The increasing proportion of men with low earnings in the United States

Abstract

Data from the 1967 through 1978 Current Population Surveys of the U.S. Bureau of the Census are used to analyze the proportion of men with annual and weekly earnings below a fixed low earnings threshold. Logit analysis is used to assess the impact of the level of education, experience, cyclical conditions, and cohort size on the proportion of low earners within education-experience categories. Particular interest is paid to the influence of the labor market entry of the baby boom. The evidence indicates that, after controlling for the independent variables, the proportion of adult males with low annual and weekly earnings has been growing substantially except among the most highly educated.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

References

  1. Berger, M. 1983. The Effect of Cohort Size on Earnings Growth: A Reconsideration of the Evidence. Mimeo, University of Kentucky.

    Google Scholar 

  2. Bluestone, B. and B. Harrison. 1982. The Deindustrialization of America. New York: Basic Books.

    Google Scholar 

  3. Danziger, S. and P. Plotnick. 1982. The War on Income Poverty: Achievements and Failures. In P. Somers (ed.), Welfare Reform in America. Boston: Kluwer-Nijhoff.

    Google Scholar 

  4. Dooley, M. and P. Gottschalk. 1984. Earnings inequality among males in the United States: trends and the effect of labor force growth. Journal of Political Economy 92:59–89.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  5. Easterlin, R. 1978. What will 1984 be like? Socioeconomic implications of recent twists in age structure. Demography 15:397–432.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  6. Freeman, R. 1979. The effect of demographic factors on age-earnings profiles. Journal of Human Resources 14:289–318.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  7. Gottschalk, P. 1978. Earnings, Transfers, and Poverty Reduction in Research. In R. Ehrenberg (ed.), Labor Economics, vol. 2. Greenwich, Conn.: JAI Press.

    Google Scholar 

  8. Hanuschek, E. and J. Jackson. 1977. Statistical Methods for the Social Scientist. New York: Academic Press.

    Google Scholar 

  9. Hedges, J. and C. Mellor. 1979. Weekly and Hourly Earnings of U.S. Workers, 1967–78. Monthly Labor Review, August.

  10. Leon, C. B. 1982. Occupational Winners and Losers: Who Were They During 1972–80? Monthly Labor Review, 105:18–28.

    Google Scholar 

  11. Plantes, M. K. 1978. Work Experience, Economic Activity and Lifetime Earnings: An Intercohort Analysis, unpublished Ph.D. dissertation, M.I.T.

  12. Raisian, J. and E. Donovan. 1980. Patterns of Real WageGrowth, 1967–1977: Who Has Prospered?, BLS Working Paper 104, U.S.D.O.L.

  13. Welch, F. 1979. Effects of Cohort Size on Earnings: The Baby Boom Babies’ Financial Bust. Journal of Political Economy 87:565–597.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  14. Welch, F. and W. Gould. 1976. An Experience Imputation or an Imputation Experience. Unpublished paper, Department of Economics, University of California, Los Angeles, October.

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Dooley, M., Gottschalk, P. The increasing proportion of men with low earnings in the United States. Demography 22, 25–34 (1985). https://doi.org/10.2307/2060984

Download citation

Keywords

  • Current Population Survey
  • Cohort Size
  • Lower Tail
  • Annual Earning
  • Female Labor Supply