Acta Parasitologica

, Volume 54, Issue 4, pp 368–373 | Cite as

Digenetic trematodes of the Brazilian flathead, Percophis brasiliensis Quoy et Gaimard, 1825 (Percophidae, Perciformes), from Argentinean and Uruguayan waters

  • Paola E. Braicovich
  • Jorge A. Etchegoin
  • Juan T. Timi
Research Note


Based on the examination of 234 specimens of the Brazilian flathead, Percophis brasiliensis (Percophidae), caught in the Argentinean and Uruguayan Seas, the list of digenean species parasitizing P. brasiliensis is increased from 6 to 9, including the specific identification of two species previously reported at the generic level. The three news digenean records for P. brasiliensis are: Elytrophalloides oatesi, Parahemiurus merus and Aponurus laguncula, while that Ectenurus virgulus and Lecithocladium cristatum were identified to specific level. These reports showed the highest diversity of digeneans registered in fishes from the study region. The diversity of the digenean fauna of P. brasiliensis could be a consequence of the generalist food habits of this fish.


Digenea Ectenurus virgulus Elytrophalloides oatesi Lecithocladium cristatum Parahemiurus merus Aponurus laguncula Brazillian flathead Percophis brasiliensis Argentina Uruguay 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Amato J.F.R. 1983. Digenetic trematodes of percoid fishes of Florianópolis, Southern Brasil-Pleorchiidae, Didymozoidae, and Hemiuridae, with the description of three new species. Revista Brasileira de Biologia, 1, 99–124.Google Scholar
  2. Braicovich P.E., Etchegoin J.A., Timi J.T., Sardella N.H. 2006. A new species of Cardicola Short, 1953 (Digenea: Sanguinicolidae) parasitizing the Brazilian flathead Percophis brasiliensis Quoy et Gaimard, 1824 from the coasts of Mar del Plata, Argentina. Parasitology International, 55, 175–177. DOI: 10.1016/j.parint.2006.03.002.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Braicovich P.E., Moravec F., Timi J.T. 2007. A new species of Moravecia (Nematoda: Dracunculoidea) from the body cavity of the marine perciform fish Percophis brasiliensis in Argentina. Journal of Parasitology, 93, 353–356. DOI: 10.1645/GE-921R.1.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. Braicovich P.E., Timi J.T. 2008. Parasites as biological tags for stock discrimination of the Brazilian flathead, Percophis brasiliensis Quoy & Gaimard, 1824, in the South Western Atlantic. Journal of Fish Biology, 73, 557–571. DOI: 10.1111/j.1095-8649.2008.01948.x.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Bray R.A. 1990a. Hemiuridae (Digenea) from marine fishes of the southern Indian Ocean: Dinurinae, Elytrophallinae, Glomericirrinae and Plerurinae. Systematic Parasitology, 17, 183–217. DOI: 10.1007/BF00009553.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Bray R.A. 1990b. A review of the genus Parahemiurus Vaz & Pereira, 1930 (Digenea: Hemiuridae). Systematic Parasitology, 15, 1–21. DOI: 10.1007/BF00009914.Google Scholar
  7. Bray R.A. MacKenzie K. 1990. Aponurus laguncula Looss, 1907 (Digenea: Lecithasteridae): a report from herring, Clupea harengus L., in the eastern English channel and a review of its biology. Systematic Parasitology, 17, 115–124. DOI: 10.1007/BF00009799.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Brickle P., MacKenzie K. 2007. Parasites as biological tags for Eleginops maclovinus (Teleostei: Eleginopidae) around the Falkland Islands. Journal of Helminthology, 81, 147–153. DOI: 10.1017/S0022149X07750514.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. Brickle P., MacKenzie K., Pike A. 2005. Parasites of the Patagonian toothfish, Dissostichus eleginoides Smitt 1898, in different parts of the Subantartic. Polar Biology, 28, 663–671. DOI: 10.1007/s00300-005-0737-2.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Brickle P., MacKenzie K., Pike A. 2006. Variations in the parasite fauna of the Patagonian toothfish (Dissostichus eleginoides Smitt 1898), with length, season, and depth of habitat around the Falkland Islands. Journal of Parasitology, 92, 282–291. DOI: 10.1645/GE-539R.1.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. Bush A.O., Lafferty K.D., Lotz J.M., Shostak A.W. 1997. Parasitology meets ecology on its own terms: Margolis et al. revisited. Journal of Parasitology, 83, 575–583. DOI: 10.2307/3284227.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. Cousseau M.B., Perrotta R.G. 2004. Peces marinos de Argentina. Biología, distribución, pesca. Publicaciones especiales INIDEP, Mar del Plata, Argentina, 167 pp.Google Scholar
  13. Cristófaro F., Guimarães J.F. 1974. Sobre uma espécie da subfamilia Dinurinae Looss, 1907 (Trematoda, Hemiuridae). Atas da Sociedade de Biología do Rio de Janeiro, 17, 77–79.Google Scholar
  14. Daponte M.C., Gil de Pertierra A.A., Palmieri M.A., Ostrowski de Núñez M. 2008. Monthly occurrence of parasites of the chaetognath Sagitta friderici off Mar del Plata, Argentina. Journal of Plankton Research, 30, 567–576. DOI: 10.1093/plankt/fbn019.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Dawes B. 1947. The Trematoda of British fishes. Ray Society, London, 346 pp.Google Scholar
  16. Fernandes B.M.M., Kohn A., Magalhàes Pinto R. 1985. Aspidogastrid and digenetic trematodes parasites of marine fishes of the coast of Rio de Janeiro state, Brazil. Revista Brasileira de Biologia, 45, 109–116.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  17. Froese R., Pauly D. (Eds). 2009. FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. Available from, version (01/2009).Google Scholar
