Acta Parasitologica

, Volume 55, Issue 1, pp 71–80 | Cite as

Some trichinelloid nematodes from marine fishes off New Caledonia, including description of Pseudocapillaria novaecaledoniensis sp. nov. (Capillariidae)

  • František Moravec
  • Jean-Lou Justine


Examinations of materials of trichinelloid nematodes recently collected from the digestive tract of marine fishes off New Caledonia, South Pacific, revealed the presence of several species of the families Capillariidae and Trichosomoididae, including capillariids Pseudocapillaria novaecaledoniensis sp. nov. from the deep-sea Pristipomoides argyrogrammicus (Valenciennes) (Lutjanidae) and Pseudocapillaria echenei (Parukhin, 1967) from Echeneis naucrates Linnaeus (Echeneidae), and the trichosomoidid Huffmanela sp. (female) from Bodianus perditio (Quoy et Gaimard) (Labridae). P. novaecaledoniensis is characterized mainly by the structure and length (318–321 µm) of spicule and the presence of a dorsal cuticular membrane interconnecting both ventrolateral caudal lobes in the male (subgenus Ichthyocapillaria Moravec, 1982). The previously poorly known P. echenei is redescribed and recorded for the first time from the South Pacific Ocean. In addition, five morphologically different types of capillariid females without generic identification, designated as Capillariidae gen. spp. 1–5, each of them probably representing a new species, were recorded from Fistularia commersonii Rüppell (Fistulariidae), Synodus dermatogenys Fowler (Synodontidae), Carangoides oblongus (Cuvier) (Carangidae), Diagramma pictum (Thunberg) (Haemulidae) and Stegostoma fasciatum (Hermann) (Stegostomidae), respectively. Capillaria decapteri is transferred to Pseudocapillaria Mendonça, 1963 as P. decapteri (Luo, 2001) comb. nov.


Parasitic nematode Capillariidae Pseudocapillaria Trichosomoididae Huffmanela marine fish New Caledonia South Pacific 


