Advertisement

Central European Journal of Chemistry

, Volume 10, Issue 4, pp 1262–1270 | Cite as

Extraction-spectrophotometric investigations on two ternary ion-association complexes of gallium(III)

  • Kirila T. Stojnova
  • Kiril B. GavazovEmail author
  • Galya K. Toncheva
  • Vanya D. Lekova
  • Atanas N. Dimitrov
Research Article
  • 70 Downloads

Abstract

Complex formation and liquid-liquid extraction were studied in systems containing Ga(III), azoderivative of resorcinol {4-(2-pyridylazo)resorcinol (PAR) or 4-(2-thiazolylazo)resorcinol (TAR)}, 2,3,5-triphenyltetrazolium chloride (TTC), water and chloroform. The optimum conditions w.r.t. pH, extraction time, concentration of ADR and concentration of TTC for the extraction of Ga(III) as an ion-associate complex were found.. The composition of the extracted complexes, (TT+)[Ga(PAR)2] (I), (TT+)[Ga(TAR)2] (II) or (TT+)2[Ga(OH)(TAR)2] (III), and the constants of association (β) between 2,3,5-triphenyltetrazolium cation (TT+) with corresponding anionic chelates were established by several methods. The constants of distribution (KD) and extraction (Kex) of the principal species I and III were determined as well. The apparent molar absorptivities of the chloroform extract at the optimum extraction-spectrophotometric conditions were ɛ′510=9.5×104 L mol−1 cm−1 (I) and ɛ′530=4.6×104 L mol−1 cm−1 (III). The validity of Beer’s law was checked and analytical characteristics that were calculated are reported herein.