  18. Gaevskaya A.V., Kovaleva A.A. 1978. Data on fish trematodes from the south-western Atlantic. Vestnik Zoologii, 3, 60–66 (In Russian).Google Scholar
  19. Gaevskaya A.V., Rodyuk G.N., Parukhin A.M. 1990. Peculiarities and formation of parasitofauna of the Patagonian toothfish Dissostichus eleginoides. Biologiya Morya, 4, 23–28 (In Russian).Google Scholar
  20. Gibson D.I. 1976. Monogenea and Digenea from fishes. Discovery Reports, 36, 179–266.Google Scholar
  21. Gibson D.I. 2002. Superfamily Hemiuroidea Looss, 1899. In: (Eds. D.I. Gibson, A. Jones and R.A. Bray) Keys to the Trematoda. Vol. 1. CABI Publishing and The Natural History Museum, London, UK, 299–304.Google Scholar
  22. Gibson D.I., Bray R.A. 1986. The Hemiuridae (Digenea) of fishes from the northeast Atlantic. Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) (Zoology), 51, 1–125.Google Scholar
  23. González M.J., Gallardo J.M., Brickle P., Medina I. 2007. Nutritional composition and safety of Patagonotothen ramsayi, a discard species from Patagonian Shelf. International Journal of Food Science and Technology, 42, 1240–1248. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2621.2006.01472.x.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Luque J.L., Poulin R. 2004. Use of fish as intermediate host by helminth parasites: a comparative analysis. Acta Parasitologica, 49, 353–361.Google Scholar
  25. MacKenzie K., Longshaw M. 1995. Parasites of the hakes Merluccius australis and M. hubbsi in the waters around the Falkand Islands, southern Chile, and Argentina, with an assessment of their potential value as biological tags. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 52, 213–224. DOI: 10.1139/f95-021.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Manter H.W. 1947. The digenetic trematodes of marine fishes of Tortugas, Florida. American Midland Naturalist, 38, 257–416. DOI: 10.2307/2421571.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Nahhas F.M., Powell E.C. 1971. Digenetic trematodes of marine fishes from the Floridian Northern Gulf of Mexico. Tulane Studies in Zoology and Botany, 17, 1–9.Google Scholar
  28. Prudhoe S., Bray R.A. 1973. Digenetic trematodes from fishes. B.A.N.Z. Antartic Research Expedition, Reports, Ser. B, 8, 195–225.Google Scholar
  29. Rohde K., Craig H., Heap M. 1995. Aspects of the ecology of metazoan ectoparasites of marine fishes. International Journal for Parasitology, 25, 945–970. DOI: 10.1016/0020-7519(95)00015-T.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  30. Sardella N.H., Timi J.T. 1996. Parasite communities of Merluccius hubbsi from Argentinean-Uruguayan Common Fishing Zone. Fisheries Research, 27, 81–88. DOI: 10.1016/0165-7836(95)00460-2.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Sardella N.H., Timi J.T. 2004. Parasites of Argentine hake in the Argentine Sea: population and infracommunity structure as evidences for host stock discrimination. Journal of Fish Biology, 65, 1472–1488. DOI: 10.1111/j.0022-1112.2004.00572.x.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Suriano M.D., Sutton A.C. 1981. Contribución al conocimiento de la fauna parasitológica Argentina. VII. Digeneos de peces de la plataforma del mar Argentino. Revista del Museo de La Plata, 12, 261–271.Google Scholar
  33. Szidat L. 1950. Los parásitos del róbalo (Eleginops maclovinus). 1 Congreso Nacional de Pesquerías Marítimas, Mar del Plata, 1950, 235–270.Google Scholar
  34. Szidat L. 1955. La fauna de parásitos de Merluccius hubbsi Mar. como carácter auxiliar para la solución de problemas sistemáticos y zoogeográficos del género Merluccius. Comisión Nacional de Investigaciones. Ciencias Naturales, Bernardino Rivadavia, Zoologia III, 1, 1–54.Google Scholar
  35. Szidat L. 1961. Versuch einer zoogeographie des Süd-Atlantik mit Hilfe von Leitparasiten der Meeresfische. Parasitologische Schriftenreihe, 13, 1–98.Google Scholar
  36. Szidat L., Graefe G. 1967. Estudios sobre la fauna de parásitos de peces Antárticos. II. Los parásitos de Parachaenichthys charcoti. Servicio de Hidrografía Naval, Armada Argentina, República Argentina, Publico H, 911, 1–27.Google Scholar
  37. Timi J.T., Martorelli S.R., Sardella N.H. 1999. Digenetic trematodes parasitic on Engraulis anchoita (Pisces: Engraulidae) from Argentina and Uruguay. Folia Parasitologica, 46, 132–138.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  38. Travassos L., Freitas J.F.T., Bührnheim P.F. 1967. Relatório da excursão do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz ao estado do Espírito Santo em novembro de 1964. Boletim do Museu de Biologia Profesor Mello Leitão (Zoologia), 31, 1–5.Google Scholar
  39. Travassos L., Freitas J.F.T., Kohn A. 1969. Trematódeos do Brasil. Memorias Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, 67 (fasc. único), 886 pp.Google Scholar
  40. Wilson C.B. 1917. North American parasitic copepods belonging to the Lernaeidae with a revision of the entire family. Proceedings of the United States National Museum, 53, 1–150.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© © Versita Warsaw and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Paola E. Braicovich
    • 1
    • 2
  • Jorge A. Etchegoin
    • 1
    • 2
  • Juan T. Timi
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Laboratorio de Parasitología, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y NaturalesUniversidad Nacional de Mar del PlataMar del PlataArgentina
  2. 2.Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas (CONICET)Mar del PlataArgentina

Personalised recommendations