, Volume 74, Issue 8, pp 969–974 | Cite as

Combined allelopathic effects of Spirogyra (Zygnematales: Zygnemataceae) and Ceratophyllum demersum (Ceratophyllales: Ceratophyllaceae) on the growth of Microcystis aeruginosa (Chroocolales: Microcystaceae)

  • Hui Liu
  • Xiaochao Li
  • Huang Lei
  • Guihua Zeng
  • Hualin Li
  • Li Liu
  • Rentai Xiao
  • Juanhong Zhang
  • Zhen Sun
  • Fang Zhou
  • Qingru ZengEmail author
  • Liping YangEmail author
Original Article


Allelopathic inhibition activity of Spirogyra and Ceratophyllum demersum (C. demersum) on Microcystis aeruginosa were compared using a series of experiments. Culture solution of Spirogyra was found to inhibit growth of M. aeruginosa resulting in the destruction of chlorophyll-a and increased MDA content of the algae. The inhibitory effect was increased with greater concentrations of macrophyte culture solution and with continuous addition of the macrophytes. Filter size also had an effect in the inhibition of M. aeruginosa growth. Poor algal growth may have resulted from metabolic secretions from Spirogyra and associated epiphytic bacteria. Inhibition of algal growth and growth of the macrophytes and tolerance of Spirogyra to eutrophic conditions were further improved by synergistic effects of co-existing Spirogyra and C. demersum. Maximum inhibition effects and macrophyte biomass were recorded when the ratio of Spirogyra to C. demersum was 6:4.


Spirogyra Allelopathy Coexistence Synergistic effects 



Research, development and engineering application of the in situ selective induction and tolerance fish delivery was supported by Key Research and Development Project funding by the Hunan Provincial Science and Technology Department (2017SK 2302); development and application demonstration of the malodor gas on-line monitoring and control system was supported by the Hunan Provincial Environmental Protection Office, Xiangcai Jian (2017, 83); analysis of the causes of total phosphorus pollution in Dongting Lake and countermeasures for prevention and control were supported by the Hunan Provincial Environmental Protection Office. Project funding was provided by the National Key Research and Development Program of China (No. 2016YFD0800807).


The research and development and engineering application of the remediation technology of in situ selective induction and tolerance fish delivery. The key research and development project of the Hunan provincial science and Technology Department.2017SK 2302.

Development and application demonstration of malodor gas on-line monitoring and control system. Hunan provincial Environmental Protection Office, Xiangcai Jian [2017]83.

Analysis of the causes of total phosphorus pollution in Dongting Lake and Countermeasures for prevention and control.Special funds for the prevention and control of the central water pollution,Hunan provincial Environmental Protection Office.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

We do not have any conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Plant Science and Biodiversity Centre, Slovak Academy of Sciences 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Life ScienceHunan Agricultural UniversityChangshaChina
  2. 2.Institute of Environmental BiotechnologyChangsha Environmental Protection CollegeChangshaChina
  3. 3.State Key Laboratory of Developmental Biology of Freshwater FishHunan Normal UniversityChangshaPeople’s Republic of China

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