Skip to main content

Efficiency of Management Systems Under Uncertainty: Short-Run Adaptive Processes


The empirical researches of Contingency Theory have given some prescriptive propositions available to organization design. But Contingency Theory has no mathematical models. In this paper, organization structure, management systems and efficiency of management systems are defined on the basis of the Modern Organization Theory, and models referred to by the decision makers in the organization are considered as models of the Sequential Decision Problems. The purpose of this paper is to show some normative propositions and Contingency Theoretic implications of them by using such concepts and models.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.


  • Arrow, K.J., Blackwell, D. and Girshick, M.A. (1949). Bayes and Minimax Solutions of Sequential Decision Problems; Econometrica, 17, 213–244.

    MathSciNet  Article  Google Scholar 

  • Blackwell, D. and Girshick, M.A. (1954). Theory of Games and Statistical Decisions; John Wiley & Sons.

    MATH  Google Scholar 

  • Burns, T. and Stalker, G.M. (1961). The Management of Innovation; Tavistock.

    Google Scholar 

  • Ferguson, T.S. (1967). Mathematical Statistics; Academic Press.

    MATH  Google Scholar 

  • Hax, A.C. and Majluf, N.S. (1981). Organizational Design: A Survey and an Approach; Operations Research, 29, 417–447.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Lawrence, P.R. and Lorsch, J.W. (1967). Organization and Environment; Harvard University Press.

    Google Scholar 

  • March, J.G. and Simon, H.A. (1958). Organizations; John Wiley & Sons.

    Google Scholar 

  • Marschak, J. and Radner, R. (1972). Economic Theory of Teams; Yale University Press.

    MATH  Google Scholar 

  • Wald, A. (1947). Sequential Analysis; John Wiley & Sons.

    MATH  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations


About this article

Cite this article

Takahashi, N. Efficiency of Management Systems Under Uncertainty: Short-Run Adaptive Processes. Behaviormetrika 10, 59–72 (1983).

Download citation

  • Received:

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI:

Key Words and Phrases

  • organization design
  • contingency theory
  • management system
  • organization structure
  • short-run adaptive process
  • sequential analysis