In this paper we examine aggregate patterns and trends in segregation among white (non-Hispanic), black, Hispanic, and Asian public school students in 217 metropolitan areas during the period 1989-1995. We first describe a set of methodological tools that enable us both to measure the mutual segregation among multiple racial groups and to partition total metropolitan-area school segregation into geographic and racial components. Then we use these tools to examine patterns and trends in metropolitan-area school segregation. We find that the average levels of multiracial school segregation have been unchanged from 1989 to 1995, but that this stability masks important shifts in the geographic and racial components making up average levels of total metropolitan school segregation. In particular, segregation between non-Hispanic white students and all other students has increased, on average, while segregation among black, Hispanic, and Asian student groups has declined. In addition, the contribution to average levels of total metropolitan segregation due to between-district segregation has grown, whereas the relative contribution of within-district segregation has declined.
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The first two authors contributed equally to the preparation of this paper. The authors thank the Spencer Foundation Small Grants Program for generous support for this research. The first author also thanks the Harvard Children’s Initiative Postdoctoral Fellowship in Evaluating Children’s Programs for additional support. The authors thank Gary Orfield as well as three anonymous reviewers for their helpful comments. An earlier version of this paper was presented at the annual meetings of the American Educational Research Association, held in Montreal, April 19–23, 1999.
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Reardon, S.F., Yun, J.T. & Eitle, T.M. The changing structure of school segregation: Measurement and evidence of multiracial metropolitan-area school segregation, 1989–1995. Demography 37, 351–364 (2000) doi:10.2307/2648047
- Metropolitan Area
- White Student
- Residential Segregation
- Asian Student
- Suburban District