State budgets played a significant macroeconomic role in the United States during the 1970s and 1980s. Their cyclical responsiveness was affected by the severity of statutory and constitutional fiscal restraints. Moving from no fiscal restraints to stringent restraints lowered the fiscal offset to income fluctuations by roughly 40 percent. Simulations indicate that a reduction in aggregate fiscal stabilizers of this size could lead to a significant increase in the variance of aggregate output.
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Bayoumi, T., Eichengreen, B. Restraining Yourself: The Implications of Fiscal Rules for Economic Stabilization. IMF Econ Rev 42, 32–48 (1995). https://doi.org/10.2307/3867339