Skip to main content

Biochemical and agro-biological diversity of Viburnum opulus genotypes

Abstract

Interest in the biochemical composition of Viburnum opulus fruit has intensified due to the food industry’s demand for natural vitamins, pigments and other substances that enhance the value of different foods. The present study was conducted to determine the agro-biological and biochemical variability of V. opulus and to select the genotypes that could best serve as sources of health promoting substances. Twelve selected genotypes were evaluated. ‘Leningradskaya Otbornaya’, V. opulus var. americanum, ‘Zarnitsa’, and local clone P2 were determined to be the best genotypes for growth in commercial plantations. Fruits of the local clone P3 were characterised by large amounts of total phenolics, ascorbic acid, and reducing sugars. V. opulus var. sargentii and V. opulus var. americanum contained exceptionally large amounts of total phenolics, 1460.0 and 1400.0 mg/100 g, respectively. The amount of ascorbic acid varied from 12.4 to 41.4 mg/100 g, the amount of carotenoids varied from 1.4 to 2.8 mg/100 g, the amount of anthocyanins varied from 23.2 to 44.6 mg/100 g, and the amount of total phenolics varied from 753.0 to 1460.0 mg/100 g. The presence of these large amounts of biologically active compounds enables their use as potent antioxidants. The data describing agro-biological characteristics, biochemical components, and health promoting activities of V. opulus fruits will increase the understanding of this plant and facilitate its use in the food and pharmaceuticals industry.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

References

  1. [1]

    Li W., Hydamaka A.W., Lowry L., Beta T., Comparison of antioxidant capacity and phenolic compounds of berries, chokecherry and sea buckthorn, Cent. Eur. J. Biol., 2009, 4, 499–506

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  2. [2]

    Ylmaz K.U., Ercisli S., Zengin Y., Sengul M., Kafkas E.Y., Preliminary characterization of cornelian cherry (Cornus mas L.) genotypes for their physicochemical properties, Food Chem., 2009, 114, 408–412

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  3. [3]

    Lobstein A., Weniger B., Malécot V., Um B.H., Alzate F., Anton R., Polyphenolic content of two Colombian Viburnum species (Caprifoliaceae), Biochem. Syst. Ecol., 2003, 31, 95–97

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  4. [4]

    Jordheim M., Giske N.H., Andersen Ø.M., Anthocyanins in Caprifoliaceae, Biochem. Syst. Ecol., 2006, 35, 153–159

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  5. [5]

    Šavikin K., Zdunić G., Janković T., Tasić S., Menković N., Stević T., et al., Phenolic content and radical scavenging capacity of berries and related jams from certificated area in Serbia, Plant Foods Hum. Nutr., 2009, 64, 212–217

    Article  PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  6. [6]

    Heinonen M., Antioxidant activity and antimicrobial effect of berry phenolics - Finnish perspective, Mol. Nutr. Food Res., 2007, 51, 684–691

    Article  PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  7. [7]

    Osipova I., Allelopathic properties of European cranberry bush (Viburnum opulus L.) - valuable decorative, medicinal and fruit plant, In: Salaš P., (Ed.), Proceedings of 9th International Conference of Horticulture (3–6 September 2001, Lednice, Czech Republic), 2001, 1, 146–152

  8. [8]

    Eiselt M.G., Schröder R., Laubgehöhze (Deciduous Trees), Verlag J. Neumann-Neudamm, Melsungen, Basel, Wien, 1977, (in German)

    Google Scholar 

  9. [9]

    Zayachkivska O.S., Gzegotsky M.R., Terletska O.I., Lutsyk D.A., Yaschenko A.M., Dzhura O.R., Influence of Viburnum opulus proanthocyanins on stress induced gastrointestinal mucosal damage, J. Physiol. Pharmacol., 2006, 57, 155–167

    PubMed  Google Scholar 

  10. [10]

    Velioglu I.S., Ekici L., Poyrazoglu E.S., Phenolic composition of European cranberrybush (Viburnum opulus L.) and astringency removal of its commercial juice, Int. J. Food Sci. Tech., 2006, 41, 1011–1015

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  11. [11]

    Burns Kraft T.F., Dey M., Rogers R.B., Ribnicky D.M., Gipp D.M., Cefalu W.T., et al., Phytochemical composition and metabolic performance-enhancing activity of dietary berries traditionally used by native North American, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2008, 56, 654–660

    Article  PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  12. [12]

    Van Q., Nay B.N., Reimer M., Jones P.J.H., Fulcher R.G., Rempel C.B., Anti-inflamatory effect of Inonotus obliquus, Polygala senega, and Viburnum trilobum in a cell screening assay, J. Ethnopharmacol., 2009, 125, 487–493

    Article  PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  13. [13]

    Gavrilin M.V., Markova O.M., Likhota T.T., Izmailova E.A., Optimization of the procedure of vitamin determination in Viburnum oil, Pharm. Chem. J.- USSR, 2007, 41, 101–104

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  14. [14]

    Altun M.L., Yilmaz B.S., HPLC method for the analysis of salicin and chlorogenic acid from Viburnum opulus and V. lantana, Chem. Nat. Comp., 2007, 43, 205–207

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  15. [15]

    Sagdic O., Aksoy A., Ozkan G., Evaluation of the bacterial and antioxidant potentials of cranberry (gilaburu, Viburnum opulus L.) fruit extract, Acta Aliment., 2006, 35, 487–492

    Article  Google Scholar 

  16. [16]

    Çam M., Hişl Y., Kuscu A., Organic acid, phenolic content, and antioxidant capacity of fruit flesh and seed of Viburnum opulus, Chem. Nat. Comp., 2007, 43, 460–461

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  17. [17]

