Advertisement

Biologia

pp 1–8 | Cite as

Arthropod fauna associated with black vulture and turkey vulture nests (Accipitriformes: Cathartidae) in south-Central Kentucky, USA

  • William L. LynchEmail author
  • T. Keith Philips
  • Hans Klompen
Original Article

Abstract

Arthropods were collected from seven black vulture and two turkey vulture nests in South-Central Kentucky. Species diversity in each nest ranged from a low of two to 10 species in total. Three nest cavities that had the highest amount of heterogeneous organic matter concomitantly had the highest number of arthropod taxa. Insects were the most abundant arthropods and included taxa from the orders Coleoptera, Diptera, Hemiptera, Hymenoptera, Lepidoptera and Psocoptera. Diptera and Coleoptera were represented by the highest number of families (and species), with seven (ten spp.) and four (eight spp.), respectively. Discovered Acari included eight species in seven families, of which four were members of the Mesostigmata. A majority of the insects collected were either scavengers or accidentals and do not have a strong link with the nest habitat. But taxa associated with guano or feathers for food sources or those that are predacious on fly eggs or larvae appear to have a loose association with these vulture nests.

Keywords

Arthropods Fauna Black vulture Turkey vulture Kentucky Nests Biodiversity 

Notes

References

  1. Bertran J, Macià FX, Margalida A (2016) How do colonial Eurasian griffon vultures prevent extra-pair mating? PeerJ 4:e1749.  https://doi.org/10.7717/peerj.1749 CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  2. Bloszyk J, Drazina T, Gwiazdowicz DJ, Halliday B, Goldyn B, Napierala A, Rybska E (2011) Mesostigmatic mites (Acari: Mesostigmata) in nest of Eurasian griffon vulture (Gyps fulvus) in Croatia. Biologia 66(2):335–339CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Borello WD, Borello RB (2002) The breeding status and colony dynamics of cape vulture Gyps coprotheres in Botswana. Bird Conserv Int 12:79–97CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Cantrell A, Lv L, Wang Y, Zhang Z, Li J (2013) Ectoparasites and other invertebrates in nests of the hair-crested Drongo (Dicrurus hottentottus). Chin Birds 4(4):314–318CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Caterino MS (2010) A review of California Margarinotus Marseul (Coleoptera: Histeridae: Histerinae: Histerini), with descriptions of two new species. Coleopts Bull 64(1):1–12CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Dowling APG (2006) Mesostigmatid mites as parasites of small mammals: systematics, ecology, and the evolution of parasitic associations. In: Morand S, Krasnov BR, Poulin R (eds) Micromammals and macroparasites: from evolutionary ecology to management. Springer, Tokyo, pp 103–118CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Drazina T, Spoljar M (2009) Insect fauna in nests of the Eurasian griffon vulture (Gyps fulvus) in Croatia. Biologia 64(5):969–973Google Scholar
  8. Gouveia FBP, Barbosa MLL, Barrett TV (2012) Arthropods associated with nests of Cacicus sp. and Psarocolius sp. (Passerida: Icteridae) in varzea forest near the meeting of the rivers negro and Solimoes (Central Amazonia, Brazil) at high water. J Nat Hist 46(15–16):979–1003Google Scholar
  9. Green PWC, Turner BD (2005) Food-selection by the booklouse, Liposcelis bostrychophila Badonnel (Psocoptera: Liposcelididae). J Stored Prod Res 41:103–113CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Hicks EA (1959) Check-list and biography on the occurrence of insects in birds’ nests. The Iowa State College Press Ames, IowaGoogle Scholar
