Comparative analysis of algal biodiversity in the rivers of Israel

Abstract

Comparative analysis of algal communities in the rivers of Israel was completed to highlight the influence of environmental variables on biodiversity. The study revealed that 671 species of algae and cyanobacteria belonging to nine taxonomic divisions were present during 2002–2009 in the Yarqon, Alexander, Hadera, Qishon, Oren, Lower and Upper Jordan, and Zin rivers. The species richness of each river was evaluated by taxonomic structural comparison, geobotanical, hierarchical cluster analysis, and the degree of relatedness for different levels of taxonomic resolution. The analysis revealed close similarity of the Upper Jordan and Oren rivers. The average taxonomic distinctness index showed that the Yarqon, Oren, Upper Jordan, and Qishon communities were partly degraded due to permanent environmental disturbances. The variation in taxonomic distinctness index showed that the Alexander, Yarqon and Hadera communities were formed not only due to anthropogenic factors but also through long-term climatic impact. The most abundant indicator species inhabit low streaming and standing alkaline waters of medium salinity and low to medium organic pollution. The statistical approaches allowed discrimination between climatic and anthropogenic factors that impact upon the riverine biodiversity in semi-arid environments. Analysis shows the influence of anthropogenic factors was strongly modulated by climatic impacts causing a marked decease of species richness from north to south.

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Correspondence to Sophia S. Barinova.

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Barinova, S.S., Petrov, A. & Nevo, E. Comparative analysis of algal biodiversity in the rivers of Israel. cent.eur.j.biol. 6, 246–259 (2011). https://doi.org/10.2478/s11535-010-0108-z

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Keywords

  • Algae
  • Diversity
  • Distribution
  • Semi-arid climate
  • Israel
  • Taxonomic distinctness indices
  • Phylogenetic diversity
  • Statistical phylogeography