    Yunusova S.G., Karimova A.R., Tsyrlina E.M., Yunusov M.S., Denisenko O.N., Change on storage of biological activity of Viburnum opulus seed components, Chem. Nat. Comp., 2004, 40, 349–351

    Article  Google Scholar 

  18. [18]

    Kim Mi-Yeon, Iwai K., Matsue H., Phenolic composition of Viburnum dilatatum Thunb. fruits and their antiradical properties, J. Food Compos. Anal., 2005, 18, 789–802

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  19. [19]

    Kim Mi-Yeon, Iwai K., Onodera A., Matsue H., Identification and antiradical properties of anthocyanins in fruit of Viburnum dilatatum Thunb., J. Agric. Food Chem., 2003, 51, 6173–6177

    Article  PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  20. [20]

    Česonienė L., Daubaras R., Diversity of yielding capacity and biochemical composition of European cranberry bush (Viburnum opulus) genetic resources, Scripta Horti Botanici Universitatis Vytauti Magni, 2006, 11, 19–28

    Google Scholar 

  21. [21]

    Food analysis: general techniques, additives, contaminants, and composition, Rome, FAO, 1986

  22. [22]

    AOAC, Sucrose in fruits and fruit products, In: Helrich K., (Ed.), Official Methods of Analysis of the Association of Official Analytical Chemists, 15th Ed., AOC Inc., Arlington, VA, 1990

    Google Scholar 

  23. [23]

    Scott K.J., Detection and measurement of carotenoids by UV/VIS spectrophotometry, In: Wrolstad R.E., Acree T.E., An H., Decker E.A., Penner M.H., Reid D.S., et al., (Eds.), Current protocols in food analytical chemistry, New York, John Wiley & Sons Inc., 2001

    Google Scholar 

  24. [24]

    AOAC, Vitamin C (ascorbic acid) in vitamin preparations and juices. In: Helrich K., (Ed.), Official Methods of Analysis of the Association of Official Analytical Chemists, 15th Ed., AOC Inc., Arlington, VA, 1990

    Google Scholar 

  25. [25]

    Slinkard K., Singleton V.L., Total Phenol Analysis: Automation and Comparison with Manual Methods, Am. J. Enol. Vitic., 1977, 28, 49–55

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  26. [26]

    Rubinskiene M., Speiciene V., Leskauskaite D., Viskelis P., Effect of black currant genotype on the quality and rheological properties of jams, J. Food Agric. Environ., 2007, 5, 71–75

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  27. [27]

    Giusti M.M., Wrolstad R.E., Characterization and measurement of anthocyanins by UV-visible spectroscopy. In: Wrolstad R.E., Acree T.E., An H., Decker E.A., Penner M.H., Reid D.S., et al., (Eds.), Current protocols in food analytical chemistry, New York, John Wiley & Sons Inc., 2001

    Google Scholar 

  28. [28]

    Brand-Williams W., Cuvelier M.E., Berset C., Use of free radical method to evaluate antioxidant activity, Lebensmittel Wissenschaft und Technologie, 1995, 28, 25–30

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  29. [29]

    Česonienė L., Daubaras R., Viškelis P., Evaluation of productivity and biochemical components in fruit of different Viburnum accessions, Biologija, 2008, 54, 93–96

    Article  Google Scholar 

  30. [30]

    Benvenuti S., Pellati F., Melegari M., Bertelli D., Polyphenols, anthocyanins, ascorbic acid, and radical scavenging activity of Rubus, Ribes, and Aronia, J. Food Sci., 2004, 69, FCT164–FCT169

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  31. [31]

    Viškelis P., Rubinskienė M., Bobinas Č., Evaluation of strawberry and black currant berries intended for freezing and the methods of their preparation, J. Food Agric. Environ., 2008, 6, 151–154

    Google Scholar 

  32. [32]

    Viškelis P., Rubinskienė M., Jasutienė I., Šarkinas A., Daubaras R., Šesonienė L., Anthocyanins, antioxidative, and antimicrobial properties of American cranberry (Vaccinium macrocarpon Ait.) and their press cakes, J. Food Sci., 2009, 74, C157–C161

    Article  PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  33. [33]

    Çam M., Hişl Y., Comparison of chemical characteristics of fresh and pasteurised juice of gilaburu (Viburnum opulus L.), Acta Aliment., 2007, 36, 381–385

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  34. [34]

    Moyer R.A., Hummer K.E., Finn C.E., Frei B., Wrolstad R.E., Anthocyanins, phenolics, and antioxidant capacity in diverse small fruits: Vaccinium, Rubus, and Ribes, J. Agric. Food. Chem., 2002, 50, 519–525

    Article  PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  35. [35]

    Zheng W., Wang S.Y., Oxygen radical absorbing capacity of phenolics in blueberries, cranberries, chokeberries, and lingonberries, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2003, 51, 502–509

    Article  PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  36. [36]

    Deineka V.I., Sorokopudov V.N., Deineka L.A., Shaposhnik E.I., Kol’tsov S.V., Anthocyanins from fruit of some plants of the Caprifoliaceae family, Chem. Nat. Comp., 2005, 41, 162–164

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  37. [37]

    Szajdek A., Borowska E.J., Bioactive compounds and health-promoting properties of berry fruits: a review, Plant Foods Hum. Nutr., 2008, 63, 147–156

    Article  PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Laima Česonienė.

About this article

Cite this article

Česonienė, L., Daubaras, R., Venclovienė, J. et al. Biochemical and agro-biological diversity of Viburnum opulus genotypes. cent.eur.j.biol. 5, 864–871 (2010). https://doi.org/10.2478/s11535-010-0088-z

Download citation

Keywords

  • Biochemical component
  • Clone
  • Cultivar
  • Genotype
  • Viburnum opulus