Female migration in Chile: Types of moves and socioeconomic characteristics

Abstract

This paper examines inter-provincial female migration in Chile for the 1965–1970 period, with a view to describing socioeconomic characteristics of migrant women and to determining differences and similarities in age, educational level, occupation, and type of move (first, return, or repeat) between movers to the capital and to other urban areas. Data are from a five percent sample of the 1970 Chilean census. Findings reveal that non-return migrants to other urban areas are differentiated from those to Santiago by an older age structure, higher educational levels, higher status occupations, and are more likely to be making a second (or higher-order) move. Moreover, educational measures suggest that recent female migration to urban Chile is more prevalent among the upper than the lower strata of the society.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

References

  1. Bouvier, L. F., J. J. Macisco Jr., and A. Zarate. 1976. Toward a Framework for the Analysis of Differential Migration: The Case of Education. pp. 24–36 in Anthony H. Richmond and D. Kubat (eds.), Internal Migration: The New World and the Third World. Beverly Hills: Sage Studies in International Sociology 4, Sage Publications.

    Google Scholar 

  2. Elizaga, Juan C. 1970. Migraciones a las Areas Metropolitanas de América Latina. Santiago de Chile: Centro Latinoamericano de Demografia.

    Google Scholar 

  3. Friedlander, D., and R. J. Roshier. 1966. A Study of Internal Migration in England and Wales, Part II: Recent Internal Migrants-their Movements and Characteristics. Population Studies 20:45–59.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  4. Herrick, Bruce H. 1965. Urban Migration and Economic Development in Chile. Cambridge: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Press.

    Google Scholar 

  5. Ladinsky, J. 1967. Sources of Geographic Mobility among Professional Workers: A Multivariate Analysis. Demography 4:293–309.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  6. Lansing, John B., and Eva Mueller. 1967. The Geographic Mobility of Labor. Ann Arbor: Survey Research Center, Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan.

    Google Scholar 

  7. Long, L. H. 1973. Migration Differentials by Education and Occupation: Trends and Variations. Demography 10:243–258.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  8. Macisco, John J., Jr. 1966. Internal Migration in Puerto Rico, 1955–1960. Unpublished Ph.D. dissertation in Sociology, Brown University.

  9. Miller, Ann R. 1965. Migration Differentials Among Occupation Groups: United States, 1960. Paper presented at the United Nations World Population Conference, Belgrade (A.3/V/E/179).

  10. —. 1977. Interstate Migrants in the United States: Some Social-Economic Differences by Type of Move. Demography 14:1–17.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  11. Neymark, E. 1963. Migration Differentials in Education, Intelligence and Social Background: Analysis of a Cohort of Swedish Males. Bulletin of the International Statistical Institute, Proceedings of the 34th Session, Ottawa 1:350–374.

    Google Scholar 

  12. Stone, Leroy O.. 1969. Migration in Canada. Ottawa: Dominion Bureau of Statistics.

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Herold, J.M. Female migration in Chile: Types of moves and socioeconomic characteristics. Demography 16, 257–277 (1979). https://doi.org/10.2307/2061142

Download citation

Keywords

  • Migration Rate
  • High Educational Level
  • Return Migrant
  • Migrant Woman
  • Female Migration