Acta Parasitologica

, Volume 54, Issue 4, pp 289–294 | Cite as

Redescription of Myxidium sphaericum Thélohan, 1895 and Ceratomyxa beloneae Lubat et al., 1989 from the gall bladder of the garpike, Belone belone in the Adriatic Sea

  • Ivona Mladineo
  • Tanja Šegvić
  • Ivana Bočina
  • Leon Grubišić
Article

Abstract

The garpike Belone belone (L.) is an epipelagic fish abundant in the Mediterranean, parasitized by two coelozoic myxosporidians in the gall bladder — Myxidium sphaericum Thélohan, 1895 and Ceratomyxa beloneae Lubat, Radujković, Marques et Bouix, 1989. In order to redescribe these intriguing and taxonomically complex species, whose original descriptions are limited only to line drawings based on light microscopy, we studied the morphology and ultrastructure of their vegetative and sporogenic stages. M. sphaericum has an oval to sigmoid or mild crescent shape in the frontal view, large conical polar capsules, opening at the spore end, in opposite direction of the spore length, with 8–9 coils of polar filament. C. beloneae has elongated and slightly arched valves; symmetrical and smooth, with the posterior surface almost straight and anterior surface mildly inclinated, having 5 coils of the polar filament.

Keywords

Fish garpike Belone belone Myxozoa Myxidium sphaericum Ceratomyxa beloneae 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Ali M., Abdel-Baki A.-A., Sakran T. 2006. Myxidium elmatboulii n. sp. and Ceratomyxa ghaffari n. sp. (Myxozoa: Myxosporea) parasitic in the gallbladder of the Red Sea houndfih Tylosurus choram (Rüppell, 1837) (Teleostei: Belonidae) from the Red Sea, Egypt. Acta Protozoologica, 45, 97–103.Google Scholar
  2. Collette B.B., Parin N.V. 1986. Belonidae. In: (Eds. P.J.P. Whitehead, M.-L. Bauchot, J.-C. Hureau, J. Nielsen and E. Tortonese) Fishes of the North-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean. Vol. II. UNESCO, Paris, 604–609.Google Scholar
  3. Dempster T., Sanchez-Jerez P., Bayle J.T., Gimenez-Casalduero F., Valle C. 2002. Attraction of wild fish to sea-cage fish farms in the south-western Mediterranean Sea: spatial and short-term temporal variability. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 242, 237–252. DOI: 10.3354/meps242237.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Eiras J.C. 2006. Synopsis of the species of Ceratomyxa Thélohan, 1892 (Myxozoa: Myxosporea: Ceratomyxidae). Systematic Parasitology, 65, 49–71. DOI: 10.1007/s11230-006-9039-5.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Kabata Z. 1963. Parasites as biological tags. International Commission for the Northwest Atlantic Fisheries (ICNAF). Special Publication, 4, 31–37.Google Scholar
  6. Kabata Z. 1967. Whiting stocks and their gall-bladder parasites in British waters. Marine Research, 2, 11.Google Scholar
  7. Kent M.L., Andree K.B., Bartholomew J.L., El-Matbouli M., Desser S.S., Devlin R.H., Feist S.W., Hedrick R.P., Hoffmann R.W., Khattra J., Hallett S.L., Lester R.J.G., Longshaw M., Palenzeula O., Siddall M.E., Xiao C. 2001. Recent advances in our knowledge of the Myxozoa. Journal of Eukaryotic Microbiology, 48, 395–413. DOI: 10.1111/j.1550-7408.2001.tb00173.x.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Lom J., Arthur J.R. 1989. A guideline for the preparation of species descriptions in Myxosporea. Journal of Fish Diseases, 12, 151–156. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2761.1989.tb00287.x.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Lom J., Dyková I. 1992. Protozoan parasites of fish. Developments in Aquaculture and Fisheries Science. Vol. 26. Elsevier, Amsterdam, 315 pp.Google Scholar
  10. Lubat V., Radujković B., Marques A., Bouix G. 1989. Parasites de poissons marins du Montenegro: Myxosporidies. Acta Adriatica, 30, 31–50.Google Scholar
  11. MacKenzie K., Kalavati C. 1995. Species in the genus Myxidium Bütschli, 1882 (Myxosporea: Bivalvulida) parasitizing the gall bladders of gadid fish in the northeast Atlantic. Journal of Natural History, 29, 851–863. DOI: 10.1080/00222939500770291.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. MacKenzie K., Kalavati C., Gaard M., Hemmingsen W. 2005. Myxosporean gall bladder parasites of gadid fishes in the North Atlantic: Their geographical distributions and an assessment of their economic importance in fisheries and mariculture. Fisheries Research, 76, 454–465. DOI: 10.1016/j.fishres.2005.07.014.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Mladineo I., Bočina I. 2006. Ceratomyxa thunni sp. n. (Myxozoa: Ceratomyxidae) in Atlantic northern bluefin tuna (Thunnus thynnus) caught in the Adriatic Sea, Island of Jabuka. Zootaxa, 1224, 59–68.Google Scholar
  14. Moser M., Kent M.L., Dennis D. 1989. Gall bladder Myxosporea in coral reef fishes from Heron Island, Australia. Australian Journal of Zoology, 37, 1–13. DOI: 10.1071/ZO9890001.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Noble E.R. 1957. Seasonal variations in host-parasite relations between fish and their protozoa. Journal of Marine Biological Association UK, 36, 143–155. DOI: 10.1017/S0025315400017148.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Thélohan P. 1895. Recherches sur les Myxosporidies. Bulletin Scientifique de la France et de la Belgique, 26, 100–394.Google Scholar
  17. Yokoyama H., Fukuda Y. 2001. Ceratomyxa seriolae n. sp. and C. buri n. sp. (Myxozoa: Myxosporea) from the gall-bladder of cultured yellowtail Seriola quinqueradiata. Systematic Parasitology, 48, 125–130. DOI: 10.1023/A:1006432526089.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© © Versita Warsaw and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ivona Mladineo
    • 1
  • Tanja Šegvić
    • 1
  • Ivana Bočina
    • 2
  • Leon Grubišić
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratory of AquacultureInstitute of Oceanography and FisheriesSplitCroatia
  2. 2.Faculty of ScienceUniversity of SplitSplitCroatia

Personalised recommendations