Central European Journal of Chemistry

, Volume 12, Issue 8, pp 829–836 | Cite as

Microwave assisted extraction of essential oils from enzymatically pretreated lavender (Lavandula angustifolia Miller)

  • Ioan Calinescu
  • Adina I. GavrilaEmail author
  • Maria Ivopol
  • Gabriel C. Ivopol
  • Mariana Popescu
  • Nectara Mircioaga


In this study, microwave assisted a hydrodistillation process (MWHD) of essential oils from lavender (Lavandula angustifolia Miller) was investigated. In order to examine any potential differences in essential oil extraction, the lavender flowers underwent enzymatic pretreatment.

A 23 factorial design of experiments, combined with statistical methods of data analysis were used to optimize enzymatic pretreatment and to evaluate the influence of major variables (enzyme concentration, temperature and pH) on the performance of the microwave assisted extraction.

Under optimal conditions, an extraction yield of 24 mg oil g−1 substrate was achieved (an increase by approximately 25% in comparison with the classic extraction conditions of conventional hydrodistillation).

The main compounds of the essential oils obtained were analyzed and identified by gas chromatography coupled to mass spectrometry (GC-MS). Analyzing the data obtained indicated that the content of main compounds (linalool and linalyl acetate − 73%) was greater than that obtained by conventional extraction (67%).


Lavender oil Hydrodistillation Enzymatic pretreatment 


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Copyright information

© Versita Warsaw and Springer-Verlag Wien 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ioan Calinescu
    • 1
  • Adina I. Gavrila
    • 1
    Email author
  • Maria Ivopol
    • 1
    • 2
  • Gabriel C. Ivopol
    • 1
    • 2
  • Mariana Popescu
    • 1
    • 2
  • Nectara Mircioaga
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Bioresources and Polymer Science, Faculty of Applied Chemistry and Materials ScienceUniversity Politehnica of BucharestBucharestRomania
  2. 2.Hofigal Export-Import S.A.BucharestRomania

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