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Diptera associated with sporocarps of Meripilus giganteus in an urban habitat

Abstract

The Diptera community associated with fruit bodies of the wood-decaying fungus Meripilus giganteus (Pers.) P. Karst., 1882 was investigated in two city parks in Opava (Czech Republic, Central Europe) during the years 2009 and 2010. A total of 10,451 adult specimens of Diptera belonging to 66 species and 17 families emerged from this fungus during our rearing experiments. The six most dominant species, Coboldia fuscipes (Meigen, 1830) (D=50.70%), Drosophila funebris (Fabricius, 1787) (D=21.40%), Logima satchelli (Quate, 1955) (D =14.16%), Forcipomyia squamigera Kieffer, 1916 (D=5.48%), Lycoriella ingenua (Dufour, 1839) (D=2.96%) and Apteromyia claviventris (Strobl, 1909) (D=0.95%) represented 95.65% of all reared specimens. Altogether 59 species were reared from M. giganteus for the first time. Comments on host specialization, degree of synynthropy and other aspects of biology of particular species are provided. The qualitative composition of the fly community associated with M. giganteus in an urban habitat, causes of high species richness, and the predominance of polysaprophagous species in the reared material are discussed. The accidentally reared {itOrnitholeria nidicola} Frey, 1930 (Chiropteromyzidae) represents the first family record from the Czech Republic and the first record of the species from Central Europe.

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Correspondence to Jindřich Roháček.

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Roháček, J., Ševčík, J. Diptera associated with sporocarps of Meripilus giganteus in an urban habitat. cent.eur.j.biol. 8, 143–167 (2013). https://doi.org/10.2478/s11535-013-0119-z

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Keywords

  • Insecta
  • Diptera (17 families)
  • Fungi (Meripilaceae)
  • Mycophagy
  • Synanthropy
  • Rearing
  • Czech Republic