The continuation of education after marriage among women in the United States: 1970

Abstract

Data from the 1970 National Fertility Study are used to assess the extent and determinants of post-nuptial education among women in the United States. Over one-fifth of all women have attended high school or college since marriage; over one-third either have returned to school or anticipate returning to an academic institution sometime in the future. This phenomenon is apparently increasing since women married less than five years have already attended school in as great a proportion as women married 15–19 years. Examination of differentials reveals for both blacks and whites that post-nuptial education is higher among women who: (1) attended college before marriage, (2) married early, (3) are currently separated or divorced, (4) support egalitarian sex-role attitudes, or (5) whose most recent occupation is in the professional, managerial, or administrative category. Post-nuptial trends in education undoubtedly reflect the much broader social phenomenon of changing sex-role perceptions.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

References

  1. Aller, F. D. 1963. Some Factors in Marital Adjustment and Academic Achievement of Married Students. The Personnel and Guidance Journal 41:609–616.

    Google Scholar 

  2. Astin, Alexander W., and R. J. Panos. 1969. The Educational and Vocational Development of College Students. Washington, D.C.: American Council on Education.

    Google Scholar 

  3. Bayer, A. E. 1969. Marriage Plans and Educational Aspirations. American Journal of Sociology 75:239–244.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  4. —. 1972. College Impact on Marriage. Journal of Marriage and the Family 34:600–609.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  5. Bumpass, Larry L., and J. A. Sweet. 1975. Background and Early Marital Factors in Marital Disruption. Presented at the 1975 meetings of the American Sociological Association, San Francisco.

  6. Folger, John K., and C. B. Nam. 1967. Education of the American Population. A 1960 Census Monograph prepared in cooperation with the Social Sciences Research Council. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office.

    Google Scholar 

  7. Lee, A. M. 1961. A Study of Married Women College Students. National Association of Women Deans and Counsellors 24:132–137.

    Google Scholar 

  8. Likert, Jane G. (ed.). 1967. Conversations with Returning Women Students. Center for Continuing Education of Women, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor.

    Google Scholar 

  9. Marshall, W. H., and M. P. King. 1966. Undergraduate Student Marriages: A Compilation of Research Findings. Journal of Marriage and the Family 28:350–359.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  10. Mason, K. O., and L. L. Bumpass. 1975. U.S. Women’s Sex-Role Ideology, 1970. American Journal of Sociology 80:1212–1219.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  11. Mueller, K. H. 1960. The Married Student on Campus. College and University 35:155–163.

    Google Scholar 

  12. Ryder, N. B., and C. F. Westoff. 1972. Wanted and Unwanted Fertility in the United States: 1965 and 1970. Pp. 471–487 in U.S. Commission on Population Growth and the American Future, Research Reports, Volume I, Demographic and Social Aspects of Population Growth, Charles F. Westoff and R. Parke, Jr. (eds.). Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office.

    Google Scholar 

  13. U.S. Bureau of the Census. 1973. U.S. Census of Population: 1970. Subject Reports. Final Report, PC(2)-5A. School Enrollment. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office. 175–187

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Davis, N.J., Bumpass, L.L. The continuation of education after marriage among women in the United States: 1970. Demography 13, 161–174 (1976). https://doi.org/10.2307/2060798

Download citation

Keywords

  • White Collar
  • Vocational Schooling
  • Marital Disruption
  • Marriage Cohort
  • Marriage Duration