We analyze population change and net migration, by age and sex, from 1940 to 1970, for 1,834 Nonmetropolitan Pennsylvania Minor Civil Divisions (MCD’s) classified by residence, population potential, socioeconomic status, and distance from metropolitan centers. Our analysis indicates, as expected, reconcentration of residents from both urban and remoter nonmetropolitan localities into exurban peripheries 25 to 35 miles from metropolitan centers. Since 1960, however, a “turnaround” appears in many truly rural tracts, which have been experiencing an influx or retention of persons 35 years of age and older. Statistical explanations are strongest for males in poor, isolated places, weakest for more accessible, socioeconomically advanced places and their female inhabitants. Throughout the study period and area, nonurban MCD’s register more positively than the rural.
This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.
Beale, Calvin L. 1975. The Revival of Population Growth in Nonmetropolitan America. Economic Research Service Publication ERS-605. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Agriculture.
Beale, Calvin L.. 1976. A Further Look at Nonmetropolitan Population Growth Since 1970. Paper presented to the Annual Meeting of the Rural Sociological Society, New York City, August 1976.
—, and G. V. Fuguitt. 1975. The New Pattern of Nonmetropolitan Population Change. Working Paper 75-22. Madison: Center for Demography and Ecology, University of Wisconsin.
Birch, David L., P. M. Allaman, and E. A. Martin. 1975. Level and Composition of Migration Streams Into and Out of Metropolitan and Rural Areas. Working Paper No. 3. Cambridge, Mass.: Joint Center for Urban Studies of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Harvard University.
Forstall, Richard L. 1975. Trends in Metropolitan and Nonmetropolitan Population Growth Since 1970. Paper presented at the Conference on Population Distribution, sponsored by the National Center for Child Health and Human Development, Belmont, Md., January 29–31, 1975.
Sundquist, James L. 1975. Dispersing Population: What Americans Can Learn from Europe. Washington, D.C.: Brookings Institute.
Tucker, C. J. 1976. Changing Patterns of Migration Between Metropolitan and Nonmetropolitan Areas in the United States: Recent Evidence. Demography 13:435–443.
U.S. Bureau of the Census. 1963. Methodology and Scores of Socioeconomic Status. Working Paper No. 15. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Bureau of the Census.
—. 1975. Current Population Reports. Series P20, No. 285. Mobility of the Population of the United States: March 1970 to March 1975. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office.
— 1976. Estimates of the Population of Pennsylvania Counties and Metropolitan Areas: July I, 1974 and 1975. Series P-26, No. 75-38. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office.
Vining, Daniel R., Jr, and T. Kontuly. 1975. A Preliminary Inquiry into the PossibleCauses of Interregional Population Dispersal, Occasioned by Dr. Sundquist’s Dispersing Population: What Americans Can Learn From Europe. Unpublished paper. Philadelphia: Department of Regional Science, University of Pennsylvania.
Wardwell, J. M. 1977. Equilibrium and Change in Nonmetropolitan Growth. Rural Sociology 42: forthcoming.
Zelinsky, Wilbur, G. F. De Jong, C. R. Humphrey, E. E. Raphael, and P. D. Simkins. 1974. Population Change and Redistribution in Nonmetropolitan Pennsylvania, 1940–1970. University Park, Penn.: Population Issues Research Office, The Pennsylvania State University.
About this article
Cite this article
Zelinsky, W. Is Nonmetropolitan America being repopulated? The evidence from Pennsylvania’s minor civil divisions. Demography 15, 13–39 (1978). https://doi.org/10.2307/2060488
- Population Change
- Statistical Explanation
- Advanced Place
- Metropolitan Center
- Residential Type