Advertisement

Biologia

, Volume 74, Issue 1, pp 53–64 | Cite as

Pannonic salt marshes revealed six new spiders to Slovakia (Araneae: Gnaphosidae, Linyphiidae, Lycosidae, Theridiidae)

  • Peter Gajdoš
  • Ľudmila Černecká
  • Anna Šestáková
Original Article
  • 53 Downloads

Abstract

Inland salt marshes and salt steppes are among the most endangered types of habitats listed in the Habitats Directive. The understanding of this fauna is poor although many rare species live here. From 2016 to 2018 we studied the spider communities of five salt marsh localities in the Slovak part of the Pannonian region belonging to Natura 2000 sites. The research revealed six very rare species: Gnaphosa rufula, Zelotes tenuis, Metopobactrus deserticola, Tallusia vindobonensis, Pardosa maisa and Theridion uhligi, all recorded for the first time in Slovakia. Their characteristic features, photos of habitus and genitalia, notes on their phenology, habitat, an overview of the presently known distribution, and the dominant species of spider assemblages are presented.

Keywords

Arachnida Faunistics First records Inland salt marshes Pannonian basin 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We are grateful to Ken Schneider and Clarissa Bush who improved English of the manuscript. Our thanks go also to Ján Černecký who made the map of the localities, to Vladimír Janský and Natural History Museum – SNM in Bratislava for photography equipment and to Oto Majzlan for the photos of study sites. The contribution was prepared within the grant project of the Ministry of Education of the Slovak Republic and the Slovak Academy of Sciences No. 2/0171/16 “Changes in Slovak Landscape Driven by European Union Agricultural Policy” and partially funded by the Operational Program of Research and Development and co-financed with the European Fund for Regional Development (EFRD). ITMS 26230120004 “Building of research and development infrastructure for investigation of genetic biodiversity of organisms and joining IBOL initiative”.

Funding

This study was funded by Ministry of Education of the Slovak Republic and the Slovak Academy of Sciences (No. 2/0171/16 and No. 2/0097/16).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

Author Peter Gajdoš has received research grant from Ministry of Education of the Slovak Republic and the Slovak Academy of Sciences.

Ethical approval

All procedures performed in studies involving animals were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institution or practice at which the studies were conducted. This article does not contain any studies with human participants performed by any of the authors.