L’examen de Nématodes Trichinelloidea récemment récoltés dans le tube digestif de poissons marins de Nouvelle-Calédonie, Pacifique Sud, a révélé la présence de plusieurs espèces des familles Capillariidae et Trichosomoididae, à savoir les Capillariidae Pseudocapillaria novaecaledoniensis sp. nov. du poisson de profondeur Pristipomoides argyrogrammicus (Valenciennes) (Lutjanidae) et Pseudocapillaria echenei (Parukhin, 1967) chez Echeneis naucrates Linnaeus (Echeneidae), et le Trichosomoididae Huffmanela sp. (femelle) chez Bodianus perditio (Quoy et Gaimard) (Labridae). P. novaecaledoniensis est caractérisé principalement par la structure et la longueur (318–321 µm) du spicule et la présence d’une membrane cuticulaire dorsale connectant les deux lobes ventrolatéraux chez le male (sous-genre Ichthyocapillaria Moravec, 1982). L’espèce P. echenei, auparavant peu connue, est redécrite et mentionnée pour la première fois de l’Océan Pacifique Sud. De plus, cinq différents types morphologiques de Capillariidae femelles sans identification générique, désignés comme Capillariidae gen. spp. 1–5, chacun d’eux représentant probablement une nouvelle espèce, sont mentionnés respectivement chez Fistularia commersonii Rüppell (Fistulariidae), Synodus dermatogenys Fowler (Synodontidae), Carangoides oblongus (Cuvier) (Carangidae), Diagramma pictum (Thunberg) (Haemulidae), et Stegostoma fasciatum (Hermann) (Stegostomidae). Capillaria decapteri est transféré dans Pseudocapillaria Mendonça, 1963 comme P. decapteri (Luo, 2001) comb. nov.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Bauer O.N., Musselius V.A., Nikolaeva V.M., Strelkov Yu.A. 1977. Ichthyopathology. Pishchevaya Promyshlenost, Moscow, 432 pp. (In Russian).Google Scholar
  2. Bray R.A., Justine J.-L. 2009. Neolebouria blatta n. sp. (Digenea: Opecoelidae) from Pristipomoides argyrogrammicus (Valenciennes) and Etelis carbunculus Cuvier (Perciformes: Lutjanidae) off New Caledonia. Systematic Parasitology, 74, 161–167. DOI: 10.1007/s11230-009-9215-5.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Carballo M.C., Navone G.T. 2007. A new Huffmanela species (Nematoda: Trichosomoididae) parasitizing atherinid fishes in north Patagonian gulfs, Argentina. Journal of Parasitology, 93, 377–382. DOI: 10.1645/GE-971R.1.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. Cribb T.H., Bray R.A. 2010. Gut wash, body soak, blender, and fixation: approaches to the effective collection and preservation of trematodes, especially of fishes. Systematic Parasitology, in press.Google Scholar
  5. Esteves A., Seixas F., Carvalho S., Nazário N., Mendes M., Martins C. 2009. Huffmanela sp. (Nematoda: Trichosomoididae) muscular parasite from Trisopterus luscus captured off the Portuguese coast. Diseases of Aquatic Organisms, 84, 251–255. DOI: 10.3354/dao02048.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. Fricke R., Kulbicki M. 2007. Checklist of the shore fishes of New Caledonia. In: (Eds. C.E. Payri and B. Richer de Forges) Compendium of Marine Species from New Caledonia (Documents Scientifiques et Techniques II7, Deuxième édition). Institut de Recherche pour le Développement, Nouméa, New Caledonia, 357–401.Google Scholar
  7. Froese R., Pauly D. (Eds.) 2009. FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication,, version August/2009.Google Scholar
  8. Ghittino P. 1961. Su una capillariosi epatica in trote di allevamento e in altri teleostei delle acque libere del bacino del Po in Piemonte, con descrizione di una nueva specie (Capillaria eupomotis). Rivista di Parassitologia, 22, 193–204.Google Scholar
  9. Hasegawa H., Williams E.H., Bunkley-Williams L. 1991. Nematode parasites from marine fishes of Okinawa, Japan. Journal of the Helminthological Society of Washington, 58, 186–197.Google Scholar
  10. Hoffman G.L. 1982. Capillaria catostomi, a new pathogenic nematode of golden shiners and other fishes. In: Proceedings Catfish of Farmers of America. Research Workshop, Biloxi, Mississippi, USA, 1982, 49–50.Google Scholar
  11. Huffman D.G., Moravec F. 1988. First description of adult Huffmanela huffmani Moravec, 1987 (Nematoda: Trichosomoididae) from the swimbladder of centrarchid fishes of the upper San Marcos River, central Texas. Folia Parasitologica, 35, 227–234.Google Scholar
  12. Johnston T.H., Mawson P.M. 1944. Remarks on some parasitic nematodes from Australia and New Zealand. Transactions of the Royal Society of South Australia, 68, 60–66.Google Scholar
  13. Johnston T.H., Mawson P.M. 1945a. Capillariid nematodes from South Australian fish and birds. Transactions of the Royal Society of South Australia, 69, 243–248.Google Scholar
  14. Johnston T.H., Mawson P.M. 1945b. Parasitic nematodes. Reports of British, Australian and New Zealand Antarctic Research Expedition 1929–1931, 5(Part 2), 73–159.Google Scholar
  15. Johnston T.H., Mawson P.M. 1951. Additional nematodes from Australian fish. Transactions of the Royal Society of South Australia, 74, 18–24.Google Scholar
  16. Justine J.-L. 2004. Three new species of Huffmanela Moravec, 1987 (Nematoda: Trichosomoididae) from the gills of marine fish off New Caledonia. Systematic Parasitology, 59, 29–37. DOI: 10.1023/B:SYPA.0000038442.25230.8b.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  17. Justine J.-L. 2005. Huffmanela lata n. sp. (Nematoda: Trichosomoididae: Huffmanelinae) from the shark Carcharhinus amblyrhynchos (Elasmobranchii: Carcharhinidae) off New Caledonia. Systematic Parasitology, 61, 181–184. DOI: 10.1007/s11230-005-3160-8.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  18. Justine J.-L. 2007. Huffmanela spp. (Nematoda, Trichosomoididae) parasites in coral reef fishes off New Caledonia, with descriptions of H. balista n. sp. and H. longa n. sp. Zootaxa, 1628, 23–41.Google Scholar
