Acta Parasitologica

, Volume 54, Issue 4, pp 355–363 | Cite as

Carios fonsecai sp. nov. (Acari, Argasidae), a bat tick from the central-western region of Brazil

Article

Abstract

Males, females, and larvae of Carios fonsecai sp. nov. are described from free-living ticks collected in a cave at Bonito, state of Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil. The presence of cheeks and legs with micromammillate cuticle makes adults of C. fonsecai morphologically related to a group of argasid species (mostly bat-associated) formerly classified into the subgenus Alectorobius, genus Ornithodoros. Examination of larvae indicates that C. fonsecai is clearly distinct from most of the previously described Carios species formerly classified into the subgenus Alectorobius, based primarily on its larger body size, dorsal setae number, dorsal plate shape, and hypostomal morphology. On the other hand, the larva of C. fonsecai is most similar to Carios peropteryx, and Carios peruvianus, from which differences in dorsal plate length and width, tarsal setae, and hypostome characteristics are useful for morphological differentiation. The mitochondrial 16S rDNA sequence of C. fonsecai showed to be closest (85–88% identity) to several corresponding sequences of different Carios species available in GenBank. Bats identified as Peropteryx macrotis and Desmodus rotundus were found infested by C. fonsecai larvae in the same cave where the type series was collected. C. fonsecai showed to be aggressive to humans in the laboratory.

Keywords

Carios fonsecai sp.nov. Argasidae tick bat Brazil 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Altschul S.F., Gish W., Miller W., Myers E.W., Lipman D.J. 1990. Basic local alignment search tool. Journal of Molecular Biology, 215, 403–410. DOI: 10.1016/S0022-2836(05)80360-2.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Clifford C.M., Kohls G.M., Sonenshine D.E. 1964. The Systematics of the Subfamily Ornithodorinae (Acarina: Argasidae). I. The Genera and Subgenera. Annals of the Entomological Society of America, 57, 429–437.Google Scholar
  3. Corwin D.C., Clifford C.M., Keirans J.E. 1979. An improved method for cleaning and preparing ticks for examination with the scanning electron microscope. Journal of Medical Entomology, 16, 352–353.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. Endris R.G., Haslett T.M., Hess W.R. 1992. African swine fever virus infection in the soft tick, Ornithodoros (Alectorobius) puertoricensis (Acari: Argasidae). Journal of Medical Entomology, 29, 990–994.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. Estrada-Peña A., Venzal J.M., Barros-Battesti D.M., Onofrio V.C., Trajano E., Firmino J.V.L. 2004. Three new species of Antricola (Acari: Argasidae) from Brazil, with a key to the known species in the genus. Journal of Parasitology, 90, 490–498. DOI: 10.1645/GE-172R.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. Estrada-Peña A., Venzal J.M., González-Acuña D., Mangold A.J., Guglielmone A.A. 2006. Notes on New World Persicargas ticks (Acari: Argasidae) with description of female Argas (P.) keiransi. Journal of Medical Entomology, 43, 801–809. DOI: 10.1603/0022-2585(2006)43[801:NONWPT]2.0.CO;2.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. Filippova N.A. 1961. Larvae and nymphs of the subfamily Ornithodorinae (Ixodoidea-Argasidae) in the fauna of the Soviet Union. Parazitologiya, 20, 148–184 (In Russian).Google Scholar
  8. Guglielmone A.A., Estrada-Peña A., Keirans J.E., Robbins R.G. (Eds.). 2003. Ticks (Acari: Ixodida) of the zoogeographic region. International Consortium on Ticks and Tick-borne Diseases (ICTTD-2), Atalanta, Houten, The Netherlands, 173 pp.Google Scholar
  9. Guglielmone A.A., Mangold A.J., Estrada-Peña A. 2005. Are Antricola species proper representatives of the genus Carios? Newsletter on Ticks and Tick-Borne Diseases of Livestock in the Tropics, 27, 42–43.Google Scholar
  10. Guimarães J.H., Tucci E.C., Barros-Battesti D.M. (Eds.). 2001. Ectoparasitos de importancia veterinária. Editora Plêiade, São Paulo, Brasil, 213 pp.Google Scholar
  11. Hoogstraal H. 1985. Argasid and nuttalliellid ticks as parasites and vectors. Advances in Parasitology, 24, 135–238. DOI: 10.1016/S0065-308X(08)60563-1.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. Jones E.K., Clifford C.M. 1972. The systematics of the subfamily Ornithodorinae (Acarina: Argasidae).V. A revised key to larval Argasidae of the western hemisphere and description of seven new species of Ornithodoros. Annals of the Entomological Society of America, 65, 730–740.Google Scholar
  13. Klompen J.S.H., Oliver J.H. 1993. Systematic relationships in the soft ticks (Acari: Ixodida: Argasidae). Systematic Entomology, 18, 313–331. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-3113.1993.tb00669.x.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Kohls G.M., Clifford C.M., Jones E.K. 1969. The systematics of the subfamily Ornithodorinae (Acarina: Argasidae). IV. Eight new species of Ornithodoros from the Western Hemisphere. Annals of the Entomological Society of America, 62, 1035–1043.Google Scholar
  15. Kohls G.M., Sonenshine D.E., Clifford C.M. 1965. The systematics of the subfamily Ornithodorinae (Acarina: Argasidae). II. Identification of the larvae of the Western Hemisphere and description of three new species. Annals of the Entomological Society of America, 58, 331–364.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  16. Labruna M.B., Terassini F.A., Camargo L.M., Brandão P.E., Ribeiro A.F., Estrada-Peña A. 2008. New reports of Antricola guglielmonei and Antricola delacruzi in Brazil, and a description of a new argasid species (Acari). Journal of Parasitology, 94, 788–792. DOI: 10.1645/GE-1447.1CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  17. Mangold A.J., Bargues M.D., Mas-Coma S. 1998. Mitochondrial 16S rDNA sequences and phylogenetic relationships of species of Rhipicephalus and other tick genera among Metastriata (Acari: Ixodidae). Parasitology Research, 84, 478–484. DOI: 10.1007/s004360050433.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  18. Pospelova-Shtrom M.V. 1946. On the Argasidae system (with description of two new subfamilies, three new tribes and one new genus). Meditsinskaya Parazitologiya i Parazitarnye Bolezni, 15, 47–58 (In Russian).Google Scholar
  19. Venzal J.M., Estrada-Peña A., Mangold A.J., González-Acuña D., Guglielmone A.A. 2008. The Ornithodoros (Alectorobius) talaje species group (Acari: Ixodida: Argasidae): description of Ornithodoros (Alectorobius) rioplatensis n. sp. from southern South America. Journal of Medical Entomology, 45, 832–840. DOI: 10.1603/0022-2585(2008)45[832:TOATSG]2.0.CO;2.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  20. Venzal J.M., Onofrio V.C., Barros-Battesti D.M., Arzua M. 2006. Família Argasidae: características gerais, comentários e chave para gênero e espécies. In: (Eds. D.M. Barros-Battesti, M. Arzua and G.H. Bechara) Carrapatos de importancia medicoveterinária na região Neotropical. Vox/ICTTD-3/Butantan, São Paulo, Brazil, 13–27.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© © Versita Warsaw and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Departamento de Medicina Veterinária Preventiva e Saúde Animal, Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária e ZootecniaUniversidade de São PauloSão PauloBrasil
  2. 2.Departamento de Parasitología Veterinaria, Facultad de VeterinariaUniversidad de la RepúblicaSaltoUruguay

Personalised recommendations