References

  1. Balogh J, Loksa I (1947) Faunistische Angaben über die Spinnen des Karpatenbeckens II. Fragm Faun Hung 10:61–68Google Scholar
  2. Blagoev GA (2002) Check list of Macedonian spiders (Araneae). Acta Zool Bulg 54:9–34Google Scholar
  3. Bosmans R, Janssen M (1982) Araignées rares ou nouvelles pour la faune Belge. Bull Ann Soc Entomol Belg 118:281–286Google Scholar
  4. Bosmans R, Baert L, Bosselaers J, de Koninck H, Maelfait J-P, Van Keer J (2009) Spiders of Lesbos (Greece). Newsletter Belg Arachnol Soc 24(suppl):1–72Google Scholar
  5. Buchar J (1994) Biogeographical and ecological relations of wolf spiders in Czechoslovakia and in Central Europe. Boll Acc Gioenia Sci Nat 26:27–34. http://www.european-arachnology.org/wdp/wp-content/uploads/2015/08/027-034_Buchar.pdf. Accessed 10 Nov 2017
  6. Buchar J (1999) Některé nepublikované údaje o arachnofauně Slovenska. Entomofauna Carp 11:33–42Google Scholar
  7. Deák B, Valkó O, Tóthmérész B, Török P (2014) Alkali marshes of Central Europe – ecology, management and nature conservation. In: Shao H-B (ed) Salt marshes: ecosystem, vegetation and restoration strategies. Nova Science Publishers, New York, pp 1–11Google Scholar
  8. Déjean S (2012) Découverte en France de Theridion uhligi Martin, 1974 (Araneae, Theridiidae). Bull Mens Soc Linn Lyon 81:265–269CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Díťě D, Eliáš P, Šuvada R, Petrášová A, Melečková Z (2010) Current distribution and stage of community Artemisio santonici-Festucetum pseudovinae in Slovakia. Thaiszia J Bot 20:77–86 https://www.upjs.sk/public/media/5486/077-086-dite-et-al-upr.pdf. Accessed 16 Jan 2018Google Scholar
  10. Doflein F (1921) Mazedonien. Erlebnisse und Beobachtungen eines Naturforschers im Gefolge des Deutschen Heeres. Verlag von Gustav Fischer, JenaGoogle Scholar
  11. Dudás G, Kálmán D, Varga J (2001) Adatok Dél-Heves pókfaunájához. Folia Histrorico Musei Matraensis 25:69–78Google Scholar
  12. Duma I (2008) Theridion uhligi Martin, 1974 (Araneae: Theridiidae) new to Romania. Entomologica Romanica 13:297–299Google Scholar
  13. Esyunin SL (1996) New wolf-spider species (Lycosidae) from the Urals. Zool Zh 75:1149–1158Google Scholar
  14. Esyunin SL, Tuneva TK, Farzalieva GS (2007) Remarks on the Ural spider fauna (Arachnida, Aranei), 12. Spiders of the steppe zone of Orenburg region. Arthropoda Sel 16:43–63 http://kmkjournals.com/upload/PDF/ArthropodaSelecta/16/16_1_043_063_Esyunin.pdf. Accessed 15 Nov 2018Google Scholar
  15. Fehér A (2017) Vegetation history and cultural landscapes. Case studies from South-West Slovakia. Springer Verlag, Berlin.  https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-60267-7 Google Scholar
  16. Finch OD, Krummen H, Plaisier F, Schultz W (2007) Zonation of spiders (Araneae) and carabid beetles (Coleoptera: Carabidae) in inland salt marshes at the North Sea coast. Wetl Ecol Manag 15(3):207–228CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Gajdoš P (2010) Pavúky (Araneae) PR Šúr. In: Majzlan O, Vidlička O (eds) Príroda rezervácie Šúr. Ústav zoológie SAV, Bratislava, pp 89–104Google Scholar
  18. Hansen H (1995) Über die Arachniden-Fauna von urbanen Lebensräumen in Venedig - III. Die epigäischen Spinnen eines Stadtparkes (Arachnida: Araneae). Boll Mus Civ Stor Nat Venezia 44:7–36Google Scholar
  19. Hänggi A (1993) Beiträge zur Kenntnis der Spinnenfauna des Kantons Tessin IV - Weitere faunistisch bemerkenswerte Spinnenfunde der Tessiner Montanstufe. Mitt Schweiz Entomol Ges 66:303–316Google Scholar
  20. Hänggi A (1999) Nachträge zum 'Katalog der schweizerischen Spinnen. 2. Neunachweise von 1993 bis 1999. Arachnol Mitt 18:17–37.  https://doi.org/10.5431/aramit1802 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Hepner M, Milasowszky N (2007) Zelotes tenuis (Araneae: Gnaphosidae), neu für Österreich. Arachnol Mitt 33:18–20.  https://doi.org/10.5431/aramit3304 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Hippa H, Mannila R (1982) Pardosa maisa sp. n. (Araneae, Lycosidae) from northern Europe. Bull Br Arachnol Soc 5:420–422 http://britishspiders.org.uk/bulletin/050907.pdf. Accessed 15 Nov 2018Google Scholar
  23. Jedličková J (1988) Spiders (Aranei) of the Jurský šúr nature reserve Czechoslovakia. Biologické práce 34:1–170Google Scholar
  24. Jelínek A (2015) Arachnologický průzkum fauny pavouků (Araneae) přírodních rezervací Slanisko Novosedly a Slanisko Dobré Pole. Krajský úřad Jihomoravského kraje, BrnoGoogle Scholar
  25. Jocqué R (1977) Contribution à la connaissance des araignées de Belgique, V. Description de Theridion hublei n. sp. Revue Arachnologique 1:59–63Google Scholar
  26. Královičová A, Chrenková M, Galvánek D (2015) Slaniská Podunajska. Vzácne ostrovčeky v mori oračín. ŠOP SR, Banská BystricaGoogle Scholar
