Opto-Electronics Review

, 14:187 | Cite as

A review of size and geometrical factors influencing resonant frequencies in metamaterials

  • N. P. Johnson
  • A. Z. Khokhar
  • H. M. Chong
  • R. M. De La Rue
  • T. J. Antosiewicz
  • S. McMeekin
Invited Papers


Although metamaterials and so-called left-handed media have originated from theoretical considerations, it is only by their practical fabrication and the measurement of their properties that they have gained credibility and can fulfil the potential of their predicted properties. In this review we consider some of the more generally applicable fabrication methods and changes in geometry as they have progressed, exhibiting resonant frequencies ranging from radio waves to the visible optical region.


metamaterials fabrication lithography geometry 


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Copyright information

© COSiW SEP 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • N. P. Johnson
    • 1
  • A. Z. Khokhar
    • 1
  • H. M. Chong
    • 1
  • R. M. De La Rue
    • 1
  • T. J. Antosiewicz
    • 1
    • 2
  • S. McMeekin
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Electronics and Electrical EngineeringUniversity of GlasgowGlasgowUK
  2. 2.Faculty of PhysicsWarsaw UniversityWarsawPoland
  3. 3.Department of Engineering Science and DesignGlasgow Caledonian UniversityGlasgowUK

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