The short-term effects of ambient black smoke concentrations on total non-accidental, cardiovascular and respiratory mortalities in Nis, during the 2000-2003 period, were investigated.
Daily measurements for black smoke (BS), as well as the daily number of deaths have been collected. Generalised linear models extending Poisson regression were applied. The e.ects of time trend, seasonal variations, days of the week, temperature, humidity and air pressure were adjusted.
The per cent increase in the daily number of total deaths associated with a 10 μg/m3 increase in BS was 1.13% (0.08–2.20%). The e.ect size was slightly higher for cardiovascular mortality (1.25%, 95% CI: 0.53–1.97%). There was no signi.cant association between air pollution and respiratory mortality.
These results indicate that current levels of ambient BS have signi.cant e.ects on total and cardiovascular mortalities in Nis.
Air pollution mortality time series
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.
F. Ballester et al.: “A multicentre study on air pollution and mortality in Spain: Combined results for particulates and for sulfur dioxide”, Occup. Environ. Med., Vol. 59, (2002), pp. 300–308.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
K. Katsouyanni et al.: “Confounding and effect modification in the short-term effects of ambient particles on total mortality: Results from 29 European cities within the APHEA2 project”, Epidemiology, Vol. 12, (2001), pp. 521–531.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
M. Saez et al.: “Comparing meta-analysis and ecological-longitudinal analysis in time-series studies. A case study of the effects of air pollution on mortality in three Spanish cities”, J. Epidemiol., Vol. 55, (2001), pp. 423–432.Google Scholar
H. Anderson et al.: “Particulate matter and daily mortality and hospital admissions in the west midlands conurbation of the United Kingdom: associations with fine and coarse particles, black smoke and sulphate”, Occup. Environ. Med., Vol. 58, (2001), pp. 504–510.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
D. Nikic and A. Stankovic: “Air pollution and cardiovascular disease”, Acta Fac. Med. Naiss, Vol. 22, (2005), pp. 75–80.Google Scholar
A. Terte et al.: “Short-term effects of particulate air pollution on cardiovascular diseases in eight European cities”, J. Epidemiol. Community Health., Vol. 56, (2002), pp. 773–739.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
J. Schwartz, D.W. Dockery and L.M. Neas: “Is daily mortality associated specifically with fine particles?”, J. Air Waste Manag. Assoc., Vol. 46, (1996), pp. 927–939.PubMedGoogle Scholar
J.M. Samet et al.: “Fine particulate air pollution and mortality in 20 U.S. cities, 1987–1994”, N. Engl. J. Med., Vol. 343, (2000), pp. 1742–1749.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
G. Hoek et al.: “Daily mortality and air pollution in the Netherlands”, J. Air Waste Manag. Assoc., Vol. 50, (2000), pp. 1380–1389.PubMedGoogle Scholar
WHO Working Group: Report Health Aspects of Air Pollution with Particulate Matter, Ozone and Nitrogen Dioxide, World Health Organization, Bonn, Germany, 2003.Google Scholar
M.S. Goldberg et al.: “The association between daily mortality and short-term effects of ambient air particle pollution in Montreal, Quebec. 1. Nonaccidental mortality”, Environ. Res., Vol. 86, (2001), pp. 12–25.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
T.F. Mar et al.: “Associations between air pollution and mortality in Phoenix 1995–1997”, Environ. Health Perspect., Vol. 108, (2000), pp. 347–353.PubMedGoogle Scholar
D.W. Dockery et al.: “An association between air pollution and mortality in six U.S. cities”, N. Engl. J. Med., Vol. 329, (1993), pp. 1753–1759.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
D. Krewski et al.: Re-analysis of the Harvard Six-Cities and American Cancer Society Cohort Studies of Particulate Air Pollution and Mortality, Phase I: Replication and Validation, Health E.ects Institute, Cambridge, MA, 2000.Google Scholar
D. Loomis et al.: “Air pollution and infant mortality in Mexico City”, Epidemiology, Vol. 10, (1999), pp. 118–123.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
M.L.F. Penna and M.P. Duchiade: “Air pollution and infant mortality from pneumonia in the Rio de Janeiro Metropolitan area”, Bull. PAHO, Vol. 25, (1991), pp. 47–54.Google Scholar
M. Bobak and D.A. Leon: “The effect of air pollution and infant mortality appears specific for respiratory causes in the postneonatal period”, Epidemiology, Vol. 10, (1999), pp. 666–670.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
T.J. Woodru, J. Grillo and K.C. Schoendorf: “The relationship between selected causes of postneonatal infant mortality and particulate air pollution in the United States”, Environ. Health. Persp., Vol. 105, (1997), pp. 608–612.Google Scholar
H. Eun-Hee et al.: “Christiani Infant Susceptibility of Mortality to Air Pollution in Seoul, South Korea”, Pediatrics., Vol. 111, (2003), pp. 284–290.CrossRefGoogle Scholar