  19. Košuth P. 1997. Capillariosis of aquarium fish. In: (Eds. J. Kolářová B. Vykusová and Z. Svobodová) Ochrana zdraví ryb. Výzkumný ústav rybářský a hydrobiologický JU. Vodňany, Czech Republic, 127–132 (In Slovak with abstract in English).Google Scholar
  20. Kutzer E., Otte E. 1966. Capillaria petruschewskii (Schulman, 1948): Morphologie, Biologie und pathogene Bedeutung. Zeitschrift für Parasitenkunde, 28, 16–30.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  21. Luo D.-M. 2001. Notes on nematodes of fishes from Taiwan Strait I (Nematoda: Trichocephalida: Capillariidae; Spirurida: Dracunculidae). Acta Zootaxonomica Sinica, 26, 154–161 (In Chinese with abstract in English).Google Scholar
  22. MacLean R.A., Fatzinger M.H., Woolard K., Harms C.A. 2006. Clearance of a dermal Huffmanela sp. in a sandbar shark (Carcharhinus plumbeus) using levamisole. Diseases of Aquatic Organisms, 73, 83–88. DOI: 10.3354/dao073083.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  23. Moravec F. 1982. Proposal of a new systematic arrangement of nematodes of the family Capillariidae. Folia Parasitologica, 29, 119–132.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  24. Moravec F. 1987. Revision of capillariid nematodes (subfamily Capillariinae) parasitic in fishes. Studie ČSAV No. 3. Academia, Prague, 141 pp.Google Scholar
  25. Moravec F. 1994. Parasitic nematodes of freshwater fishes of Europe. Academia and Kluwer Academic Publishers, Prague and Dordrecht, Boston, London, 473 pp.Google Scholar
  26. Moravec F. 2000. Review of capillariid and trichosomoidid nematodes from mammals in the Czech Republic and the Slovak Republic. Acta Societatis Zoologicae Bohemoslovacae, 64, 271–304.Google Scholar
  27. Moravec F. 2001. Trichinelloid nematodes parasitic in cold-blooded vertebrates. Academia, Prague, 429 pp.Google Scholar
  28. Moravec F., Conboy G.A., Speare D.J. 2005. A new trichosomoidid from the skin of Sebastes spp. (Pisces) from British Columbia, Canada. Journal of Parasitology, 91, 411–414. DOI: 10.1645/GE-3420.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  29. Moravec F., Fajer-Avila E. 2000. Huffmanela mexicana n. sp. (Nematoda: Trichosomoididae) from the marine fish Sphoeroides annulatus in Mexico. Journal of Parasitology, 86, 1229–1231. DOI: 10.1645/0022-3395(2000)086[1229:HMNSNT] 2.0.CO;2.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  30. Moravec F., Garibaldi F. 2000. Huffmanela paronai sp. n. (Nematoda: Trichosomoididae), a new parasite from the skin of swordfish Xiphias gladius in the Ligurian Sea (Western Mediterranean). Folia Parasitologica, 47, 309–313.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  31. Moravec F., Gut J. 1982. Morphology of the nematode Capillaria pterophylli Heinze, 1933, a pathogenic parasite of some aquarium fishes. Folia Parasitologica, 29, 227–231.Google Scholar
  32. Moravec F., Koudela S., Ogawa K., Nagasawa K. 1998. Two new Huffmanela species, H. japonica n. sp. and H. shikokuensis n. sp. (Nematoda: Trichosomoididae), from marine fishes in Japan. Journal of Parasitology, 84, 589–593. DOI: 10.2307/3284728.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  33. Parukhin A.M. 1967. Recognition of the helminth fauna of the fish Echeneis naucrates from the South China Sea. Uchenye Zapiski Gorkovskogo Pedagogicheskogo Instituta, Ser. Biol. Nauk, 66, 24–32 (In Russian).Google Scholar
  34. Parukhin A.M. 1971. Nematodes from fishes of the Red Sea and the Indian Ocean. Voprosy Ekologii Ryb Yuzhnykh Morey, Biologiya Morya, 23, 177–193 (In Russian).Google Scholar
  35. Parukhin A.M. 1976. Parasitic worms of commercial fishes of the southern seas. Naukova Dumka, Kiev, 183 pp. (In Russian).Google Scholar
  36. Pietrock M., Krüger R., Meinelt T. 1996. Parasitologisch-histologische Untersuchungen zum Auftreten von Schulmanela petruschewskii (Nematoda, Capillariidae) in der Unteren Oder. In: (Eds. R. Hoffmann and E.-M. Bernoth) Tagung der FachgruppeFischkrankheitenin Verbindung mit der EAFP/deutsche Sektion European Association of Fish Pathologists, Königswartha, 24–26 September 1996. Verlag der Deutschen Veterinärmedizinischen Gesellschafte V., Giessen, 143–147.Google Scholar
  37. Rossin M.A., Timi J.T. 2009. Redescription of Gessyella latridopsis (Johnston et Mawson, 1987) (Nematoda: Capillariidae), a parasite of latrid fishes from the Southern Hemisphere. Folia Parasitologica, 56, 194–198.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  38. Smales L.R. 2000. Nematodes from fish from the Keppel Islands, Keppel Bay, Queensland. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum, 45, 384.Google Scholar
  39. Vismanis K.O., Lomakin V.V., Roytman V.D., Semenova M.K., Trofimenko V.Ya. 1987. Nemathelminths — Nemathelminthes. In: (Ed. O.N. Bauer) Key to parasites of freshwater fishes of the USSR fauna. Vol. 3. Parasitic metazoans. Pt. 2. Nauka, Leningrad, 199–310 (In Russian).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© © Versita Warsaw and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • František Moravec
    • 1
  • Jean-Lou Justine
    • 2
  1. 1.Institute of ParasitologyBiology Centre of the Academy of Sciences of the Czech RepublicČeské BudějoviceCzech Republic
  2. 2.Équipe Biogéographie Marine Tropicale, Unité Systématique, Adaptation, évolution (UPMC, CNRS, MNHN, IRD)Institut de Recherche pour le DéveloppementNouméa CedexNew Caledonia

Personalised recommendations