Acta Parasitologica

, Volume 57, Issue 2, pp 101–113 | Cite as

Phylogenic analysis of Chinese Leishmania isolates based on small subunit ribosomal RNA (SSU rRNA) and 7 spliced leader RNA (7SL RNA)

  • Wang Guan
  • De-Ping Cao
  • Ke sun
  • Jia-nan Xu
  • Jun-rong Zhang
  • Da-Li Chen
  • Jian-Ping Chen
Original Paper


The leishmaniases are zoonotic diseases caused by protozoan parasites of the genus Leishmania. Leishmaniases are still endemic in China, especially in the west and northwest froniter regions. To revalue the preliminary phylogenetic results of Chinese Leishmania isolates, we amplified partial fragment of small subunit ribosomal RNA (SSU rRNA) and 7 spliced leader RNA (7SL RNA), then tested the phylogenetic relationships among Chinese Leishmania isolates and their relatives by analyzing SSU rRNA gene sequences and 7SL RNA gene sequences. 19 SSU RNA sequences and 9 7SL RNA sequences were obtained in our study, then analyzed with 42 SSU RNA sequences and 32 7SL RNA sequences retrieved from Genbank, respectively. In the Bayesian analysis of the SSU RNA gene, the isolate MHOM/CN/93/GS7 and the isolate IPHL/CN/77/XJ771 are members of Leishmania donovani complex, while the isolate MHOM/CN/84/JS1 clustered with Leishmania tropica. The other 11 Chinese Leishmania isolates (MHOM/CN/90/WC, MCAN/CN/90/SC11, MHOM/CN/80/XJ801, MHOM/CN/85/GS4, MHOM/CN/84/SD1, MCAN/CN/86/SC7, MHOM/CN/54/#3, MHOM/CN/83/GS2, MHOM/CN/90/SC10H2, MHOM/CN/89/GS6 and MHOM/CN/ 89/GS5) form an unclassified group, defined as Leishmania sp., and the most relative species to this group is L. tarentolae. In the Bayesian analysis of the 7SL RNA gene, 9 Chinese Leishmania isolates also formed an unclassified group with L. tarentolae, including canine isolate 10, MHOM/CN/85/GS4, MHOM/CN/84/SD1, MCAN/CN/86/SC7, MHOM/CN/54/#3, MHOM/ CN/83/GS2, MHOM/CN/90/SC10H2, MHOM/CN/89/GS6 and MHOM/CN/89/GS5. We concluded that: (1) Chinese Leishmania isolates are non-monophyly group; (2) an unclassified group may exist in China, and the most relative species to this group is L. tarentolae; (3) MHOM/CN/84/JS1, which was previously assigned as L. donovani, was most genetically related to L. tropica strain MHOM/SU/74/K27.


Leishmania phylogeny SSU RNA 7SL RNA China 


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Copyright information

© Versita Warsaw and Springer-Verlag Wien 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Parasitology, School of Preclinical and Forensic MedicineSichuan UniversityChengduSichuan, China
  2. 2.Department of ParasitologyNorth Sichuan Medical CollegeNanchongSichuan Province, China
  3. 3.Institute of ParasitologyMedical College of Qinghai UmiversityXining City, Qinghai ProvinceChina
  4. 4.Animal Disease Prevention and Food Safety Key Laboratory of Sichuan ProvinceSichuan UniversityChengdu, SichuanChina

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