Lithobius (Ezembius) polyommatus sp. n. and Lithobius (Ezembius) dulanensis sp. n. (Lithobiomorpha: Lithobiidae), two new species from Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, China
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Lithobius (Ezembius) polyommatus sp. n. and Lithobius (Ezembius) dulanensis sp. n. discovered from Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, China, are described. The two new species are morphologically similar, but could be distinguished by having mostly 12 ocelli other than 14 ocelli, anterior accessory spur absent versus present on legs 14, dorsal sulci on male 14th legs absent versus present and dorsal lateral setae short, only the largest as stout as the general setae instead of only long setae on the second article of the female gonopod. A key to the Chinese species of Ezembius is presented.
KeywordsChina Lithobiidae Lithobius (Ezembius) polyommatus sp. n. Lithobius (Ezembius) dulanensis sp. n. Qinghai-Tibet plateau
This study was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC grant No. 31572239), The Strategic Priority Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (XDA2002030302), National Key R&D Program of China (2017YFC0506405), Qinghai Key R&D and Transformation Program (2019-SF-150) and the Construction Fund for Qinghai Key Laboratories (2017-ZJ-Y23). We are grateful to Dr. Gregory D. Edgecombe, London, U. K., Dr. Pavel Stoev, Sofia, Bulgaria, and Dr. Marzio Zapparoli, Viterbo, Italy, for their hospitality and everlasting help during our research, respectively. We thank Dr. Rowland M. Shelley, North Carolina, USA, and Dr. His-Te Shih, Taichung, China, for providing us with invaluable literature. Thanks must go to Dr. Zizhong Yang and Dr. Zhisheng Zhang for their help in preparing the paper.
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest. We declare that we do not have any commercial or associative interest that represents a conflict of interest in connection with the work submitted.
Statement on the welfare of animals
Our study was performed in strict accordance with the recommendations in the Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals of the National Institutes of Health. The protocol was approved by the Committee on the Ethics of Animal Experiments of the Northwest Institute of Plateau Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences (Permit Number: NWIPB-2014-023).
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