, Volume 36, Issue 4, pp 461–473

The role of education in explaining and forecasting trends in functional limitations among older Americans*

Studies of Mortality, Morbidity, and Functional Limitations

DOI: 10.2307/2648084

Cite this article as:
Freedman, V.A. & Martin, L.G. Demography (1999) 36: 461. doi:10.2307/2648084


Using the Survey of Income and Program Participation, we document the importance of education in accounting for declines in functional limitations among older Americans from 1984 to 1993. Of the eight demographic and socioeconomic variables considered, education is most important in accounting for recent trends. The relationship between educational attainment and functioning has not changed measurably, but educational attainment has increased greatly during this period. Our analysis suggests, all else being equal, that future changes in education will continue to contribute to improvements in functioning, although at a reduced rate.

Copyright information

© Population Association of America 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Labor and Population ProgramRANDUSA
  2. 2.Population CouncilOne Dag Hammarskjold PlazaNew York

Personalised recommendations