Staff Papers

, Volume 45, Issue 4, pp 559–594 | Cite as

Corruption Around the World: Causes, Consequences, Scope, and Cures

  • Vito Tanzi


Corruption is attracting a lot of attention around the world. This paper surveys and discusses issues related to the causes, consequences, and scope of corruption, and possible corrective actions. It emphasizes the costs of corruption in terms of economic growth. It also emphasizes that the fight against corruption may not be cheap and cannot be independent from the reform of the state. If certain reforms are not made, corruption is likely to continue to be a problem regardless of actions directly aimed at curtailing it.

JEL Classifications

E62 H1 H3 K4 N4 


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Copyright information

© International Monetary Fund 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • Vito Tanzi

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