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The impact of origin community characteristics on rural-urban out-migration in a developing country

Abstract

It is widely believed that structural variables such as inequitable land distribution, lack of rural employment opportunities, and rural-urban wage and amenity gaps influence population movements in developing countries. Yet quantitative evidence is scant. In this paper a multilevel model is used to investigate the effects of individual-, household-, and areal-level factors on rural-urban out-migration in the Ecuadorian Sierra. Data from a detailed survey carried out in 1977–1978 and from government macro-areal statistics are used to investigate factors affecting the out-migration of youths aged 12–25. Preliminary conclusions are presented on the usefulness of multilevel models in studying migration and policy implications for Ecuador.

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Bilsborrow, R.E., McDevitt, T.M., Kossoudji, S. et al. The impact of origin community characteristics on rural-urban out-migration in a developing country. Demography 24, 191–210 (1987). https://doi.org/10.2307/2061629

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Keywords

  • Rural Household
  • Small Farm
  • Large Farm
  • Migration Decision
  • Female Migration