Keywords

Gallium Liquid-liquid extraction 4-(2-Pyridylazo)resorcinol 4-(2-Thiazolylazo)resorcinol Tetrazolium salty 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. [1]
    T. Biver, A. Boggioni, F. Secco, M. Venturini, Langmuir 24, 36 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. [2]
    M. Blanco, J. Coello, H. Iturriaga, S. Maspoch, J. Riba, E. Rovira, Talanta 40, 261 (1993)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. [3]
    C.D. Dwivmt, K.N. Munshi, A.K. Dey, J. Inorg. Nucl. Chem. 28, 245 (1966)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. [4]
    M. Hniličková, L. Sommer, Fresenius’ J. Anal. Chem. 193, 171 (1963)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. [5]
    L.L. Kolomiets, I.V. Pyatnitskii, Ukr. Khim. Zh. 45, 62 (1979) (in Russian)Google Scholar
  6. [6]
    M. Široki, M.J. Herak, Anal. Chim. Acta 87, 193 (1976)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. [7]
    K. Bansho, Y. Umezaki, Bull. Chem. Soc. Japan 40, 326 (1967)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. [8]
    E.A. Biryuk, V.A. Nazarenko, R.V. Ravitskaya, Zh. Anal. Khim. 27, 1934 (1972) (in Russian)Google Scholar
  9. [9]
    M.A. Karve, S.M. Khopkar, Chem. Anal. (Warsaw) 38, 469 (1993)Google Scholar
  10. [10]
    K. Hagiwara, M. Nakane, Y. Osumi, E. Ishii, Y. Miyake, Jpn. Anal. 10, 1379 (1961)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. [11]
    M. Široki, M.J. Herak, J. Inorg. Nucl. Chem. 39, 127 (1977)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. [12]
    I. Mori, Y. Fujita, T. Matsuo, Anal. Lett. 32, 613 (1999)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. [13]
    C.P. Vibhute, S.M. Khopkar, Analyst 111, 435 (1986)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. [14]
    F.I. Lobanov, G.K. Nurtaeva, E.E. Ergozhin, Ekstraktsiya kompleksov ionov metallov s piridinovymi oksiazosoedineniyami (Nauka, Alma-Ata, 1983) (in Russian)Google Scholar
  15. [15]
    U. Divrikli, M. Soylak, L. Elci, Anal. Lett. 36, 839 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. [16]
    M. Langova-Hnilickova, L. Sommer, Talanta 16, 681 (1969)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. [17]
    K.L. Cheng, B.L. Goydish, Anal. Chim. Acta 34, 154 (1966)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. [18]
    L.M. Polo Diez, M.W. Kabbani, J.S. Durand Alegria, Fresenius’ J. Anal. Chem. 334, 41 (1989)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. [19]
    V.K. Singh, N.K. Agnihotri, H.B. Singh, R.L. Sharma, Talanta 55, 799 (2001)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. [20]
    T. Suzuki, Japan Analyst 12, 655 (1963)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. [21]
    P. Voznica, J. Havel, L. Sommer, Collection Czech. Chem. Commun. 45, 54 (1980)Google Scholar
  22. [22]
    A.I. Busev, T.N. Zholondkovskaya, L.S. Krysina, N.A. Golubkova, Zh. Anal. Khim. 27, 2165 (1972) (in Russian)Google Scholar
  23. [23]
    N.K. Agnihotri, S. Ratnani, V.K. Singh, H.B. Singh, Anal. Sci. 19, 1297 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. [24]
    A.I. Busev, L.M. Skrebkova, L.L. Talipova, Zh. Anal. Khim. 17, 831 (1962) (in Russian)Google Scholar
  25. [25]
    M.S. Rizk, H.A. Mohamed, Y.M. Issa, M.M. Abu-Agwa, Asian J. Chem. 8, 731 (1996)Google Scholar
  26. [26]
    V.A. Nazarenko, E.A. Biryuk, R.V. Ravitskaya, Zh. Anal. Khim. 30, 74 (1975)Google Scholar
  27. [27]
    I.V. Pyatnitskii, A.K. Boryak, L.L. Kolomiets, Zh. Anal. Khim. 41, 2199 (1986) (in Russian)Google Scholar
  28. [28]
    N.N. Basargin, A.A. Kafarova, Zavod. Lab. 50, 14 (1984) (in Russian)Google Scholar
  29. [29]
    I.V. Pyatnitskii, L.L. Kolomiets, N.D. Sulima, Zh. Anal. Khim., 40, 115 (1985) (in Russian)Google Scholar
  30. [30]
    I.V. Pyatnitskii, L.L. Kolomiets, G.M. Popovich, Zh. Anal. Khim. 38, 815 (1983) (in Russian)Google Scholar
  31. [31]
    G. Toncheva, K. Gavazov, V. Lekova, K. Stojnova, A. Dimitrov, Cent. Eur. J. Chem. 9, 1143 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. [32]
    F. Genç, K.B. Gavazov, M. Türkyilmaz, Cent. Eur. J. Chem. 8, 461 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. [33]
    M.I. Bulatov, I.P. Kalinkin, Prakticheskoe rukovodstvo po fotokolorimetricheskim i spektrofotometricheskim metodam analiza (Khimiya, Leningrad, 1986) (in Russian)Google Scholar
  34. [34]
    Z. Zhiming, M. Dongsten, Y. Cunxiao, J. Rare Earths 15, 216 (1997)Google Scholar
  35. [35]
    S.A. Wood, I.M. Samson, Ore Geol. Rev. 28, 57 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. [36]
    L. Marić, M. Široki, Anal. Chim. Acta 318, 345 (1996)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. [37]
    A. Holme, F.J. Langmyhr, Anal. Chim. Acta 36, 383 (1966)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. [38]
    W. Likussar, D.F. Boltz, Anal. Chem. 43, 1265 (1971)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. [39]
    H. Filik, M. Dogutan, E. Tutem, R. Apak, Anal. Sci. 18, 955 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. [40]
    M.A.H. Hafez, M.M. Kenawy, Mikrochim. Acta 129, 291 (1998)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. [41]
    G.M. Arain, I. Devi, M.Y. Khuhawar, Asian J. Chem. 19, 5169 (2007)Google Scholar
  42. [42]
    Y. Shijo, T. Shimizu, K. Sakai, Bull. Chem. Soc. Jpn., 56, 105 (1983)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. [43]
    G. Kwapulinska, Chem. Anal. (Warsaw) 40, 783 (1995)Google Scholar
  44. [44]
    J. Poledniok, Chemosphere 73, 572 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. [45]
    Z. Marczenko, H. Kalowska, Microchim. Acta, 72, 507 (1979)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Versita Warsaw and Springer-Verlag Wien 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kirila T. Stojnova
    • 1
  • Kiril B. Gavazov
    • 1
    Email author
  • Galya K. Toncheva
    • 1
  • Vanya D. Lekova
    • 1
  • Atanas N. Dimitrov
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of General and Inorganic ChemistryUniversity of PlovdivPlovdivBulgaria

Personalised recommendations