  27. Kulczyński W (1898) Symbola ad faunam aranearum Austriae inferioris cognoscendam, vol 36. Rozprawy i Sprawozdania z Posiedzen Wydzialu Matematyczno Przyrodniczego Akademji Umiejetnosci, Krakow, p 114Google Scholar
  28. Kupryjanowicz J (1995) Pardosa maisa Hippa et Mannila, 1982 in Poland (Araneae: Lycosidae). Bull Pol Aca Sci Biol 43:57–60Google Scholar
  29. Kupryjanowicz J (2003) Spiders (Araneae) of open habitats in the Biebrza National Park, Poland. Fragm Faun 46:209–237CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Loksa I (1981) The spider fauna of the Hortobágy National Park (Araneae). In: Mahunka S (ed) The fauna of the Hortobágy National Park, vol 1. Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest, pp 321–339Google Scholar
  31. Lőrinczi G, Bozsó M, Duma I, Petrescu M, Gallé R, Torma A (2011) Preliminary results on the invertebrate fauna (Araneae, Orthoptera, Heteroptera and Hymenoptera: Formicidae) of alkaline grasslands of the Hungarian-Romanian border. In: Körmöczi L (ed) Ecological and socio economic relations in the valleys of river Körös/Criş and river Maros/Mureş, Tiscia monograph series 9. Szeged-Arad, Hungary, pp 159–173Google Scholar
  32. Lukashevich IG (2004) Ecological studies on wolf spiders (Lycosidae, Araneae) in Central Belarus: seasonal activities and habitat preferences observed by pitfall trapping. In: Samu F, Cs S (eds) European Arachnology 2002. Plant Protection Institute (Budapest) & Berzsenyi College (Szombathely), Hungary, pp 171–177Google Scholar
  33. Martin D (1974) Theridium uhligi nov. spec., eine bisher unbekannte Kugelspinne (Araneae: Theridiidae). Deutsche Entomol Zeitschrift (NF) 22:113–115Google Scholar
  34. Melečková Z, Galvánek D, Dítě D, Eliáš P (2013) Effect of experimental top soil removal on vegetation of Pannonian salt steppes. Cent Eur J Biol (12):1204–1215.  https://doi.org/10.2478/s11535-013-0227-4
  35. Milasowszky N, Buchar J, Zulka KP (1999) Morphological variation in Pardosa maisa Hippa & Mannila 1982 (Araneae, Lycosidae). Senckenberg Biol 79:11–18Google Scholar
  36. Milasowszky N, Zulka KP (1998) Pardosa maisa (Araneae, Lycosidae) in eastern Austria, with data on habitat and phenology. Bull Br Arachnol Soc 11:23–25Google Scholar
  37. Nentwig W, Blick T, Gloor D, Hänggi A, Kropf C (2018) Spiders of Europe. Version 04.2018. http://www.araneae.unibe.ch/. Accessed 16 April 2018
  38. Ovtsharenko VI, Platnick NI, Song DX (1992) A review of the north Asian ground spiders of the genus Gnaphosa (Araneae, Gnaphosidae). Bull Am Mus Nat Hist 212:1–88 http://hdl.handle.net/2246/907 Google Scholar
  39. Pantini P, Isaia M (2017) Checklist of the Italian spiders (Version May 2017). http://www.museoscienzebergamo.it/web/index.php?option=com_content&view=category&layout=blog&id=96&Itemid=94. Accessed 10 Nov 2017
  40. Pavesi P (1878) Nuovi risultati aracnologi dellecrociere del Violante. Aggiunto un catalogo sistematico degliaracnidi di Grecia. Ann Mus Civ Stor Nat Gen 11:337–396Google Scholar
  41. Pecho J, Faško P, Melo M (2008) Precipitation deficit periods in the Danubian lowland in Slovakia. http://www.shmu.sk/File/ExtraFiles/KMIS/pub_cinnost/Pecho_et_al_2008_sucho.pdf. Accessed 23 March 2018
  42. Piterkina TV (2011) Spatial and temporal structure of the spider community in the clay semi-desert of western Kazakhstan. Arachnol Mitt 40:94–104.  https://doi.org/10.5431/aramit4011 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Polenec A, Thaler K (1980) Zwei wenig bekannte Deckennetzspinnen Südost-Europas: Centromerus vindobonensis Kulczynski und Leptyphantes istrianus Kulczynski (Arachnida: Araneae: Linyphiidae). Senckenberg Biol 61:103–111Google Scholar
  44. Ponomarev AV (2008a) The additional data to the spider fauna (Aranei) of the south of Russia and Western Kazakhstan: new taxa and finds. Caucas Entomol Bull 4(1):49–61Google Scholar
  45. Ponomarev AV (2008b) The additional data to the spider fauna (Aranei) of the south-east of Russian plain. Vestn Yushn Nautshn Zentra 4(3):78–86Google Scholar
  46. Prinsen JD (1996) Theridion uhligi Martin, 1974 (Araneae: Theridiidae), een zeldzame kogelspin van heideterreinen. Nieuwsbrief SPINED 10:4–7Google Scholar
  47. Samu F, Szita É, Botos E (2010) Short and longer-term colonization of alfalfa by spiders – a case study into the succession of perennial fields. In: Nentwig W, Entlig M, Kropf C (eds) Proceedings of the 24th European Congress of Arachnology. Natural History Museum, Bern, pp 153–163Google Scholar