  11. Houston CS, Terry B, Blom M, Stoffel MJ (2007) Turkey vulture nest success in abandoned houses in Saskatchewan. Wilson J Ornithol 119(4):742–747CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Howe RW (1959) Studies on beetles of the family Ptinidae. XVII. Conclusions and additional remarks. Bull Entomol Res 50:287–326CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Hughes AM (1961) The mites of stored food and houses. Technical Bulletin 9. Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food, LondonGoogle Scholar
  14. Jameson ML (2002) Trogidae MacLeay 1819, In: Arnett MCT, Skelley PE, Frank JH (eds) American beetles. Volume 2 R.H. CRC Press, Boca Raton, pp 17–19Google Scholar
  15. Judd WW (1962) Insects and other invertebrates from nests of the cardinal, Richmondena cardinalis (L.), at London, Ontario. Can Entomol 94(1):92–95CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Koford CB (1953) The Californian condor. Dovers Publications, New York, p 125Google Scholar
  17. Kovarik PW, Caterino MS (2001) Histeridae. In: Arnett RH Jr, Thomas MC (eds) American Beetles. Volume 1. CRC Press, Boca Raton, pp 212–227Google Scholar
  18. Lindquist EE, Krantz GW, Walter DE (2009) Order Mesostigmata. In: Krantz GW, Walter DE (eds) A manual of acarology, 3rd edn. Texas Tech University Press, Lubbock, pp 124–232Google Scholar
  19. Lynch WL (1986) Nesting and post-nesting behavior of the turkey vulture (Cathartes aura) in Central Kentucky. M.S. Thesis. Eastern Kentucky UniversityGoogle Scholar
  20. Majka CG, Klimaszewski J, Lauff R (2006) New Coleoptera records from owl nests in Nova Scotia, Canada. Zootaxa 1194:33–47Google Scholar
  21. McAlpine JF (1987) Manual of Nearctic Diptera. Vol. 2. Coordinated by McAlpine JF, Peterson BV, Shewell GE, Teskey HJ, Vockeroth JR, Wood DM. Agriculture Canada Monograph 28Google Scholar
  22. Merkl O, Bagyura J, Rózsa L (2004) Insects inhabiting Saker (Falco cherrug) nests in Hungary. Ornis Hung 14:23–26Google Scholar
  23. Nolan V (1955) Invertebrate nest associates of the prairie warbler. Auk 72(1):55–61Google Scholar
  24. Peck SB, Cook J (2002) Systematics, distributions, and bionomics of the small carrion beetles (Coleoptera: Leiodidae: Cholevinae: Cholevini) of North America. Can Entomol 134:723–787CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Pilskog HE, Gwiazdowicz KJ, Coulson SJ (2014) Invertebrate communities inhabiting nests of migrating passerine, wild fowl and sea birds breeding in the high artic, Svalbard. Polar Biol 37(7):981–998.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s00300-014-1495-9 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Rueda LM, Axtell RC (1997) Arthropods in litter of poultry (broiler chicken and turkey) houses. J Agric Entomol 14(1):81–91Google Scholar
  27. Schatz H, Behan-Pelletier V (2008) Global diversity of oribatids (Oribatida: Acari: Arachnida). Hydrobiologia 595:323–328.    https://doi.org/10.1007/s10750-007-9027-z CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Seibold I, Helbig AJ (1995) Evolutionary history of new and Old World vultures inferred from nucleotide sequences of the mitochondrial cytochrome b gene. Philos Trans R Soc London Series B 350:163–178CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Snyder NFR, Ramey RR, Sibley FC (1986) Nest-site biology of the California condor. Am Ornithol Soc 88:228–241Google Scholar
  30. Stehr FW (1991) Immature insects, Vol 2. Kendall/Hunt, DubuqueGoogle Scholar
  31. Triplehorn CA, Johnson NF (2005) Borror and DeLong's introduction to the study of insects. Thompson Brooks/Cole, BelmontGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Institute of Zoology, Slovak Academy of Sciences 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Kentucky Department of Fish and Wildlife ResourcesBowling GreenUSA
  2. 2.Department of Biology, Systematics and Evolution LaboratoryWestern Kentucky UniversityBowling GreenUSA
  3. 3.Department of Evolution, Ecology, and Organismal Biology, Museum of Biological DiversityOhio State UniversityColumbusUSA

Personalised recommendations