Advertisement

Helminthologia

, Volume 47, Issue 4, pp 212–218 | Cite as

Structure of Metastrongylidae in wild boars from southern Poland

  • P. NosalEmail author
  • J. Kowal
  • B. Nowosad
Article

Summary

Of 25 wild boars (Sus scrofa) collected in southern Poland during the winter season of 2009/2010 and examined for lung nematodes, 20 (80.0 %) were concominantly infected, and the mean ± SD intensity reached 84.8 ± 67.6 (range 7–250) parasites. From the whole of 1695 gathered Metastrongylidae specimens, 1121 (66.1 %) were distinguished to five species: Metastrongylus pudendotectus, M. salmi, M. asymmetricus, M. elongatus and M. confusus. The species ratios were 3.4:2.7:1.5:1.1:1.0, respectively, with the average male to female worms proportion of 1:2.7. M. pudendotectus and M. confusus affected most (76.0 %) of animals, followed by M. salmi (72.0 %), M. elongatus (64.0 %) and M. asymmetricus (40.0 %). Compared to juveniles under 1 year and females, adults and male hosts tended to be more infected, and wild boars inhabiting primeval forest were more affected by lung nematodes than those living in the arable land, all the differences being however not significant. Possible factors structuring Metastrongylidae communities are discussed.

