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Biologia

pp 1–9 | Cite as

Labelling of individual ependymal areas in the third and fourth ventricle of the human brain: ependymal tables

  • Alexander Mitro
  • Mária LorencováEmail author
  • Renáta Mikušová
  • Paulína Gálfiová
  • Viera Kútna
  • Štefan Polák
Original Article
  • 20 Downloads

Abstract

The ependymal lining of the walls of the human brain third ventricle (3v), fourth ventricle (4v) and aqueductus cerebri (A) was studied. For a better localization of different ependymal areas, they were labelled by periventricular structures that represent a basic and stable part of brain nerve tissue and they are localized most closely to ventricle walls. Labelling of individual ependymal areas of the ventricle walls was composed of the number of a brain ventricle, letters: E – ependyma and abbreviation of a Latin name of the periventricular structure, e.g., the corpus mammillare is “CM“. Labelling of ependyma over the corpus mammillare is” 3vE – CM “Results of labelling of ependymal areas were arranged in the form of tables called “ependymal table “(ET), i.e., ET for 3v; ET for 4v; ET for A. It is believed that labelling of individual ependymal areas according to periventricular structures could be useful for unambiguous labelling of ependyma of the ventricle walls and will help to a mutual comparison of the same types of ependymal areas studied by various authors.

Keywords

Human central nervous system; walls of the third and fourth brain ventricles; cerebral aqueduct; ependymal areas; ependymal tables 

Abbreviations

3v

Ventriculus tertius (third ventricle)

4v

Ventriculus quartus (fourth ventricle)

A

Aqueductus cerebri (cerebral aqueduct)

CA

Commissura anterior (anterior commissure)

cc

Canalis centralis medullae spinalis (central canal of spinal cord)

CF

Corpus fornicis (fornix body)

CHO

Chiasma opticum (optic chiasm)

CM

Corpus mammillare (mammillary body)

COI

Colliculus inferior (inferior colliculus)

CP

Commissura posterior (posterior commissure)

FI

Fossa interpeduncularis (interpeduncular fossa)

FIV

Foramen interventriculare (interventricular foramen)

H

Hypothalamus (hypothalamus)

I

Infundibulum (infundibulum)

Lv

Ventriculus lateralis (lateral ventricle)

NCT

Nucleus centromedialis thalami (centromedial nucleus of thalamus)

NH

Nucleus habenularis (habenular nucleus)

NMT

Nuclei mediales thalami (medial nuclei of thalamus)

NPI

Nuclei praeoptici (preoptic nuclei)

P

Pons (pons)

PC

Pedunculus cerebri (cerebral peduncle)

PCS

Pedunculus cerebellaris superior (peduncle cerebellar superior)

T

Thalamus, (thalamus)

TMT

Tractus mamillothalamicus (mammillothalamic tract)

VMS

Velum medullare superius (superior medullary velum)

Notes

Conflict of interest statement

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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Copyright information

© Slovak Academy of Sciences 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alexander Mitro
    • 1
  • Mária Lorencová
    • 1
    Email author
  • Renáta Mikušová
    • 1
  • Paulína Gálfiová
    • 1
  • Viera Kútna
    • 2
  • Štefan Polák
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Histology and Embryology, Faculty of MedicineComenius UniversityBratislavaSlovakia
  2. 2.National Institute of Mental HealthKlecanyCzech Republic

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