  48. Sas-Kovács ÉH, Urák I, Sas-Kovács I (2013) First record of the rare species Pardosa maisa Hippa & Mannila, 1982 (Araneae: Lycosidae) in Romania. Arch Biol Sci Belgrade 65:1605–1608.  https://doi.org/10.2298/ABS1304605S CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Sádovský M, Eliáš P, Dítě D (2004) Distribution of halophytic communities in southwestern Slovakia: history and present. Bull Slov Bot Spoloč Suppl 10:127–129Google Scholar
  50. Schmidt MH, Lefebvre G, Poulin B, Tscharntke T (2005) Reed cutting affects arthropod communities, potentially reducing food for passerine birds. Biol Conserv 121:157–166.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2004.03.032 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Senglet A (2011) New species in the Zelotes tenuis-group and new or little known species in other Zelotes groups (Gnaphosidae, Araneae). Rev Suisse Zool 118:513–559CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. Staręga W (1984) Materiały do znajomości rozmieszczenia pająków (Aranei) w Polsce. Fragm Faun 28:79–136Google Scholar
  53. Svatoň J (1981) Einige neue oder unvollkommen bekannte Spinnenarten aus der Slowakei. Biológia 36:167–177Google Scholar
  54. Szinetár C, Guitprecht G (2001) A Pardosa maisa Hippa & Mannila, 1982 előkerülése Magyarországon (Araneae, Lycosidae). Fol Mus Hist-Nat Bakon 17-1998:87–96Google Scholar
  55. Szinetár C, Kovacs P, Eichardt J (2015) A kisalföldi meszes homokpuszta katonai használatú gyepterületeinek pókfaunája. In: Takács G, Cs S (eds) A kisalföldi meszes homokpuszta katonai használatú területeinek élővilága: Tanulmánygyűjtemény. Rence 1. Fertő-Hanság Nemzeti Park Igazgatóság, Sarród, pp 237–260Google Scholar
  56. Szita É, Botos E, Samu F (1998a) Adatok a Körös-Maros National Nemzeti Park pókfaunájához. Crisicum 1:100–104Google Scholar
  57. Szita É, Samu F, Bleicher K, Botos E (1998b) Data to the spider fauna (Araneae) of Körös-Maros National Park (Hungary). Acta Phytopathol Entomol Hung 33:341–348Google Scholar
  58. Szita É, Samu F, Botos E (1999) Újabb adatok a Körös-Maros Nemzeti Park pókfaunájához. Crisicum 2:93–97Google Scholar
  59. Szita É, Samu F, Botos E (2000) Analiza comparativă ale asociaţiilor de araneide (Araneae) din Blaskovics puszta (KMNP). Crisicum 3:155–162 http://www.kmnp.hu/_user/browser/File/CRISICUM%20III_/III_155_162_Szita_RO.pdf. Accessed 10 Nov 2018Google Scholar
  60. Szita É, Samu F, Cs S, Dudás G, Botos E, Horváth R, Szalkovszki O (2006) New data on the occurrence of Gnaphosa rufula (L. Koch, 1866) and Gnaphosa mongolica Simon, 1895 in Hungary. Acta Zool Bulg Suppl 1:329–334Google Scholar
  61. Thaler K (1997) Tallusia pindos n.sp. aus N-Griechenland (Araneae, Linyphiidae). Linzer Biol Beitr 29:377–384Google Scholar
  62. van Helsdingen PJ (2018) Araneae: Fauna Europaea. Version 2018.03, http://fauna-eu.org/. Accessed 20 March 2018
  63. Vrenozi B, Jäger P (2012) A faunistic study on ground-dwelling spiders (Araneae) in the Tirana district, Albania. Arachnol Mitt 44:81–87CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  64. World Spider Catalog (2018) World spider catalog, version 19.5. Natural History Museum Bern, http://wsc.nmbe.ch/. Accessed 16 Sept 2018
  65. Zamani A, Mirshamsi O, Dolejš P, Marusik YM, Esyunin SL, Hula V, Ponel P (2017) New data on the spider fauna of Iran (Arachnida: Araneae), part IV. Acta Arachnol 66:55–71  https://doi.org/10.2476/asjaa.66.55 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  66. Zamani A, Mozaffarian F (2017) Further spider (Arachnida: Araneae) material deposited in the agricultural zoology Museum of Iran (AZMI), Iranian research Institute of Plant Protection. Arachnol Mitt 54:8–20  https://doi.org/10.5431/aramit5403 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  67. Zhuravel N, Polchaninova NY, Lezhenina I, Drogvalenko O, Putchkov AV (2016) Preliminary survey of the ground-dwelling arthropods of the flood-plain meadows in the southeast of Poltava region (Ukraine). Biol Bull Bogdan Chmelnitskiy Melitopol State Pedagogical University 6:5–17.  https://doi.org/10.15421/201664 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  68. Zulka KP, Milasowszky N, Lethmayer C (1997) Spider biodiversity potential of an ungrazed and a grazed inland salt meadow in the National Park 'Neusiedler see-Seewinkel' (Austria): implications for management (Arachnida: Araneae). Biodivers Conserv 6:75–88CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Institute of Zoology, Slovak Academy of Sciences 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Peter Gajdoš
    • 1
  • Ľudmila Černecká
    • 2
  • Anna Šestáková
    • 3
  1. 1.Slovak Academy of SciencesInstitute of Landscape EcologyNitraSlovakia
  2. 2.Slovak Academy of SciencesInstitute of Forest EcologyZvolenSlovakia
  3. 3.The Western Slovakian MuseumTrnavaSlovakia

Personalised recommendations