Acta Parasitologica

, Volume 53, Issue 4, pp 321–329 | Cite as

Two new species of the genus Quadruspinospora Sarkar et Chakravarty, 1969 (Apicomplexa, Conoidasida) from grasshoppers (Insecta, Orthoptera)

  • Biplob Kumar Modak
  • Saugata Basu
  • Durga Prasad Haldar
Original Paper


Descriptions of structures and life histories of two new species of septate gregarines (Apicomplexa, Conoidasida) are given. These are: Quadruspinospora cloptoni sp. nov. and Quadruspinospora caudata sp. nov. from the midguts of Oxya hyla hyla Serville and Gesonula punctiformes (Stal.) (Insecta, Orthoptera, Acrididae), respectively. Trophozoites of Q. cloptoni attain a maximum length of 944 μm and their epimerites are either a simple knob or cauliflower-like without any digitiform process; gamonts are solitary and, spherical gametocysts, 390 μm, release ovoid oocysts by a simple rupture, the latter being provided with four characteristic spines, two at each pole. Trophozoites of Q. caudata are much smaller, 578 μm in maximum length, and the epimerite in this gregarine is short and cone like. Spherical gametocysts, 365 μm, also dehisce by a simple rupture releasing ovoid oocysts having four typical spines, characteristic of the genus Quadruspinospora Sarkar et Chakravarty, 1969. The validity of Quadruspinospora as a distinct genus is discussed.


Apicomplexa Conoidasida Quadruspinospora septate gregarines Orthoptera grasshoppers 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Chakraborty N., Haldar D.P. 1974. Morphology and life history of a new cephaline gregarine from grasshopper. Proceedings of the 61st Indian Science Congress Association, Part III (Abstracts), 51–52.Google Scholar
  2. Clopton R.E. 2002. Phylum Apicomplexa Levine, 1970: Order Eugregarinorida Léger, 1900. In: (Eds. J.J. Lee, G. Leedale, D. Patterson and P.C. Bradbury) Illustrated Guide to the Protozoa, 2nd ed. Society of Protozoologists, Lawrence, Kansas, USA, 205–288.Google Scholar
  3. Clopton R.E. 2004. Standard nomenclature and metrics of plane shapes for use in gregarine taxonomy. Comparative Parasitology, 71, 130–140. DOI: 10.1654/4151.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Datta S.C., Ghosh S., Haldar D.P. 1990. Studies in septate gregarines (Apicomplexa: Sporozoa) from orthopteran insects of West Bengal: Seven new species of Didymophyes, Hirmocystis and Quadruspinospora. Records of the Zoological Survey of India, 87, 227–247.Google Scholar
  5. Haldar D.P., Chakraborty N. 1975. The genus Quadruspinospora (Protozoa: Sporozoa) — a new definition. Current Science, 44, 558.Google Scholar
  6. Haldar D.P., Chakraborty N. 1976. Observations on the morphology and life history of three new species of cephaline gregarines (Protozoa: Sporozoa) from grasshoppers in West Bengal. Proceedings of the Zoological Society, Calcutta, 29, 73–81.Google Scholar
  7. Haldar D.P., Chakraborty N. 1978. A new cephaline gregarine (Protozoa: Sporozoa) from a grasshopper. Indian Journal of Zoology, 6, 43–47.Google Scholar
  8. Hoshide H. 1959. Studies on the cephaline gregarines of Japan. II. 3. Description of the members belonging to the families Didymophyidae, Actinocephalidae, Acanthosporidae, Stylocephalidae, Dactylophoridae. Bulletin of Faculty of Education, Yamaguchi University, 8, 35–101.Google Scholar
  9. Kundu T.K., Haldar D.P. 1983. Observations on a new species of cephaline gregrarine of the genus Quadruspinospora Sarkar and Chakravarty, 1969 from a grasshopper, Spathosternum prasiniferum. Archiv für Protistenkunde, 127, 97–102.Google Scholar
  10. Levine N.D. 1988. The Protozoan Phylum Apicomplexa. Vols 1 and 2. CRC Press, Incorporation, Boca Raton, Florida, 203 pp. and 154 pp.Google Scholar
  11. Sarkar A., Chakravarty M. 1969. Gregarines (Protozoa: Sporozoa) from insects. I. New cephaline gregarines of the family Actinocephalidae. Proceedings of the Zoological Society, Calcutta, 22, 17–28.Google Scholar
  12. Sarkar N.K. 1987. On the genus Quadruspinospora Sarkar and Chakravarty, 1969 (Apicomplexa: Eugregarinida). Proceedings of the Zoological Society, Calcutta, 36, 67–69.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© © Versita Warsaw and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Biplob Kumar Modak
    • 1
  • Saugata Basu
    • 2
  • Durga Prasad Haldar
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of ZoologyA.M. CollegeJhalda, PuruliaIndia
  2. 2.Department of BiologyUttarpara Govt. High SchoolUttarpara, HooghlyIndia
  3. 3.Protozoology Laboratory, Department of ZoologyUniversity of KalyaniKalyaniIndia

Personalised recommendations