, Volume 62, Issue 1, pp 2–5

Morphology and anatomy of Echinacea purpurea, E. angustifolia, E. pallida and Parthenium integrifolium

  • Ingrid Mistríková
  • Štefánia Vaverková


The Echinacea species are native to the Atlantic drainage area of the United States of America and Canada. They have been introduced as cultivated medicinal plants in Europe. Echinacea purpurea, E. angustifolia and E. pallida are the species most often used medicinally due to their immune-stimulating properties. This review is focused on morphological and anatomical characteristics of E. purpurea, E. angustifolia, E. pallida, because various species are often misidentified and specimens are often confused in the medicinal plant market.

Key words

anatomy morphology medicinal plants underground parts 


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Copyright information

© Institute of Botany, Slovak Academy of Sciences 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ingrid Mistríková
    • 1
  • Štefánia Vaverková
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Pharmacognosy and Botany, Faculty of PharmacyComenius UniversityBratislava 3Slovakia

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