Increased resolution of subsurface parameters from 1D magnetotelluric modeling
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In electric and electromagnetic techniques, it is well known that the principle of equivalence poses a problem in the interpretation of subsurface layers. This means the inversion problem can provide the conductivity-thickness product more confidently than the individual parameters — conductivity and thickness — separately. The principle of equivalence corresponds to the middle layer in a three-layer earth structure. In order to resolve this problem, we have touched upon the different formulae of apparent resistivity proposed by earlier workers considering the real and imaginary parts of the impedance tensor and designed a new formula to compute apparent resistivity for different models. We observed that the application of our new formula for apparent resistivity using the combination of real and imaginary parts of the impedance has a better resolution as compared to earlier conventional formulae of apparent resistivity. These results have been demonstrated through both forward and inverse modeling schemes.
Key wordselectromagnetics magnetotellurics apparent resistivity impedance resolution
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