors in the elderly in Turkey: a cross-sectional survey

  • Adem Ozkara
  • Faruk TurgutEmail author
  • Mehmet Kanbay
  • Yusuf Selcoki
  • Ali Akcay
Research Article


Hypertension, diabetes, hyperlipidaemia, obesity and smoking are known to be the most important modifiable risk factors for cardiovascular disease (CVD). Because the elderly population has been increasing globally, CVD may become a more important public health problem in the future. This report examines the prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors in the elderly in Ankara, Turkey. This was a cross-sectional survey and included a total of 2720 individuals living in the Ankara district. Trained research staff administered a standard questionnaire in the participants’ homes and worksites. The questionnaire collected information on clinical and demographic characteristics and a self-reported medical history, including past history of hypertension, diabetes, hyperlipidemia, coronary artery disease, coronary artery by-pass graft operation, and cerebrovascular accident. The mean age of the study participants was 69.5 ± 7.2 years. The study identified 1298 women (78.1%) and 753 men (71.2%) with hypertension, and the overall prevalence of hypertension was 75.4%. A total of 739 (27.2%) people had diabetes mellitus, and, of these people, 603 (81.6%) were hypertensive. A total of 1361 people had hyperlipidemia, and 1103 of these patients were also hypertensive. The overall prevalence of obesity was 27.2%. A total of 553 (20.3%) people were smokers. Our findings indicate that cardiovascular risk factors are very common in the elderly. To maximize risk reduction, physicians must take aggressive measures to decrease cardiovascular risk factors.


Hypertension Diabetes Prevalence Risk factors Elderly Antihypertensive therapy Cardiovascular mortality 


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Copyright information

© © Versita Warsaw and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Adem Ozkara
    • 1
  • Faruk Turgut
    • 2
    Email author
  • Mehmet Kanbay
    • 2
  • Yusuf Selcoki
    • 3
  • Ali Akcay
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Family MedicineFatih University, School of MedicineAnkaraTurkey
  2. 2.Department of NephrologyFatih University, School of MedicineAnkaraTurkey
  3. 3.Department of CardiologyFatih University, School of MedicineAnkaraTurkey

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