, Volume 3, Issue 2, pp 75–91 | Cite as

From humans to humanoids: The optimal control framework

  • Serena IvaldiEmail author
  • Olivier Sigaud
  • Bastien Berret
  • Francesco Nori
Review Article


In the last years of research in cognitive control, neuroscience and humanoid robotics have converged to different frameworks which aim, on one side, at modeling and analyzing human motion, and, on the other side, at enhancing motor abilities of humanoids. In this paper we try to cover the gap between the two areas, giving an overview of the literature in the two fields which concerns the production of movements. First, we survey computational motor control models based on optimality principles; then, we review available implementations and techniques to transfer these principles to humanoid robots, with a focus on the limitations and possible improvements of the current implementations. Moreover, we propose Stochastic Optimal Control as a framework to take into account delays and noise, thus catching the unpredictability aspects typical of both humans and humanoids systems. Optimal Control in general can also easily be integrated with Machine Learning frameworks, thus resulting in a computational implementation of human motor learning. This survey is mainly addressed to roboticists attempting to implement human-inspired controllers on robots, but can also be of interest for researchers in other fields, such as computational motor control.


humanoids human motor control optimality stochastic optimal control 


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Copyright information

© Versita Warsaw and Springer-Verlag Wien 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Serena Ivaldi
    • 1
    Email author
  • Olivier Sigaud
    • 1
  • Bastien Berret
    • 2
  • Francesco Nori
    • 2
  1. 1.Institut des Systèmes Intelligents et de Robotique — CNRS UMR 7222Université Pierre et Marie CurieParis CEDEX 05France
  2. 2.Robotics, Brain and Cognitive Sciences Dept. Istituto Italiano di TecnologiaGenovaItaly

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