Keywords

Metastrongylus spp. wild boars southern Poland 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Barutzki, D., Richter, R. (1990): Investigations on the endoparasitic infection of wild boars from open areas. Z. Jagdwiss. 36: 244–251 (in German)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Barutzki, D., Schoierer, R., Gothe, R. (1990): Helminth infections in wild boars kept in enclosures in southern Germany: species spectrum and infection frequency. Tieraerztl. Prax., 18(5): 529–534 (in German)Google Scholar
  3. Barutzki, D., Schoierer, R., Gothe, R. (1991): Helminth infections in wild boars kept in enclosures in southern Germany: severity of infections and fecal intensity. Tieraerztl. Prax., 19(6): 644–648 (in German)Google Scholar
  4. Biddau, M., Cherchi, M., Cabras, P. A., Mesina, G., Deiana, A. M., Garippa, G. (2003): Lungworms in wild boars from the Nuoro Province. J. Mt. Ecol., 7(Suppl.): 185–187 (in Italian)Google Scholar
  5. De-la-muela, N., Hernández-de-luján, S., Ferre, I. (2001): Helminths of wild boar in Spain. J. Wildl. Dis., 37(4): 840–843PubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. Drożdż, J., Zalewska-schönthaler, N. (1987): Metastrongylus confusus Jansen, 1964 — a new for Poland lung nematode of wild boar. Wiad. Parazytol., 33: 217–218 (in Polish)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. Epe, C., Spellmeyer, O., Stoye, M. (1997): Investigations on the occurrence of endoparasites in wild boars. Z. Jagdwiss., 43: 99–104 (in German)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Ewing, M. S., Ewing, S. A., Keener, M. S., Mulholland, R. J. (1982): Mutualism among parasitic nematodes: a population model. Ecol. Mod., 15(4): 353–366CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Fernandez-de-mera, I. G., Gortazar, C., Vicente, J., HÖFLE, U., Fierro, Y. (2003): Wild boar helminths: risks in animal translocations. Vet. Parasitol., 115: 335–341CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. Forrester, D. J., Porter, J. H., Belden, R. C., Frankenburger, W. B. (1982): Lungworms of feral swine in Florida. J. Am. Vet. Med. Assoc., 181(11): 1278–1280PubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. Frączak, K. (1974): An attempt at determining the role of parasites as a factor controlling the numbers of a wild boar (Sus scrofa) population. Wiad. Parazytol., 5: 747–749Google Scholar
  12. Gadomska, K. (1981): The qualitative and quantitative structure of the helminthocoenosis of wild boar (Sus scrofa L.) living in natural (Kampinos National Park) and breeding conditions. Acta Parasit. Pol., 28: 151–170Google Scholar
  13. Holló F. 1965a. Investigations on metastrongylosis in swine. I. Frequency of metastrongylosis and species causing it in Hungary. Acta Vet. Acad. Sci. Hung., 15: 45–60PubMedGoogle Scholar
  14. Holló F. 1965b. Investigations on metastrongylosis in swine. II. Some remarks to the morphology of Metastrongylus salmi, Gedoelst, 1923 with special reference to its differentiation from M. apri. Acta Vet. Acad. Sci. Hung., 15: 259–268PubMedGoogle Scholar
  15. Holz, J., Lian, A. G. T. (1968): The differences in virulence of Metastrongylus elongatus (Dujardin, 1845) and M. pudendotectus (Wostokow, 1905) species to Sus scrofa (javanica). Wiad. Parazytol., 14(1): 79–82 (in Polish)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  16. Houszka, M. (2001): Metastrongylosis as an agent in the population decrease of wild boars. Medycyna Wet., 57: 638–640 (in Polish)Google Scholar
  17. Humbert, J. F., Henry, C. (1989): Studies on the prevalence and the transmission of lung and stomach nematodes of the wild boar (Sus scrofa) in France. J. Wildl. Dis., 25(3): 335–341PubMedGoogle Scholar
  18. Jansen J. (1964): On the lungworms of the wild boar (Sus scrofa L.) in the Netherlands, with a description of Metastrongylus confusus n.sp. Tijdschr. Diergeneesk., 89: 1205–1211Google Scholar
  19. JÄRVIS, T., Kapel, C., Moks, E., Talvik, H., MÄGI, E. (2007): Helminths of wild boar in the isolated population close to the northern border of its habitat area. Vet. Parasitol., 150: 366–369CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  20. Kamieniarz, R., Panek M. (2008): Game animals in Poland at the turn of the 20thand 21stcentury. Czempiń, Stacja Badawcza — OHZ PZŁ w Czempiniu, pp. 46–49 (in Polish)Google Scholar
  21. Morita, T., Haruta, K., Shibata-Haruta, A., Kanda, E., Imai, S, Ike, K. (2007): Lung worms of wild boars in the western region of Tokyo, Japan. J. Vet. Med. Sci., 69: 417–420CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  22. Noda, R. (1973): A new species of Metastrongylus (Nematoda) from a wild boar with remarks on other species. Bull. Univ. Osaka Pref. Ser. B, 25: 21–29Google Scholar
  23. Nosal, P., Kowal, J., Nowosad, B., Morawski, P. (2009a): Foreign parasites in European wild boar population. In Parazytozy zwierząt wolno żyjących: ᅠwiadomoᅠć narastającego problemu, September 21–22, 2009. Warsaw, Poland: Institute of Parasitology, Polish Academy of Siences, Warsaw, Poland, 2009, p. 61 (in Polish)Google Scholar
  24. Nosal, P., Morawski, P., Kowal, J., Nowosad, B. (2009b): The first record of the lungworm, Metastrongylus asymmetricus (Noda, 1973), in the wild boar from Poland. Wiad. Parazytol., 55(3): 227–230 (in Polish)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  25. Pence, D. B., Warren, R. J., Ford, C. R. (1988): Visceral helminth communities of an insular population of feral swine. J. Wildl. Dis., 24(1): 105–112PubMedGoogle Scholar
  26. Rajković-Janje, R., Bosnić, S., Rimac, D., Dragičević, P., Vinković, B. (2002): Prevalence of helminths in wild boar from hunting grounds in eastern Croatia. Z. Jagdwiss., 48: 261–270Google Scholar
  27. Roepstorff, A., Nansen, P. (1998): Epidemiology, Diagnosis and Control of Helminth Parasites of Swine. Rome, FAO, 161 pp.Google Scholar
  28. RÓZSA, L., Reiczigel, J., Majoros, G. (2000): Quantifying parasites in samples of hosts. J. Parasitol., 86(2): 228–232PubMedGoogle Scholar
  29. Sato, H., Suzuki, K., Yokoyama M. (2008): Visceral helminths of wild boars (Sus scrofa leucomystax) in Japan, with special reference to a new species of the genus Morgascaridia Inglis, 1958 (Nematoda: Schneidernematidae). J. Helminthol., 82: 159–168CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  30. Sobieszewski, K. (1969): Metastrongylosis of swine originating from the Lublin Palatinate. Acta Parasitol. Pol., 16: 91–95Google Scholar
  31. Tarczyński, S. (1956): Parasitic worms of swine and wild boars in Poland. Acta Parasitol. Pol., 4: 663–779 (in Polish)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© © Versita Warsaw and Springer-Verlag Wien 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Zoology and EcologyUniversity of Agriculture in KrakowKrakówPoland

Personalised recommendations